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Globalisation. Topic 3. What does globalisation mean?. Definition. Globalisation is the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange. Why has globalisation occurred?.

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definition
Definition

Globalisationis the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange.

why has globalisation occurred
Why has globalisation occurred?

Make a list of 5-10 factors that have lead to globalisation.

Eg.

a) Increased access to technology eg the internet

check your answers against this
Check your answers against this:

Better methods

Of communication

e.g. internet, phone

Low transport costs

Factors influencing ‘Globalisation’

Different job

opportunities in

countries

Its easier to trade between

Countries now

Lower wages in LEDC countries

employment sectors
Employment sectors

Primary – people extract raw materials from the l____ or s__ e.g. f______, mining, f_____

Secondary – involves m_________ where raw materials are converted to a finished product e.g. textile and car p_________

Tertiary – provide a s______e.g. distribution, retailing, financial services, nursing, t_______

Quaternary – provide information and expert help e.g. Creative/knowledge based industries, ____ based

slide12
The Clark Fisher ModelWhat does this model show? How does it relate to the UK? How has this lead to globalisation?
explain how employment structures change over time in countries
Explain how employment structures change over time in countries.

Clark and Fisher believed that countries employment structures changed in three stages due to the development of their economies.

In stage one (Pre-industrial times) countries had high\low percentage of people in primary/secondary/tertiary industry and a low percentage in in primary/secondary/tertiary industry. This meant countries were poor because ……..

In stage two (Industrial times); countries employment structure starts to change. Describe the changes. This means countries are beginning to earn more money because……

In stage three ……………..

slide14

Global trade

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

Lower transport costs

How have these key ideas helped to develop globalisation?

P190-195

WTO

World trade organisation

TNC’s

Transnational cooperation's

IMF

International monetary fund

slide15
TNCs

Define TNCs

Egs

Characteristics

Define: a) growth b) merger c) consolidation

d) conglomeration

How does FDI link to TNCs?

why have nike outsourced to other countries
Why have Nike ‘outsourced’ to other countries?

What does outsourcing mean?

Page 200-201

case study bt
Case Study: BT

Why has BT outsourced to Bangalore? (5 reasons)

What is meant by the ‘new economy’ and ‘footloose industries’? (p199)

Using examples, explain how outsourcing can affect different countries different ways (6)

wto the world trade organisation
WTO– The World Trade Organisation

What are trade barriers?

How can they affect globalisation?

Who benefits the most/least from trade barriers?

What is the IMF?

Link to globalisation

exam question
Exam question

Using examples, explain how organisations like the IMF and WTO can help the process of globalisation. (6)

exam question1
Exam question

Explain how Globalisation has led to greater trade between countries (4)

Using examples, explain how TNC’s operate in different parts of the world (6)

exam questions
Exam questions:
  • Using examples, explain why employment in developing countries has changed in recent years (6)
  • Identify four pieces of evidence to show that Vietnam is a more industrialised country than Malawi (4)
  • Outline one benefit and one problem that industrialisation can bring to a country (4)
case study leeds
Case Study: Leeds

Outline:

  • How globalisation has affected Leeds
  • The impacts (+ve/-ve) on groups of people (4 different groups needed)
case study bangladesh
Case Study: Bangladesh

Outline:

  • How globalisation has affected Bangladesh
  • The impacts (+ve/-ve) on groups of people (4 different groups needed)
exam question2
Exam question

Using examples, describe how globalisation can impact on men and women in developed countries (6)

Using examples, explain why globalisation can lead to unequal impacts on men and women in developing countries (6)

exam question3
Exam question

Using examples, explain how outsourcing can affect different countries in different ways (6)