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Lecture 2 Organisational Behaviour. Individual Differences – 1 The Self. Defining the Fundamental State (Quinn, 2005: 75-76). Move from comfort-centred to results-centred Move from being externally-directed to internally directed Become less self-focussed and more focussed on others

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lecture 2 organisational behaviour

Lecture 2Organisational Behaviour

Individual Differences – 1The Self

defining the fundamental state quinn 2005 75 76
Defining the Fundamental State(Quinn, 2005: 75-76).
  • Move from comfort-centred to results-centred
  • Move from being externally-directed to internally directed
  • Become less self-focussed and more focussed on others
  • Become more open to outside stimuli
self awareness
Self-Awareness
  • Self-Concept - a person’s self-perception as a physical, social, spiritual being.
  • Self-Esteem - one’s overall self-evaluation.
  • Self-Efficacy - a person’s belief about his chances of successfully accomplishing a specific task
  • Learned Helplessness - debilitating lack of faith in one’s ability to control the situation
  • Self-Monitoring - extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the demands of the situation
  • Resilience – the ability to ‘bounce back’ after adversity

among others

  • Cognitions - a person’s knowledge, opinions, or beliefs
six pillars of self esteem n at h a n i e l b r a n d e n
Six Pillars of Self-Esteem N at h a n i e l B r a n d e n
  • Living consciously
  • Self-acceptance
  • Self-responsibility
  • Self-assertiveness
  • Living purposefully
  • Integrity
  • Important: Self-esteem has to do with what I think of me, not what anyone else thinks of me.
leadership self efficacy
Leadership & Self-Efficacy

Hannah, Avolio, Luthans and Harms (2008)

leadership self efficacy1
Leadership & Self-Efficacy

Hannah, Avolio, Luthans and Harms (2008)

self monitoring
Self-Monitoring
  • Self-monitoring
    • extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the demands of the situation
  • Positive relationship between high self-monitoring and career success
locus of control
Locus of Control
  • Internal locus of control
    • attributing outcomes to one’s own actions
  • External locus of control
    • attributing outcomes to circumstances beyond one’s control
personality
Personality
  • Personality - stable and mental characteristics responsible for a person’s identity
  • The Big Five Personality Dimensions
    • Extraversion
    • Agreeableness
    • Conscientiousness
    • Emotional stability
    • Openness to experience
7 habits of highly effective people dr stephen covey 1990
7 Habits Of Highly Effective People Dr Stephen Covey, 1990
  • be proactive
  • begin with the end in mind
  • put first things first
  • think win-win
  • seek first to understand and then to be understood
  • synergize (creative cooperation)
  • sharpen the saw

Stephen Covey introduced an the eighth habit, which deals with personal fulfilment and helping others to achieve fulfilment too.