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MORAL ISSUE #6: ABORTION. Definition Abortion- the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. Question: How long has abortion been around? . A Brief History of Abortion

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slide2

Definition

Abortion- the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus.

slide3

Question:

How long has abortion been around?

slide4

A Brief History of Abortion

The history of abortion, according to anthropologists, dates back to ancient times. There is evidence to suggest that, historically, pregnancies were terminated through a number of methods, including the administration of abortifacient herbs, the use of sharpened implements, the application of abdominal pressure, and other techniques.

In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the 1820s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the American Medical Association, and legislators, most abortions in the US had been outlawed by 1900.

Illegal abortions were still frequent, though they became less frequent during the reign of the Comstock Law which essentially banned birth control information and devices.

By 1965, all fifty states banned abortion, with some exceptions which varied by state: to save the life of the mother, in cases of rape or incest, or if the fetus was deformed. Groups like the National Abortion Rights Action League and the Clergy Consultation Service on Abortion worked to liberalize anti-abortion laws.

The Supreme Court in 1973, in the case of Roe v. Wade, declared most existing state abortion laws unconstitutional. This decision ruled out any legislative interference in the first trimester of pregnancy and put limits on what restrictions could be passed on abortions in later stages of pregnancy.

slide5

Question:

What are the current laws in the U.S. regarding abortion?

slide6

In January 22, 1973 the famous Roe vs. Wade case was decided by the Supreme Court.

The central holding of Roe v. Wade was that abortions are permissible for any reason a woman chooses, up until the "point at which the fetus becomes ‘viable,’ that is, potentially able to live outside the mother's womb, albeit with artificial aid. Viability is usually placed at about seven months (28 weeks) but may occur earlier, even at 24 weeks.“

More specifically, the ruling was that during the first three months of pregnancy the decision to abort rests solely with the woman and her doctor; during the second three months, the State can regulate the abortion procedure to protect maternal health; during the third three months, when the fetus is viable, the State can regulate or even prohibit abortion except when it is necessary for the mother’s mental or physical health.

The decision overturned all state and federal laws outlawing or restricting abortion that were inconsistent with its holdings. Roe is one of the most controversial and politically significant cases in U.S. Supreme Court history.

slide7

In June 2005, Texas Governor Rick Perry signed and put into effect in the state of Texas a new, tougher measure that requires a parent to provide written consent for abortion for unmarried girls under 18. The bill also restricts doctors from performing abortions on women who have carried a child for more than 26 weeks [third trimester] unless having the baby would jeopardize the woman's life or the baby has serious brain damage.

slide8

Question:

How big of a problem is abortion in the world today?

slide9

STARTLING STATISTICS

Number of Reported Abortions Performed in the U.S. from 1972-1995

1972: 586,760

1976: 988,267

1980: 1,297,606

1985: 1,328,570

1990: 1,429,577

1991: 1,388,937

1992: 1,359,145

1993: 1,330,414

1994: 1,267,415

1995: 1,210,883

Number of abortions performed by weeks of gestation in 1995 in 35 states:

8 weeks: 340,109

9-10 weeks: 142,893

11-12 weeks: 67,392

13-15 weeks: 38,634

16-20 weeks: 27,411

21 weeks: 8,862

Total:625,301

slide10

World Abortion Statistics

  • 54countries allow abortion, which is about 61 percent of the world population.  97 countries, about 39 percent of the population, have abortion laws that make it illegal according to the pro-abortion Center for Reproductive Law and Policy in New York.
  • The Alan Guttmacher Institute reports approximately 22 million legal abortions were reported in 1987.
  • It is estimated that between four and nine million were not reported, totaling of 26-31 million legal abortions in 1987 alone.
  • There were a total of 10-22 million "clandestine” [secret] abortions, bringing the total worldwide figure to 36 and 53 million abortions.
  • France – Legalized Peru - IllegalBritain – Legalized Brazil - IllegalSwitzerland – Legalized Australia - LegalizedDenmark – legalized China -LegalizedHungary – Legalized United States - LegalizedRomania – Legalized Russia - LegalizedPoland – IllegalItaly - LegalizedColombia – Illegal Mexico - Illegal
slide11

A Roman Catholic Cardinal, pleading for the “Right to Life Amendment,” said, “Every nine days, there are as many deaths by abortion as there were in the entire ten years of the Vietnam War.” (1974)

Dr. Bernard Nathanson, the former director of New York’s first abortion clinic, is convinced that he supervised the taking of 60,000 lives. (1976)

It was stated in Chicago, “One out of every three children conceived will be aborted here this year…An estimated 200 abortions will be performed each day in Chicago.” (1973).

