Indian Generic Drug Industry in the Post- WTO World . Srividhya Ragavan University of Oklahoma Law Center. Post – WTO era. Post – WTO world Normative rule based structure Benefit: We can maneuver within the rules Difficulty: We have to learn to play by the rules How do we play by the rules
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University of Oklahoma Law Center
• a flexible waterproof plastic trash bag
• premanufactured orange color
• facial indicia
• opening across width of bag
• filled with leaves or other material and
closed at top
Problem: Unsightly trash bags
In Re Dembiczak, 175 F. 3d 994 (1999)
System and method for providing reservations for restroom use
Assignee: IBM (filed Aug. 2000)
The present invention is an apparatus, system, and method for providing reservations for restroom use. In one embodiment, a passenger on an airplane may submit a reservation request to the system for restroom use. The reservation system determines when the request can be accommodated and notifies the passenger when a restroom becomes available. The system improves airline safety by minimizing the time passengers spent standing while an airplane is in flight.
What is claimed is:
1. A method of providing reservations for restroom use, comprising:
receiving a reservation request from a user; and notifying the user when the restroom is available for his or her use.
Software Patent Lawsuits
Open bidding on keywords and tight relevancy standards produce relevant results.
Ability to achieve industry targets by using appropriate instruments (& this is NOT the Patent Act)
Example of product by process claim (Atlantic Thermoplastics & Indian generic industry).
The Federal Circuit ruled that the use of a different process did not amount to an infringement of the product-by-process claim.
Example of Indian Patent Amendment Act, 2005 – section 3 (d) exclusion for salts, esters, ethers, polymorphs, metabolites, …unless they differ significantly in properties with regard to efficacy.
Purpose Limited Product Claims of Europe
Ability to distinguish through claims by educating judges on the role of claims
Patents distinguished through one or more claims
A method of placing an order for an item comprising:
under control of a client system,
displaying information identifying the item; and
in response to only a single action being performed, sending a request to order the item along with an identifier of a purchaser of the item to a server system;
under control of a single-action ordering component of the server system;
receiving the request;
retrieving additional information previously stored for the purchaser . . .; and
generating an order to purchase the requested item . . .
fulfilling the generated order . . .
whereby the item is ordered without using a shopping cart ordering model.
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