Therapeutic Taping for the Elbow, Wrist and Hand - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Therapeutic Taping for the Elbow, Wrist and Hand
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Therapeutic Taping for the Elbow, Wrist and Hand

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  1. Therapeutic Tapingfor theElbow, Wrist and Hand Dr. Dyanna Haley-Rezac, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS, CKTP Dr. Scott Rezac, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS, CKTP, CEAS

  2. Carpal Tunnel SyndromeModified Technique • Single strip with moderate stretch • Diamond cut-outs over 2nd & 3rd • Apply in wrist extension • Extend up medial forearm • Space Correction • On dorsum to open volar surface Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  3. BrachioradialisKinesio® Technique • Facilitate elbow flexion and forearm supination • Kinesio® Technique • Supinate forearm and flex elbow to about 45 degrees • Apply with a mod to max stretch to the brachioradialism • Modified Technique Practical Application • Tape over brachioradialis moderate stretch with wrist in flexion and elbow extension, pronation Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  4. SupinatorKinesio® Technique • Inhibit or Facilitate Supination • Modified Kinesio® Technique • Apply a single strip to the lateral epicondyle with the forearm in full pronation and slight elbow flexion • Apply the tape with appropriate stretch for functional outcome Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  5. Pronator TeresKinesio® Technique • Faciliate or inhibit pronation • Modified Kinesio® Technique • With the forearm in supination and slight flexion, apply a single strip to the medial humeral epicondyle • Apply the tape with appropriate stretch towards the lateral forearm to the proximal third of the Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  6. Extensor Digiti MinimiKinesio® Technique • Facilitate finger extension and assist with wrist extension • Apply a ½ single strip with a split placing the tails on the 4th & 5th dorsal digits • With the hand and fingers in flexion, apply tape with a mod to max stretch towards the lateral epicondyle of the humerus Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  7. TenosynovitisKinesio® Technique • Decrease inflammation and inhibit overuse • Apply an extensor pollicislongus taping with minimal stretch (for protection phase, during strengthening change to facilitation) • Space correction anatomical snuff box Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  8. Valgus Laxity of Elbow(Mechanical Correction)Athletic Training • Reinforced for extreme laxity or throwing sports • Two single strips maximal stretch medial elbow • Two single strips in X over medial elbow Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  9. Elbow HyperextensionAthletic Training • Two single strips maximal stretch anterior elbow • Two single strips in X over anterior elbow Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  10. Olecranon BursitisSpace Correction Technique • Space Correction strips over olecranon bursa Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  11. Lateral Epiconylitis(Tennis Elbow)Athletic, Mulligan & Kinesio® • Place 2nd & 3rd digits through the diamonds and apply end of strip to palmar aspect of hand • Apply single strip towards lateral epicondyle with appropriate stretch • Protection, minimal • Strengthening, mod to max • Can also unload • Mulligan lateral glide Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  12. Taping for chronic Lateral EpicondylalgiaImprovement in Grip & Pain • Vicenzio B et al. Links Initial effects of elbow taping on pain-free grip strength and pressure pain threshold. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003 Jul;33(7):400-7. • The taping technique significantly improved pain-free grip strength by 24% from baseline (P = .028). The treatment effect was greater than that for placebo and control conditions. Changes in pressure pain threshold (19%), although positive, were not statistically significant. Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  13. Kinesio® Taping for Lateral EpicondylalgiaUS Images Indicate Improved Motion • Liu YH et al. Links Motion tracking on elbow tissue from ultrasonic image sequence for patients with lateral epicondylitis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc; 2007:95-8. • The experimental results show that Kinesio® Taping makes the motion of muscle on the ultrasonic images enlarge. It means that the performance of muscle motion improves. Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  14. Medial Epicondylitis(Golfer’s Elbow)Kinesio® & Mulligan • Same as lateral epicondyle with diamond cut-out, but over flexor group • Mulligan medial glide Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  15. Trigger FingerAthletic Training • Facilitate extension • Apply a ½ single strip with split tails around the involved distal phalanx • With the wrist and fingers in flexion, apply tape with a mod to max stretch Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  16. Mallet FingerAthletic Training • Apply a ½ single strip to distal palmar aspect of involved digit and wrap around to the dorsal finger with no tension • While holding the distal phalanx in extension, apply maximum tension to approximately 1” distal to MCP • Continue lying tape down with minimal tension with the finger flexed • Anchor tip of finger Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  17. Taping Fingers • 1” or ½ single strip tape can be utilized for mallet/trigger /swan-neck/ boutonnière, tendonosis, immobilization. • Tape according to what you want to accomplish: • Extension of DIP – maximal stretch dorsal joint • Normal motion of PIP – no stretch • Flexion of DIP – maximal stretch volar joint • Collateral ligament protection / Unload one joint with space corrections on either side of joint, anchor the ends Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  18. Taping Fingers • Tape according to what you want to accomplish: • Decrease strain on flexor tendon – tape with moderate stretch on volar surface of digit along muscle • Immobilize a digit – “Buddy Tape” two fingers together with two 1” strips • Space correction over entrapment site Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  19. Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain(Gamekeeper’s / Skier’s Thumb)Athletic Training & Kinesio® Technique • Ligament correction to the ulnar side of the 1st MCP with 1” or ½ straight strip with maximal stretch • Second 1” strip in a figure 8 around the thumb and wrist to provide adduction pressure • Edema strips can be used in the acute phase for swelling Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  20. Clinical Evidence-Based • Select pre/post test based on your purpose of taping: • Pain • rating scales (VAS) • % perceived improvement • at rest / re-test aggravating activities • Strength testing • grip / pinch dynamometer • Number of reps against a fixed resistance (endurance) Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  21. Clinical Evidence-Based • AROM – increased range, improved pain • Dexterity Tests (standardized) • Functional Activities • Grip, lift, slice, chop, cut with scissors, typing, writing • ADL and occupational • Outcome Measures • Volumetric Measures Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  22. Upper Quarter Summary • Evidence-Based Practice • Research is limited to lower tiers of pyramid • Small Subject Size, Case Studies • Significant portion based on “normal” subjects • Lacking Large Subject, RCT, published in peer-reviewed journals • Very few articles comparing similar techniques • Utilize Objective Measures (* Sign) to document efficacy and validate use • Tape for function, then pain (pain generally follows function) Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand

  23. Questions, Comments, Discussion dyanna.rezac@rezacpt.com scott.rezac@rezacpt.com www.rezacpt.com Scott & Dyanna Rezac - Taping Elbow, Wrist & Hand