PUNCTUATION Making your mark!
END MARKS • Periods (.) – Use at end of a statement and after an abbreviation. • Question marks (?) – Use after an inquiry. • Exclamation (!) – Use after a statement made with excitement or force.
Using Periods • Use a period after a statement. • Use a period after abbreviations.
Periods Examples • My son has gone to Wal-Mart. • Jim asked if he could go to the movies. • Dr. K. A. Smith works in Little Rock.
Using Question Marks • Use question marks at the end of an inquiry. • If a quote is a question, place the question mark inside the quotation marks. • If a question includes a quote which is not a question, place the question mark outside the quotation marks.
Question Mark Examples • What time will the sun set today? • “Did Judy want to go with us?” Phil asked. • Did Jim say, “I won’t be at school tomorrow”?
Using Exclamation Marks • Use exclamation marks after interjections. • Use exclamation marks after statements using force. • Use exclamation marks after a statement beginning with an asking word (but is not a question).
Exclamation Examples • Wow! • Stop that fighting right now! • What a beautiful diamond ring!
Commas (,) • Use commas to separate items in a list. • Use commas to separate cities and states. • Use commas to separate two or more complete clauses joined by a conjunction. • Use commas before and after a word or words added for emphasis. • Use commas before and after words used to clarify a noun. • Use a comma after an introductory word or clause.
Comma Examples • The recipe calls for flour, corn meal, milk, salt, baking powder, oil, and an egg. • I was born in Dayton, Ohio. • He saw the bus, but he wasn’t ready to go. • He was, however, early for work. • Vickie, my sister, works at the literacy council. • Well, I hope you’re going with us.
Colons and Semicolons (: ;) • Use colons in time to separate the hour from the minutes. • Use colons before a given list or information. • Use a semicolon to separate two complete sentences without the use of a conjunction. • Use a semicolon to separate a list of items which already contain commas.
Colon & Semicolon Examples • I awoke at 6:00 a.m. • Buy these when you go to the store: paper towels, cups, plates, and napkins. • Yesterday was sunny and warm; however, today is rainy and cool. • Write these amounts in the register: $1,030.14; $225.79; $3,668.45.
Quotation Marks ( “….”) • Put quotation marks before and after the exact words someone says.
Quotation Examples • Sara exclaimed, “This movie was the best!” • “Yesterday,” Sharon said, “was my parents’ anniversary.” • Bob said that he would be late for work.
Say what you mean, and mean what you say!Punctuation helps you keep your facts straight. Every mark can make or break the meaning of your statement.