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Party Politics in Antebellum Ohio. Ohio votes, 1992-2004. Ohio votes, 1832-1844. Party politics. What is characteristic of a political party? What is a faction? How have party’s in Ohio developed and changed?. Party system theory.

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party politics
Party politics
  • What is characteristic of a political party?
  • What is a faction?
  • How have party’s in Ohio developed and changed?
party system theory
Party system theory
  • Factions sort themselves into two distinct parties to address the urgent issues of the day
  • A crisis that cuts across party lines causes the major parties to fracture
  • A realignment of factions or interests into two “new” parties occurs
party system theory1
Party system theory
  • 1st party system (1796-1814)
    • Federalist v Republican
  • 2nd party system (1832-1850)
    • Democrat v Whig
  • 3rd party system (1856-1890)
    • Republican v Democrat
  • 4th party system (1896-1932)
    • Republican v Democrat
factors structuring politics in frontier ohio
Factors structuring politics in frontier Ohio
  • Arthur St. Clair, the Federalists, and the Northwest Ordinance
    • “court” faction
    • “country” faction
  • Settlement patterns
the election of 1804
The election of 1804
  • Republicans sweep the election of state offices
  • Federalists destroyed as a state-wide entity, although they remain strong in the southeast and individual Federalist gain office
  • Run-up to the War of 1812 pushes all Ohioans into pro-War, Republican camp
an era of good feelings
An “era of good feelings”?
  • In most counties, factional politics comes to fore
  • “Party” as an organizing principle nearly disappears
  • Republicans dominated state politics until sectional crisis of 1820
  • Republican block began to fracture before the Jacksonian revolution
    • National Republicans (followers of John Q. Adams)
the founder of the second party system
The “founder” of the “second party system”
  • Old Hickory
  • His issues
    • The Bank
    • “Rotation”
      • Patronage
      • Spoils system
    • The courts
  • Was he a demagogue or potential dictator?
the second founder
The second “founder”
  • Henry Clay
  • The American System
    • Domestic improvements.
    • Tariffs.
    • Class concord rather than conflict.
    • Respectability.
  • Few “swing” counties (5/75).
  • Handful of marginal counties (10/75).
  • Victory hinged upon
    • Uniting party factions
    • Building party organization.
    • Turnout.
  • The more things change, the more they stay the same.
the 3rd party system
The 3rd Party System
  • Collapse of the Whig party over sectional differences
  • Consolidation of the anti-Democrats into the Fusion party (1854) in response to Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Whigs, Free Soil
  • Creation of the Republican party
thomas corwin 1794 1865
Thomas Corwin1794-1865
  • An attorney, raised in Lebanon Ohio
  • Five terms in House
  • Governor, 1840-1842
  • Senate, 1844-1850
  • Popular orator (Wagon Boy), anti-War Whig, anti-slavery but sought to preserve the Union during 1858-1860
  • Ambassador to Mexico
  • Donald Ratcliffe, The Politics of Long Division. The Birth of the Second Party System in Ohio (Columbus: OSU Press, 2000).
  • Donald Ratcliffe, Party Politics in Frontier Ohio. Democratic Politics in Ohio, 1793-1821 (Columbus: OSU Press, 1998).
  • Stephen Maizlish, The Rise of American Democracy (Kent State University Press, 1988).
internet resources
Internet resources