In 1974, about 900,000 abortions were performed in the U.S. The rate in Russia is about ten times higher or about ten million abortions per year. (1976)

slide12

Questions:

Was the U.S. Supreme Court right?

Does an embryo and/or a fetus not constitute a human life?

slide13

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death-the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide15

The First Trimester

The picture above is a fertilized egg only thirty hours after conception. Magnified here, it is no larger than the head of a pin. Still rapidly dividing, the developing embryo, called a zygote at this stage, floats down from the fallopian tube and towards the uterus.

slide16

Week 3

At this point, the blastocyst, or developing embryo, is looking for a spot to implant in the uterus. The foundation of the central nervous system, backbone, and spinal column has been established by 19 days. The gastrointestinal system has also begun to develop with the kidneys, liver, and intestines forming. The baby’s eyes begin to form at 19 days. The heart has begun to form and has begun to beat by day twenty-one.

Week 4

Hormones produced by the embryo stop the mother's menstrual cycle.

slide18

Week 5

By the beginning of the second month, the unborn child looks distinctly human, yet the mother is not aware that she is pregnant. The embryo's tiny heart begins to beat by day twenty-one. The brain has developed into 5 areas and some cranial nerves are visible. Arm and leg buds are visible and the formation of the eyes, lips, and nose has begun. The spinal cord grows faster than the rest of the body giving a tail like appearance which disappears as the embryo continues to grow. The placenta begins to provide nourishment for the embryo. The stomach produces digestive juices, the liver manufactures blood cells, and the kidneys are functioning.

slide19

Week 7

Major organs have all begun to form. The embryo has developed its own blood type, unique from the mother's. Hair follicles and nipples form and knees and elbows are visible. Facial features are also observable. The eyes have a retina and lens. The major muscle system is developed and the embryo is able to move.

slide20

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death- the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide23

Week 8

The embryo is reactive to its environment inside the amniotic sac where it swims and moves. Hands and feet can be seen. At the end of week 8, the embryonic period is over and the fetal stage begins. After week 8, no further original organs will form—everything that is already present will be found in the full-term baby.From this point until adulthood, when full growth is achieved somewhere between 25 and 27 years, the changes in the body will be mainly in dimension.

slide25

Weeks 9-12

The heart is almost completely developed

and the heart rate can be heard on a Doppler

machine at the doctor's office. Most major

organs and tissues have developed and red

blood cells are now produced in the liver.

The face is well formed and the eyes are

almost fully developed. The eyelids will close

and not reopen until the 28th week. Arms,

hands, fingers, legs, feet, and toes are fully

formed.Nails and earlobes start to form and

tooth buds develop in the gums. Fetus can

make a fist with its finger. Testosterone

(male sex hormone) is produced by the

testes in male fetus.

In the third month, the child becomes very active and by the end of the month kicks his legs, turns his feet, moves his thumbs, bends his wrists, turns his head, frowns, squints, and opens his mouth.

slide26

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death-the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide28

The Second Trimester

Weeks 13-16

The brain is fully developed and the fetus can suck, swallow, and make irregular breathing sounds. Fetus can feel pain (New England Journal of Medicine). Fetal skin is almost transparent. Muscles tissue is lengthening and bones are becoming harder. Liver and organs produce appropriate fluids. Eyebrows and eyelashes appear and the fetus makes active movements including kicks and even somersaults.

16 weeks

slide33

Week 20

“Quickening” (when the mother can feel the fetus moving) usually occurs around this time. Finger and toenails appear. Lanugo, a fine hair, now covers the entire body. The fetus can hear and recognize the mother’s voice. Sex organs are visible on ultrasound devices.

slide34

A picture began circulating in November. It should be The Picture of the Year, or perhaps, Picture of the Decade. The picture is that of a 21-week-old unborn baby named Samuel Alexander Armas, who is being operated on by a surgeon named Joseph Bruner. The baby was diagnosed with spina bifida and would not survive if removed from his mother's womb.

Little Samuel's mother, Julie Armas, is an obstetrics nurse in Atlanta. She knew of Dr. Bruner's remarkable surgical procedure. Practicing at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, he performs these special operations while the baby is still in the womb.

During the procedure, the doctor removes the uterus via C-section and makes a small incision to operate on the baby.

As Dr. Bruner completed the surgery on little Samuel, the little guy reached his tiny, but fully developed, hand through the incision and firmly grasped the surgeon's finger. Dr. Bruner was reported as saying that when his finger was grasped, it was the most emotional moment of his life, and that for an instant during the procedure he was just frozen, totally immobile.

