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5. Work Laws and Responsibilities. 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws 5.2 Responsibilities on the Job. Do Nows:. Pop Quiz Discuss: Why did your parent choose their career?. Lesson 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws. GOALS Discuss the purpose of various work-related forms.

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work laws and responsibilities

5

Work Laws and Responsibilities

5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws

5.2 Responsibilities on the Job

do nows
Do Nows:
  • Pop Quiz
  • Discuss: Why did your parent choose their career?
lesson 5 1 work related forms and laws
Lesson 5.1Work-Related Forms and Laws

GOALS

  • Discuss the purpose of various work-related forms.
  • Explain the provisions of major employment laws.
  • Chapter 5
required work forms
Required Work Forms
  • When you get a job, the government will require a number of forms containing information about you.
  • You will fill out some.
  • Others, your employer will complete.
  • If you are under age 16, you may also need a work permit.
  • Some forms, such as Forms W-2 and W-4, are part of the income tax process.
  • Chapter 5
form w 4 employee s withholding allowance certificate
Form W-4: Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate
  • Form W-4 asks for your name, address, Social Security number, marital status, and the number of exemptions you are claiming for income tax purposes.
  • The information determines the amount your employer will withhold from your paycheck for income taxes.
    • Allowances are reductions in the amount of tax withheld from your paycheck.
    • Exempt status is available only to people who will not earn enough in the year to owe any federal income tax.
  • Chapter 5
social security
Social Security
  • What do you remember learning in your Social Studies classes about Social Security?
social security taxes and benefits
Social Security Taxes and Benefits
  • Employers withhold Social Security taxes from your pay and contribute matching amounts.
  • The amounts you earn and the amounts contributed for Social Security throughout your work life are credited to your Social Security account number.
  • When you become eligible, usually at retirement, benefits are paid to you monthly, based upon how much you have paid into your account.
  • Chapter 5
social security forms
Social Security Forms
  • Social Security Number
    • Your Social Security number is your permanent work identification number.
  • Social Security Card
    • Application for a card
    • Application for a replacement card
  • Social Security Statement of Earnings
    • Request for Social Security Statement of Earnings
  • Chapter 5
work permit application
Work Permit Application
  • Many states require minors—people under the age of legal adulthood—to obtain a work permit before they are allowed to work.
  • Where to get a work permit application:
    • Your state Department of Labor
    • School counseling center
    • Work experience coordinator
  • Chapter 5
work permit application1
Work Permit Application
  • (continued)
  • What you need in order to apply for a work permit:
    • Social Security number
    • Proof of age
    • Permission from your parent or legal guardian
  • There is usually no charge.
  • Have any of you had to fill out working papers? What did you have to do?
  • Chapter 5
form w 2 wage and tax statement
Form W-2:Wage and Tax Statement
  • Form W-2 is a summary of the income you earned during the year and all amounts the employer withheld for taxes.
  • Each of your employers must provide you with a Form W-2 for the previous tax year no later than January 31 of the current year.
  • Each of your employers sends a copy of your Form W-2 to the government.
  • Chapter 5
form i 9
Form I-9
  • Before you start working, you and your employer must complete an Employment Eligibility Verification form, or Form I-9.
  • The purpose of this form is to verify the employee’s identity and eligibility to work in the United States.
  • Along with the form, you will be required to present forms of identification, which could include a driver’s license, passport, Social Security card, or birth certificate.
  • Chapter 5
employment laws
Employment Laws
  • The federal government has enacted many laws to protect workers.
  • The Department of Labor is responsible for enforcing labor laws that:
    • Provide unemployment, disability, and retirement insurance benefits
    • Establish a minimum wage and regular working hours
    • Establish rules regarding overtime pay
    • Help workers injured on the job
    • Provide equal employment opportunities and prohibit discrimination
    • Establish safe working conditions
  • Chapter 5
social security act
Social Security Act
  • The Social Security Act, passed in 1935, established a national social insurance program that provides federal aid for the elderly and for disabled workers.
  • The Medicare provision, added in 1965, provides hospital and medical insurance for those 65 and older.
  • Social Security provides these benefits:
    • Old age retirement income (OA)
    • Survivorship income (S)
    • Disability income (D)
    • Health insurance (HI)
  • Chapter 5
unemployment compensation
Unemployment Compensation
  • The Social Security Act requires every state to have an unemployment insurance program.
  • Unemployment insurance provides benefits to workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own.
  • After a waiting period, laid-off or terminated workers may collect a portion of their regular pay for a certain length of time.
  • Premiums for unemployment insurance are usually paid by employers.
  • Chapter 5
fair labor standards act
Fair Labor Standards Act
  • The Fair Labor Standards Act, which is also known as the Wage and Hour Act, establishes a minimum wage.
  • It also requires hourly workers to be paid “overtime wages” of 1½ times their hourly rate for hours worked beyond 40 per week.
  • A minimum wage is the lowest wage that an employer may pay an employee as established by law.
  • Chapter 5
workers compensation
Workers’ Compensation
  • Workers’ compensation is an insurance program that pays benefits to workers and/or their families for injury, illness, or death that occurs as a result of the job.
  • The employer is responsible for employee injuries and illnesses that are the result of employment, regardless of fault.
  • Chapter 5
family and medical leave act
Family and Medical Leave Act
  • The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 allows employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period for certain medical and family situations.
  • Some employers may choose to pay employees during some types of leave, such as sick leave, but they are not required by law to do so.
  • Chapter 5
family and medical leave act1
Family and Medical Leave Act
  • (continued)
  • Valid circumstances for unpaid leave under the FMLA include the following:
    • Birth and care of a newborn child, including adoption of a child
    • Care of an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition
    • Medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition
  • Chapter 5
laws against discrimination in employment
Laws Against Discrimination in Employment
  • Equal Pay Act
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act
  • Americans with Disabilities Act
  • Chapter 5
lesson 5 2 responsibilities on the job
Lesson 5.2Responsibilities on the Job

