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Aspects to Consider When Planning • Appearance • Organisation • Content • Aim • Register • Language • Vocabulary • Structures
Appearance • What should this writing look like? Not essential • Title? • Headings? YES! For every paragraph • Paragraphs? Yes. 4 or 5.
Organisation • What do I need to present? • Information from personal experience or from From survey results? • Do I have to invent survey findings? Are the questions specified in the task? • How can I organise my report into paragraphs? 1. Introduction 2. finding 1 finding 2 3. 4. finding 3 5. Recommendation
1. Introduction • State your aim. (Get this from the exam task) • What is the survey based on? Content 2. Heading 1 • Survey finding 1 – Present results without interpretation. Save that for the recommendation! Heading 2 3. • Survey finding 2 4. Heading 3 • Survey finding 3 5. Recommendation • Your suggested plan of action. This must relate to…. • The survey findings • The aim of the report.
Aim • Why am I writing this? To ask for information? To give information? To complain? To explain? To discuss? To convince? To recommend?
Register • Who am I writing for? • Should it be Formal or informal? FORMAL!
Language • How will the register affect the language? Contractions? NONE Verbs? Latinate when possible Linking words and phrases? Formal
Vocabulary What vocabulary do I know related to this subject that will impress the examiner?
Structures + Phrases • What structures can I use to impress the examiner? To present results - • Reported speech • Phrases that start with adverbs (surprisingly, understandably etc.) To indicate order of / add information - • Firstly, secondly etc. • Furthermore, moreover etc. Give your recommendation • As a result of the survey I would recommend…… • I also suggest ……. Other structures to impress- • Conditionals, relative clauses etc.
Talking about quantity many, a great deal , a vast amount, a large number of MOST The majority … , The vast majority …, a large proportion … A FEW A small proportion…. , only a handful of……., a minority…. , hardly any / anybody …. One in four answered that …… Twenty five per cent felt that …… 1/4 A quarter of people were of the opinion that …. One out of every four people thought ….