The photograph captures this amazing event with perfect clarity. The editors titled the picture, “Hand of Hope.” The text explaining the picture begins, “The tiny hand of 21-week-old fetus Samuel Alexander Armas emerges from the mother's uterus to grasp the finger of Dr. Joseph Bruner as if thanking the doctor for the gift of life.”

Little Samuel's mother said they wept for days when they saw the picture. She said, “The photo that reminds us of my pregnancy isn't about disability or an illness, it's about a little person.”

Samuel was born in perfect health, the operation 100 per cent successful. Now see the actual picture, and it is awesome... incredible. And hey, pass it on. The world needs to see this one.

slide36

The Third Trimester

Week 24

A protective waxy substance called Vernix covers the skin. By birth, most of the Vernix will be gone but any that is left is quickly absorbed. Fetus has a hand and startle reflex. Footprints and fingerprints are forming. Fetus practices breathing by inhaling amniotic fluid into its developing lungs.

Weeks 25 - 28

Rapid brain development occurs during this period and the nervous system is able to control some bodily functions. The fetus’ eyelids now open and close. At 25 weeks there is a 60% chance of survival if born. The fetus is considered legally viable at 28 weeks and there is a 90% chance of survival if born at this point.

Weeks 29 - 32

There is a rapid increase in the amount of body fat the fetus has. Rhythmic breathing occurs, but the lungs are not yet mature. The fetus sleeps 90-95% of the day. At this point there the survival rate is above 95% if the baby is born.

slide37

Weeks 38 - 40

The fetus is considered full-term. Lanugo is gone except on upper arms and shoulders. Hair on the baby’s head is now coarser and thicker. The lungs are mature. The average weight of the baby at this point is seven and a half pounds. At birth the placenta detaches from the uterus and the umbilical cord will be cut as the baby takes his first breaths of air. Breathing will trigger changes in the heart and bypass arteries forcing all blood to now travel through the lungs.

slide43

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death- the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide44

Abortion:

What Does God Think About It?

slide45

Definition

Abortion- the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus.

slide46

Question:

How long has abortion been around?

slide47

A Brief History of Abortion

The history of abortion, according to anthropologists, dates back to ancient times. In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the 1820s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the American Medical Association, and legislators, most abortions in the US had been outlawed by 1900.

By 1965, all fifty states banned abortion, with some exceptions which varied by state: to save the life of the mother, in cases of rape or incest, or if the fetus was deformed. Groups like the National Abortion Rights Action League and the Clergy Consultation Service on Abortion worked to liberalize anti-abortion laws.

The Supreme Court in 1973, in the case of Roe v. Wade, declared most existing state abortion laws unconstitutional. This decision ruled out any legislative interference in the first trimester of pregnancy and put limits on what restrictions could be passed on abortions in later stages of pregnancy.

slide48

Question:

What are the current laws in the U.S. regarding abortion?

slide49

In January 22, 1973 the famous Roe vs. Wade case was decided by the Supreme Court. The ruling was that during the first three months of pregnancy the decision to abort rests solely with the woman and her doctor; during the second three months, the State can regulate the abortion procedure to protect maternal health; during the third three months, when the fetus is viable, the State can regulate or even prohibit abortion except when it is necessary for the mother’s mental or physical health.

The decision overturned all state and federal laws outlawing or restricting abortion that were inconsistent with its holdings. Roe is one of the most controversial and politically significant cases in U.S. Supreme Court history.

slide50

In June 2005, Texas Governor Rick Perry signed and put into effect in the state of Texas a new, tougher measure that restricts doctors from performing abortions on women who have carried a child for more than 26 weeks [third trimester] unless having the baby would jeopardize the woman's life or the baby has serious brain damage.

slide51

STARTLING STATISTICS

Number of Reported Abortions Performed in the U.S. from 1972-1995

1972: 586,760

1976: 988,267

1980: 1,297,606

1985: 1,328,570

1990: 1,429,577

1991: 1,388,937

1992: 1,359,145

1993: 1,330,414

1994: 1,267,415

1995: 1,210,883

Number of abortions performed by weeks of gestation in 1995 in 35 states:

8 weeks: 340,109

9-10 weeks: 142,893

11-12 weeks: 67,392

13-15 weeks: 38,634

16-20 weeks: 27,411

21 weeks: 8,862

Total:625,301

slide52

World Abortion Statistics

  • 54countries allow abortion, which is about 61 percent of the world population.  97 countries, about 39 percent of the population, have abortion laws that make it illegal according to the pro-abortion Center for Reproductive Law and Policy in New York.
  • The Alan Guttmacher Institute reports approximately 22 million legal abortions were reported in 1987.
  • It is estimated that between four and nine million were not reported, totaling of 26-31 million legal abortions in 1987 alone.
  • There were a total of 10-22 million "clandestine” [secret] abortions, bringing the total worldwide figure to 36 and 53 million abortions.
  • France – Legalized Peru - IllegalBritain – Legalized Brazil - IllegalSwitzerland – Legalized Australia - LegalizedDenmark – legalized China -LegalizedHungary – Legalized United States - LegalizedRomania – Legalized Russia - LegalizedPoland – IllegalItaly - LegalizedColombia – Illegal Mexico - Illegal
slide53

Questions:

Was the U.S. Supreme Court right?

Does an embryo and/or a fetus not constitute a human life?

slide54

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death-the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide56

Week 3

At this point, the blastocyst, or developing embryo, is looking for a spot to implant in the uterus. The foundation of the central nervous system, backbone, and spinal column has been established by 19 days. The gastrointestinal system has also begun to develop with the kidneys, liver, and intestines forming. The baby’s eyes begin to form at 19 days. The heart has begun to form and has begun to beat by day twenty-one

slide58

Week 7

Major organs have all begun to form. The embryo has developed its own blood type, unique from the mother's. Hair follicles and nipples form and knees and elbows are visible. Facial features are also observable. The eyes have a retina and lens. The major muscle system is developed and the embryo is able to move.

slide59

Week 8

The embryo is reactive to its environment inside the amniotic sac where it swims and moves. Hands and feet can be seen. At the end of week 8, the embryonic period is over and the fetal stage begins. After week 8, no further original organs will form—everything that is already present will be found in the full-term baby.From this point until adulthood, when full growth is achieved somewhere between 25 and 27 years, the changes in the body will be mainly in dimension.

slide61

The Second Trimester

Weeks 13-16

The brain is fully developed and the fetus can suck, swallow, and make irregular breathing sounds. Fetus can feel pain (New England Journal of Medicine). Fetal skin is almost transparent. Muscles tissue is lengthening and bones are becoming harder. Liver and organs produce appropriate fluids. Eyebrows and eyelashes appear and the fetus makes active movements including kicks and even somersaults.

16 weeks

slide68

Definitions

Life- (1)the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body. (2) an organismic state characterized by capacity [potential] for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction. (3) the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual.

Death- the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity : the end of life

slide69

Questions:

Does God consider abortion to be right or wrong?

What does the Bible say that relates to the issue of abortion?

slide70

Nowhere in the Bible does it say "Thou shalt not abort your children."

Yet, neither will you find specific words forbidding suicide, infanticide (killing newborn children), or same-sex marriages. Yet, the Bible clearly teaches us that these things are wrong.

slide71

A. The Bible condemns the shedding of innocent life:

Few people would argue this point. The Bible clearly prohibits taking the life of an innocent person. It follows that if the developing baby is a "qualified" member of the human race, all of these scriptures apply:

Genesis 9:6 - Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God He made man.

Exodus 20:13 - You shall not murder.

Deuteronomy 27:25a - Cursed is he who accepts a bribe to strike down an innocent person.

Proverbs 6:16-19 - There are six things which the LORD hates, yes, seven which are an abomination to Him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood...

See also Exodus 23:7 and Deuteronomy 19:11-12

slide72

B. A child is a "person" whether born or unborn:

The Bible consistently uses the same word for a "born" or "unborn" baby. This is because the divine Author of the Bible did not recognize a material difference between the two.

In Scripture, there is not some special event when a "human being" becomes a "person". Rather, he or she is a person from the beginning who goes through growth and development both inside and outside of the womb.

slide73

In the New Testament the Greek word "brephos" is used to describe the unborn, newborns, and youth.

In Luke 1:44, the word is used to mean unborn baby: "For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy."

Then, in Luke 2:12, it means a newborn: "So they came in a hurry and found their way to Mary and Joseph, and the baby as He lay in the manger."

And in Luke 18:15, "brephos" refers to a young child: "And they were bringing even their babies to Him so that He would touch them, but when the disciples saw it, they began rebuking them."

slide74

In the Old Testament the Hebrew word "yeled" is used in the same way. In Exodus 21:22 it means an unborn child, "If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that she gives birth prematurely...". And yet, in other Old Testament usages, it means "youth" or even a teenager.

