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Horse Health Evaluation. Leah Martin - AgEd 410, Spring 2013. Core Area: Animal Science Unit Title: Animal Health Topic: Animal Health Evaluation in Horses and Cattle Code: CLF272. Objectives:. Upon completion of this lesson the student will be able to:

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horse health evaluation
Horse Health Evaluation

Leah Martin - AgEd 410, Spring 2013

slide2
Core Area: Animal Science
  • Unit Title: Animal Health
  • Topic: Animal Health Evaluation in Horses and Cattle
  • Code: CLF272
objectives
Objectives:
  • Upon completion of this lesson the student will be able to:
      • Identify normal and abnormal behavior in animals.
      • Identify unhealthy animals by using both visual and non-visual indicators of health.
      • Identify a horse’s vitals.
slide5
The OWNER is the most vital link ... to the continued and progressive health of animals and also can interpret symptoms of illness and convey those to a health professional.
slide6
In order to interpret irregular behavior as an illness or lack of health, one must first understand the normal behaviorof the animal.
use your senses
Use Your Senses...
  • A physical evaluation of an animal involves using all 5 senses:
        • Listening, Touching, Seeing, Smelling, and at times Tasting!
slide9
1. Inspection at a distance should be done first, look at the animals,
      • Sleeping Habits
      • Eating Habits
      • Posture
      • Gait
      • Breathing
      • Physical Condition
slide10
2. Next, Restrain the animal and note the following:
        • Temperature (99-101)
        • Heart Rate (36-42 BPM)
        • Respiratory Rate (8-12/min)
let s watch a video
Let’s Watch a Video...

Click HERE if video does not play.

3 systemic examination of major body areas
3. Systemic examination of major body areas...

Noting amount of…

Nose,

Mouth,

Eyes,

Ears,

Uro-Genital,

Anus,

Any Wounds

  • Color
  • Turbidity (Cloudiness)
  • Odor and
  • Consistency of discharges from body openings:
4 continue to review external body surfaces
4. Continue to review external body surfaces:
  • Look for changes in color, size, shape indicating abnormalities.
  • Evaluate the following:
check the following evaluate the
Check the following:Evaluate The...
  • Status of hydration (Check Skin)
  • Color of mucus membranes (Pink)
  • Capillary refill time (2 seconds)
  • Mouth/Throat
  • Ears
evaluate the
Evaluate The...
  • Ribs
  • Legs/Feet
  • Genitals
  • Hair coat/Skin
  • Swelling/Wounds
evaluate the1
Evaluate The...
  • Position of animal (Horses spend most of their time standing up. If they are down for extended periods of time something is wrong.)
  • Temperature (99-101)
  • Milk production (If mare is pregnant)
  • Possibility of animal being in pain
slide17
5. After a thorough review, the symptoms and clinical signs will serve to narrow and determine the source of the problem...
slide18
An important symptom of any animal is pain and it should always be a major concern when evaluating an animal’s overall health.
slide19
Pain...
  • Pain can be indicated by an animal in many ways, including:
        • 1) Irritability
        • 2) Avoidance of certain activities
        • 3) Atypical fear
        • 4) Demeanor
        • 5) Loss of appetite
let s put you to the test
Let’s Put You to the TEST!
  • Find a partner sitting next to you, and discuss the following...
    • Situation 1: You notice your horse has been laying down for several hours and does not appear to be alert. Do you think that this is considered normal or abnormal behavior? Find a partner and discuss.
test time
Test Time!
  • Find a partner sitting next to you, and discuss the following...
    • Situation 2: You notice your horse has not been eating all day. With your partner, come up with some ways you think might fix this problem...
any questions
Any Questions??
  • Let’s take a few minutes to answer any questions...
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