GOALS

  • Discuss employee responsibilities at work.
  • Describe employer responsibilities to employees.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to employers
Responsibilities to Employers
  • Competent work
    • The work needs to be marketable—that is, of such quality that the employer can sell it or use it to favorably represent the company.
  • Punctuality
    • Punctuality means being ready to start work at the appointed time.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to employers1
Responsibilities to Employers
  • (continued)
  • Pleasant attitude
    • Pleasant and easy to get along with
    • Courteous to customers
  • Loyalty and respect
    • Loyalty means that you show respect for your employer and the company for which you work, both on and off the job.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to employers2
Responsibilities to Employers
  • (continued)
  • Dependability
    • Dependability is a character trait that means you can be counted on to do what you say you will do.
  • Initiative
    • Initiative is taking the lead, recognizing what needs to be done, and doing it without having to be told.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to employers3
Responsibilities to Employers
  • (continued)
  • Interest
    • You should project an attitude of wanting to learn all you can and of giving all tasks your best effort.
  • Self-evaluation
    • The ability to take criticism and to assess your own progress is important to you and your employer.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to other employees
Responsibilities to Other Employees
  • Teamwork
    • Teamwork means working cooperatively in order to achieve a group goal.
  • Thoughtfulness
    • Be considerate of coworkers to promote a good work atmosphere for everyone, including customers.
  • Loyalty
    • In addition to being loyal to your employer, you should be loyal to coworkers.
  • Chapter 5
responsibilities to customers
Responsibilities to Customers
  • Helpfulness
    • Identify what customer wants
    • Solve problems
  • Courtesy and respect
    • Your attitude toward customers should always be respectful and courteous, never hostile or unfriendly.
  • Chapter 5
employer responsibilities
Employer Responsibilities
  • Adequate supervision
    • Supervision is providing new and current employees with the information and training they need to do their jobs well.
  • Fair human resource policies
    • Policies on hiring, firing, raises, promotions, and dispute resolution need to be fair and well defined.
  • Chapter 5
employer responsibilities1
Employer Responsibilities
  • (continued)
  • Safe working conditions
    • Safe equipment
    • Safe working environment
    • Adequate training for working under dangerous conditions
  • Open channels of communication
    • Express concerns.
    • Ask questions.
    • Make suggestions.
  • Chapter 5
employer responsibilities2
Employer Responsibilities
  • (continued)
  • Recognition of achievement
    • An employee evaluation is a report that discusses the employee’s strengths and weaknesses in performing the job and how well the employee helped to meet company goals.
    • As a result of evaluations, employees are given merit pay raises, bonuses, and advancement opportunities.
  • Chapter 5
to do
To Do:
  • Watch 30 Days: Minimum Wage
  • Complete worksheet and discuss
closure
Closure:
  • What are pros and cons of raising the minimum wage?
  • Should the U.S. raise the minimum wage?