Lecture 2 Organisational Behaviour - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Lecture 2 Organisational Behaviour

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  1. Lecture 2Organisational Behaviour Individual Differences – 1The Self

  2. Defining the Fundamental State(Quinn, 2005: 75-76). • Move from comfort-centred to results-centred • Move from being externally-directed to internally directed • Become less self-focussed and more focussed on others • Become more open to outside stimuli

  3. Positive Psychological CapitalLuthans, Luthans & Luthans (2004)

  4. An OB Model for Studying Individual Differences

  5. Self-Awareness • Self-Concept - a person’s self-perception as a physical, social, spiritual being. • Self-Esteem - one’s overall self-evaluation. • Self-Efficacy - a person’s belief about his chances of successfully accomplishing a specific task • Learned Helplessness - debilitating lack of faith in one’s ability to control the situation • Self-Monitoring - extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the demands of the situation • Resilience – the ability to ‘bounce back’ after adversity among others • Cognitions - a person’s knowledge, opinions, or beliefs


  6. Six Pillars of Self-Esteem N at h a n i e l B r a n d e n • Living consciously • Self-acceptance • Self-responsibility • Self-assertiveness • Living purposefully • Integrity • Important: Self-esteem has to do with what I think of me, not what anyone else thinks of me.

  7. Self-Efficacy Beliefs Pave the Way for Success or Failure

  8. Leadership & Self-Efficacy Hannah, Avolio, Luthans and Harms (2008)

  9. Leadership & Self-Efficacy Hannah, Avolio, Luthans and Harms (2008)

  10. Self-Monitoring • Self-monitoring • extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the demands of the situation • Positive relationship between high self-monitoring and career success

  11. Locus of Control • Internal locus of control • attributing outcomes to one’s own actions • External locus of control • attributing outcomes to circumstances beyond one’s control

  12. Personality • Personality - stable and mental characteristics responsible for a person’s identity • The Big Five Personality Dimensions • Extraversion • Agreeableness • Conscientiousness • Emotional stability • Openness to experience

  13. 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People Dr Stephen Covey, 1990 • be proactive • begin with the end in mind • put first things first • think win-win • seek first to understand and then to be understood • synergize (creative cooperation) • sharpen the saw Stephen Covey introduced an the eighth habit, which deals with personal fulfilment and helping others to achieve fulfilment too.