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On April 25, 1945 the representatives of 50 nations met in SF to establish a new peacekeeping body. Currently meets in New York City. United Nations. Potsdam Conference. Post World War II conference between the US, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. Satellite Nations.

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united nations

On April 25, 1945 the representatives of 50 nations met in SF to establish a new peacekeeping body.

Currently meets in New York City

United Nations

U.S. History Chapter 18

potsdam conference
Potsdam Conference

Post World War II conference between the US, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union

U.S. History Chapter 18

satellite nations
Satellite Nations

Countries that were dominated and followed the Soviet Union

U.S. History Chapter 18

containment
Containment

A policy of preventing the extension of communism

U.S. History Chapter 18

iron curtain
Iron Curtain

Division of Europe between West (capitalist) and East (communist)

Phrase first used by Winston Churchill

U.S. History Chapter 18

cold war
Cold War

Conflict of ideals between the United States and Soviet Union in which neither nation directly confronted the other on the battlefield

U.S. History Chapter 18

truman doctrine
Truman Doctrine

President Truman’s Foreign Policy

“It must be the policy of the U.S. to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” (ie: communist Russia)

U.S. History Chapter 18

marshall plan
Marshall Plan

$12.5 Billion to countries that oppose communism

Putting the Truman Doctrine into practice

U.S. History Chapter 18

berlin airlift
Berlin Airlift

327 days of flying food and supplies to West Berlin

U.S. History Chapter 18

n a t o
N.A.T.O.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Countries of Western Europe and the U.S. join to oppose communism

U.S. History Chapter 18

chiang kai shek
Chiang Kai-shek

Leader of the Chinese Nationalists

U.S. History Chapter 18

mao zedong
Mao Zedong

Leader of Chinese Communists

U.S. History Chapter 18

taiwan
Taiwan

After the communists gain control of mainland China, nationalists flee to the island of Taiwan

U.S. History Chapter 18

korea split 38 th parallel
Korea Split – 38th Parallel

Korea split at 38th parallel

  • North – Communist
  • South – Capitalist

U.S. History Chapter 18

korean conflict
Korean Conflict

U.S. Goals in Korea

  • 1. Maintain the 38th parallel
  • 2. Take North Korea
      • Reverse Domino Theory

When China enters the war on the side of N. Korea we go back to goal #1

U.S. History Chapter 18

macarthur v truman
MacArthur v. Truman

Douglass MacArthur

  • U.S. commander in Korea

MacArthur likes goal #2

  • China enters, MacArthur wants to take China too.

Truman disagrees

  • Truman is President, MacArthur is a general. Truman wins

Truman fires MacArthur

  • “Old soldiers never die, they just fade away.”

U.S. History Chapter 18

house un american activities committee
House Un-American Activities Committee

HUAC – Investigated communist influence in the movie industry

Hunting out “Reds in America”

U.S. History Chapter 18

hollywood ten
Hollywood Ten

Were accused of being communist and refused to cooperate because they believed that the hearings were unconstitutional

They were sent to prison

U.S. History Chapter 18

blacklist
Blacklist

A list of people that were condemned for having a communist background

Approximately 500 people had their careers ruined

U.S. History Chapter 18

alger hiss
Alger Hiss

Accused by Whittaker Chambers of being a spy. Hiss denied the claims.

Information obtained in the 1990s from the USSR seem to prove Hiss’ guilt

U.S. History Chapter 18

rosenbergs
Rosenbergs

Ethel and Julius were accused and convicted of espionage and sentenced to death

U.S. History Chapter 18

joseph mccarthy
Joseph McCarthy

Senator Joseph McCarthy (Wis.)

Communists are not just over there, they are here in America too.

U.S. History Chapter 18

mccarthyism
McCarthyism

Unfair tactic of accusing people of disloyalty without providing evidence.

U.S. History Chapter 18

h bomb
H-Bomb

Hydrogen Bomb

67 times the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima

U.S. History Chapter 18

dwight d eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower

President of the United States

Elected in 1952

Re-Elected in 1956

U.S. History Chapter 18

john foster dulles
John Foster Dulles

Secretary of State for Eisenhower

Staunch Anti-Communist that saw the Cold War as a moral crusade against communism

U.S. History Chapter 18

brinkmanship
Brinkmanship

The willingness to go to the edge of all out war

Number of nuclear weapons was increased.

U.S. History Chapter 18

c i a
C.I.A.

Central Intelligence Agency

Spies to gather information abroad

U.S. History Chapter 18

warsaw pact
Warsaw Pact

Military alliance for the Soviet Union and their satellite nations of the Eastern Block

U.S. History Chapter 18

eisenhower doctrine
Eisenhower Doctrine

The U.S. would defend the Middle East against an attack by any communist country

U.S. History Chapter 18

nikita khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev

Becomes the leader of the USSR after Stalin’s death in 1953

U.S. History Chapter 18

space race
Space Race

The competition for international prestige between the U.S. and USSR for exploration of space

U.S. History Chapter 18

francis gary powers u 2
Francis Gary Powers (U-2)

High altitude spy flights over the Soviet Union

FGP was shot down and captured May 1, 1960

U.S. History Chapter 18