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Change and Succession
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  1. Change and Succession Theme: Sustainable Development

  2. PRIMARY SUCCESSION

  3. FROM BARE ROCK TO FOREST

  4. Change and Succession After thousands of years many parts of Canada at best have a few cm of soil or are yet bare rock. Where forests, prairies and other ecosystems exist the process called “succession”has shaped them from a barren landscape.(Notice how the process succession is closely related to the word success.) Forests, prairies and other ecosystems exist today where there was once barrenness. The process of ecological succession has built on barrenness with pioneer plants. Then the remains of one ecosystem was gradually replaced by another over time. This process of succession can be clearly seen in time capsule form in community zoning.

  5. Bare Rock Succession (soil formation) Pioneer plants are organisms that can live in places without soil or shelter. Pioneer Plants: These lichens are pioneer plants.

  6. The community zones seen as bands of vegetation on this rock mark a time capsule of succession from bare rock to forest. FOREST (climax community) ecotone lichens (pioneer plants) bare rock

  7. Pause and Reflect: • The process called ecological “succession” gradually replaces one community with another that has better adapted plants and animals until a balanced climax community is reached. • A climax community will remain balanced,successful with its limiting factors. • Is this climax community balance permanent? • A climax community will remain balanced with its limiting factors until a natural or manmade event, like fire changes the limiting factors. • Then a secondary succession will take place on the remains of the old ecosystem. Ecological “succession” will againgradually replace one community with another community until a similar climax community is reached.

  8. Secondary Succession after 17years

  9. Climax Community

  10. Conclusion: • The process called ecological “succession” gradually replaces one community with another community that has better adapted plants and animals until a balanced climax community is reached. • A climax community will remain balanced with its limiting factors until a natural or manmade event, like fire changes the limiting factors. • Then a secondary succession will take place on the remains of the old ecosystem. Ecological “succession” will againgradually replace one community with another until a similar climax community is reached.

  11. OPEN Research Opportunity • There are satellites in earth orbit dedicated to watching changes in the earth’s surface particularly vegetation of forested areas deserts . . . • First choose the satellite RADARSAT @http://www.fourmilab.to/earthview/satellite.html • This along with the others is a live satellite eye. Use it to explore rainforest areas to find evidence of deforestation. • Can the historic archive of observations also be viewed and compared with the present? • What did you find? Can you see evidence of deforestation? • Take screenshots to support your conclusions.

  12. Change and Succession Presentation 2001 Terry Knock Picture Files2000