Introduction to Oceanography
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Introduction to Oceanography GEOL 2503 Dr. David Bush University of West Georgia Department of Geosciences. Introduction. Why do we care about the oceans?. Do we care about the oceans?. There is something for everybody!. Why Study the Oceans?. Scientific curiosity Travel Commerce

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Introduction 2654297

Introduction to Oceanography GEOL 2503 Dr. David BushUniversity of West GeorgiaDepartment of Geosciences


Do we care about the oceans
Do we care about the oceans?

Why study the oceans
Why Study the Oceans?

  • Scientific curiosity

  • Travel

  • Commerce

  • Food

  • Minerals including salt

  • Fresh Water

  • War/Defense

Earth the water planet
Earth—The Water Planet

  • Water 71% of Earth surface area

    • oceans and seas

  • Land 29% of Earth surface area

    • includes lakes, streams, rivers

  • Earth is a water planet but efforts are concentrated on land

  • Oceanography studies all aspects of oceans

Oceanography includes all aspects of study but there are four main areas
Oceanography includes all aspects of study, but there are four main areas.

  • Geological Oceanography

  • Chemical Oceanography

  • Physical Oceanography

  • Biological Oceanography

Geological oceanography
Geological Oceanography four main areas.

  • Size and shape of ocean basins

  • Ages of the sea floor

  • Ocean rocks versus continental rocks

  • Sediments

    that cover

    the seafloor

Chemical oceanography
Chemical Oceanography four main areas.

  • Sea water composition

  • Extracting useable materials dissolved in seawater

  • Obtaining fresh water from seawater

  • Dissolved

    gases and their


    between sea

    and air

  • Buffer


Physical oceanography
Physical Oceanography four main areas.

  • Water motion—waves, currents, tides

  • Transmission of energy—sound, heat, light

  • Water masses

  • Pressure

Biological oceanography
Biological Oceanography four main areas.

  • Life of the sea

  • How sea life affects environment

  • What life needs for optimum development

  • Food chains

  • Migration patterns

  • Habits of food fish, prey, and predators

There are many other areas of oceanography including
There are four main areas.many other areas of Oceanography, including:

  • Engineering

  • Meteorology

  • Ecology

Marine engineering
Marine Engineering four main areas.

  • Equipment to secure samples 7 miles below ship

  • Breakwaters, piers, seawalls

  • Extracting power from energy of waves and tides

  • Designing submarines and other submersibles

  • Drilling platforms for oil and gas exploration

  • Nuclear waste disposal?

South Coast of Sicily, Italy. Sea Walls and jetties used to create a harbor. Peter A. Scholle

Oceans and meteorology
Oceans and Meteorology four main areas.

  • Oceans determine world climatic conditions

  • Oceans affect local weather

  • Oceans are dominant factor in heat budget

  • Oceans are the

    “flywheel of



Marine ecology

A sea otter feeding offshore Southern California. They were hunted almost to extinction, mainly for fur.

Marine Ecology

  • Pollution

  • Extinction of marine species

  • Loss of wetlands

  • Negative environmental impacts

Textbook not required
Textbook—not required hunted almost to extinction, mainly for fur.

  • An Introduction to the World’s Oceans (tenth edition)

  • by Sverdrup and Armbrust—published by McGraw-Hill

  • Not required, but strongly recommended

Syllabus review
Syllabus Review hunted almost to extinction, mainly for fur.

  • We will quickly review the syllabus in class

  • Log into the class WebCT site to see the full syllabus

  • Pay special attention to the class calendar, announcements posted, and emails for important items.

Course packs
Course Packs hunted almost to extinction, mainly for fur.

  • Required

  • Include all PowerPoint slides

  • Available in the bookstore

Contacting me
Contacting me hunted almost to extinction, mainly for fur.

  • Please email me via CourseDen and not my regular UWG email

  • Office phone 679-839-4057