Hagia Sophia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Hagia Sophia The Church of Divine Wisdom

  2. Hagia Sophia (ah-YEE-ah So-FEE-ah) Architect Isidoros and Anthemios Location Istanbul, Turkey Date 532 to 537 AD Building Type Church Style Byzantine Hagia Sophia

  3. History Emperor Justinian ordered the construction of Hagia Sophia after he won a bloody battle over rioting masses. He wanted it to be unique and show the power of the church and state. The construction phase took 5 years, 10 months, and 4 days. The emperor set aside all other items in his life to focus on his church. Hagia Sophia

  4. History In 553 AD part of the church had fallen to an earthquake, it was rebuilt by the son of one of the original architects. He also added buttresses to support the dome.Another earthquake damaged the church in 869 AD which closed it until it could be repaired and reopened in 994 AD Hagia Sophia

  5. History The Turks turned the church into a mosque in 1453 when they conquered Constantinople. Many of the mosaics were painted over and other architectural changes took place. Like the addition of the two minarets in front of the church.In 1935 Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum. Hagia Sophia

  6. Architects Anthemios and Isidoros were the architects ordered to build Hagia Sophia. Isidoros was an architect, Engineer, and Scholar. Anthemios was an experimental scientist and theoretician, who master the technical aspects of architecture. Their work on Hagia Sophia was considered to be more of a math problem than architectural masterpiece. Many concepts in their designs were based off of the examples that the Romans presented. Hagia Sophia

  7. The original portion of the church is 250’ x 230’, which is almost a perfect square. Inside that exterior rectangle is a 100’ square. The dome and the two half domes are the most attractive features. Which are supported by pendentives. massive piers support arches that cross the square to form the high ceiling. Design Hagia Sophia

  8. Design At 107’ in diameter and 180’ high, the dome is Hagia Sophia’s signature piece. A feeling of suspended mass is achieved through the 40 round windows that profile the base of the dome. Also the massive structural supports are hidden , and the dome seems to float. Hagia Sophia

  9. Light suspends the Dome

  10. Church of holy wisdom

  11. Hagia Sophia

  12. Clayton Taylor Two Thousandfour Fall College of the SequoiasDivision of Industry and Technology Instructor: Rolando L. Gonzalez, M. Arch. Architect A.I.A. Arch 70 Architecture History 1