As late as the 16th century in our own culture, "child" was the word used for both the born and unborn baby. Late in the game, we have developed a new word, "fetus", to describe a developing baby (even this word is defined in some dictionaries as an "unborn human being"). Today, we often reserve the word "child" for a person already born.

slide75

God established laws that had those who took the life of an unborn child killed :

  • Exodus 21: 22-25
  • (King James Version)
  • 22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart[from her], and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine].  
  • 23 Andif [any] mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,  
  • 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,  
  • 25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.  
  • (New King James)
  • 22 " If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman's husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine.]  
  • 23 "But if [any] harm follows, then you shall give life for life,  
  • 24 "eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,  
  • 25 "burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.  
slide76

Exodus 21: 22-25

(American Standard Version)

22 And if men strive together, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart, and yet no harm follow; he shall be surely fined, according as the woman's husband shall lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.  

23 But if any harm follow, then thou shalt give life for life,  

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,  

25 burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

(New Amercian Standard Version)

22 "If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that she gives birth prematurely, yet there is no injury, he shall surely be fined as the woman's husband may demand of him, and he shall pay as the judges decide.  

23 "But if there is any further injury, then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,  

25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

slide77

2 Kings 8:12

And Hazael said, "Why is my lord weeping?" He answered, "Because I know the evil that you will do to the children of Israel: Their strongholds you will set on fire, and their young men you will kill with the sword; and you will dash their children, and rip open their women with child.”

Amos 1:13

Thus says the LORD: "For three transgressions of the people of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away its [punishment,] Because they ripped open the women with child in Gilead, That they might enlarge their territory.  

slide78

D. According to the Bible, God knew you before you were born:

Psalm 139:13-16. For You formed my inward parts; You wove me in my mother’s womb. I will give thanks to You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; wonderful are Your works, and my soul knows it very well. My frame was not hidden from You, when I was made in secret, and skillfully wrought in the depths of the earth; Your eyes have seen my unformed substance; and in Your book were all written the days that were ordained for me, when as yet there was not one of them.

Luke 1:15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will drink no wine or liquor, and he [John the Baptist] will be filled with the Holy Spirit while yet in his mother’s womb.

Jeremiah. 1:5Before I formed you [Jeremiah] in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you.

slide84

E. Early church leaders recognized the Bible’s prohibition of abortion:

One of the reasons that the Bible does not contain specific references to abortion is the prohibition was completely covered in "Thou shall not murder." Israelites well understood this to mean killing by sword, by strangulation, by poison, by abortion, and by all other means. Later, as the church began to spread to the Gentile cultures that did not share the Israelite traditions, specific prohibitions were written. Church leaders and others consistently forbade the practice of abortion based upon their understanding of the Bible.

Below are examples:

"Thou shalt not slay the child by procuring abortion; nor, again, shalt thou destroy it after it is born" (Letter of Barnabas 19 from 74 AD).

"…And these were the accursed who conceived and caused abortion" (The Apocalypse of Peter 25, 137 AD).

"You shall not procure abortion, nor destroy a newborn child" (Didache 2:1 from 150 AD).

slide85

"There are some women among you who by drinking special potions extinguish the life of the future human in their very bowels, thus committing murder before they even give birth." (Mark Felix, Christian Lawyer, Octavius chap. 30 from 170 AD).

"The law of Moses, indeed, punishes with due penalties the man who shall cause abortion (see Ex. 21:22) Tertullian, 210 AD.

"Now we allow that life begins with conception because we contend that the soul also begins from conception; life taking its commencement at the same moment and place that the soul does" (Tertullian, Apology 27 from 210 AD).

"Women also who administer drugs to cause abortion, as well as those who take poisons to destroy unborn children, are murderesses." (First Canonical Letter from 374 AD).

"The law, moreover enjoins us to bring up all our offspring, and forbids women to cause abortion of what is begotten, or to destroy it afterward; and if any woman appears to have so done, she will be a murderer of her child, by destroying a living creature, and diminishing humankind." (The Works of Josephus, Flavius Josephus Against Apion, Book II, 25).

slide86

How should Christians respond?

We need to realize that it is one thing when godless, secular people try to dehumanize the unborn to support their view of abortion on demand. It is quite another matter when these same people attempt to distort scripture and church history to fit their agenda.

There is not a legitimate "pro-choice" position that can be derived from the Bible. To support this position, it would be necessary to use text out of context, ignore the Bible’s attitude toward the young and innocent, and be ignorant of the history of the early church.

God calls each of us to defend the innocent. Christians should elect leaders who share the Biblical view of abortion and support groups working to make abortion unacceptable in our country. Every Christian should know the facts and be ready to defend what the Bible really does say about abortion. And we should pray that God will change the hearts of those promoting the genocide of our nation.