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Alpine Space
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  1. Alpine Space Climate change and the need for adaptation Sabine McCallum

  2. Snow Glaciers Permafrost

  3. Avalanches Steepslopes Mud or debris flows Origin ofrivers

  4. 250 yearsrecordsofclimatedataforthe Alps show … …the Alpine Space isaffectedstrongerthanotherregionswithinandbeyond Europe

  5. 2°C increase of the annual mean temperature compared to pre-industrial times – more than twice the rate of average global warming • Accelerating warming rate over the past decades - higher than predicted by climate models just ten years ago

  6. Changes in precipitation patterns aggravate pre-existing differences between a wetter Northern part and drier leeward part of the Alps in the South • Summers tend to become generally drier • Stronger weather extremes and a higher variability in weather conditions are to be expected

  7. Decreasingsnow cover Glacier melt Soilerosion Permafrost thawing Waterscarcity Changingriverrunoffpatterns Groundwaterrenewal Waterquality Biodiversityloss Drought Natural hazards Heat Floodrisk

  8. All economic sectors of spatial development, regions and citizens in the Alpine Space will be directly and indirectly affected • Limited settlement space • Land use demands for development • Expansion of hazard zones • Land for development is becoming a scarce resource in many Alpine regions, potentially intensifying spatial conflicts over land use

  9. Adaptation to climate change is a process • Adaptation needs to be integrated in our planning and risk management procedures • Successful adaptation shall give us the capacity to manage changing conditions over time, while maximising benefits and minimising costs

  10. Spatial planning has a major steering capacity for adaptation to climate change • Preparing appropriate responses • Applying preventive and anticipatory approaches • Fostering resilient adaptation decisions for coordinating and planning spatial development • Is spatial planning adequately prepared to fulfill adaptation needs? • BUT: • Are spatial planning systems fit to cope with challenges of climate change?

  11. Head of Unit Environmental Impact Assessment and Climate Change umweltbundesamt Environment Agency Austria Sabine McCallum