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Croatian perspective and Regional approach to development of motorways of the sea. Drazen zgaljic Intermodal transport cluster , croatia. Content. Terminology Examples for understanding the terminology System elements Criteria for the sustainable service implementation.

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croatian perspective and regional approach to development of motorways of the sea

CroatianperspectiveandRegionalapproach to development of motorwaysofthesea

Drazen zgaljic

Intermodal transport cluster, croatia

  • Terminology
  • Examples for understandingtheterminology
  • Systemelements
  • Criteria for thesustainableserviceimplementation
  • Regularity,
  • Frequency,
  • Reliability,
  • HighQuality,
  • Integrationintodoor-to-doorlogisticchain.
success criteria of sss mos
Successcriteria of sss/MoS
  • Price – Costof maritime transport combinedwith road transport from origin to destination must be competitive incomparisonto road „door-to-door” serviceswithout the usageof maritime transport.
  • Departure/Arrival Schedule – exacttimesofdepartureandarrival must bedefinedandannounced.
  • Reliability– departuresandarrivals must bereliable as definedandannounced. No deviations are allowedregardlessofthereason, includingadverseweatherconditions.
  • Transit time– maritimetransit time combinedwith a road transport „door-to-door” service must besimilar to theroad transport transit time ofthe same service.
  • Portefficiency– portefficiency is reflected in the speed of loading or unloading,high level of security, avoiding bureaucracy, low costs, 24-hour working time andgood connectionswith the inlandmodes of transportation.
  • Shipcourtesy (commodity) – withRO-ROtechnologies, truck drivers require commodityin terms of cabinswith a bathroom and restaurantswhich areincluded in the price.
infrastructure criteria
  • Infrastructurecriteriawith sub-criteria:
    • Group ofsub-criteria,port availability with sub-criteria:
      • direct connection with the railway infrastructure,
      • direct connection to the motorway network,
      • safetyfactoron the railway infrastructure,
      • maintenanceofrailway infrastructure
      • maintenanceofroad infrastructure,
      • railway infrastructure capacity,
      • road infrastructurecapacity;
    • Group of sub-criteria for infrastructureandactivities on theland side ofthe terminal and sub-criteria:
      • condition and capacity of the road infrastructure for externalvehicles,
      • condition and capacity of the road infrastructure for internal vehicles,
      • capacity of parking spaces,
      • existence Terminal Operating System,
      • port equipment for handlingofcontainers and vehicles;
    • Group ofinfrastructure sub-criteriaand activities on the seaside of the terminal:
      • seadepth,
      • priority at shipacceptanceinregularservice,
      • exemption for the use of pilots,
      • exemption for the use of tugs;
criteria for interaction with various transport modes
Criteria for interactionwithvarious transport modes
  • Criteria for interactionwithvarious transport modeswith sub-criteria:
    • Group of sub-criteria of interactionswithshipservices:
      • Number of SSS services,
      • Number of regularshippingbranchoffices;
    • Group of sub-criteria of interactionswithrailway transport:
      • Numberofblocktrainservices,
      • Numberofoperatorsinthecountry;
    • Interactionwithroad transport;
    • Group of sub-criteria for informationanddocumentexchange:
      • Existenceofportcommunicationservice,
      • Exsitenceofpriority status;
administrative and political criteria
  • Administrativeandpoliticalcriteriawith sub-criteria:
    • Service promotionsystem,
    • Service informationsupport,
    • Systematicidentificationofservicebottlenecks,
    • Service qualitymanagementsystem,
    • Group of sub-criteria of common port systemmanagement
      • Complexity of organizationand work functioning,
      • Advantageofincreasedcapacity;
    • Politicaldecision.
multi criteria analysis
  • Scenario
  • Criteria
  • Value of eachcriteria
  • Multi-criteriaanalysis
  • Results/conclusions
mca scenario 1
MCA – Scenario 1
  • Scenariobased on independentports model:
  • Rijeka,
  • Zadar,
  • Šibenik,
  • Split,
  • Ploče i
  • Dubrovnik.
mca scenario 2
MCA – Scenario2
  • Scenariobased on nationallygroupedports:
  • Portof Rijeka as a separate unit,
  • Portsof Central Dalmatian, Zadar, Šibenik i Split,
  • PortsofSouthDalmatia, Ploče i Dubrovnik.
mca scenario 3
MCA – Scenario 3
  • Scenariobased on regionallygroupedports:
  • North Adriatic PortsVenice, Trieste, Kopar and Rijeka,
  • Central DalmatianportsZadar, Šibenik i Split, i
  • SouthDalmatianports Ploče i Dubrovnik.
mca scenario 4
MCA – Scenario4
  • Scenariobased on thesingle port model – port of Rijeka:
  • Rijeka as a nationallyprioritisedport for theMotorwaysoftheSeaservices
mca scenario 5
MCA – Scenario 5
  • Scenariobased on thetwoports model - Rijeka i Ploče:
  • Portsof Rijeka and Ploče are equallydevelopedandhavethe same status for thecontainerandRO-RO transport.
mca scenario 6
MCA – Scenario 6
  • Scenariobased on the „simpleports“ model:
  • Theoreticallyset port of Zadar as the port thatfunctionsbythe „simpleports” model on theterritory of thenewcontainerand RO-RO port inGaženica.
value of each criteria
Value of eachcriteria
  • Identifiedscenarios are analysed on severaldifferentcombinationsandlevelsofdifficultyofcriteriaand sub-criteria. Ranking is performedincluding:
  • Onlyinfrastructurecriteria,
  • Onlyinteractioncriteriawithdifferentmodes of transport,
  • Onlyadministrativeandpoliticalcriteria,
  • Simultaneousinfluencesofinfrastructureandinteractioncriteriawithdifferentmodesof transport,
  • Simultaneousinfluencesofinfrastructure,administrativeandpoliticalcriteria,
  • Simultaneousinfluencesofadministrativeandpolitical as well as interactioncriteriawithdifferentmodesof transport and
  • Simultaneousinfluencesofadministrativeandpolitical, infrastructureandinteractioncriteriawithdifferentmodesof transport.
  • Currentmodel of the Croatiantransport and port systemfunctioningis completely inappropriate for the development and implementation of a sustainable Motorways of theSeasystemandit isthe worst solution in relation to all identifiedmodels.
  • Optimalsolutionwouldbedevelopment of a singleport and a gravity transport infrastructureaccording to the„simpleports” model.
  • IncasetheRepublic of Croatia decided to ignoredevelopment of theMotorwaysoftheSeaandincaseitsdevelopment is leftto transport operators, ideal model wouldberegionallygroupedports model. This model considerscoordinationand a joint work ofportsystemsinseveralcountries, andobjectively, exceptinthecaseofthe same owners, functioningofcommonportsystems is hard to implement.
  • IncasetheRepublic of Croatia decidedto activelyparticipateinthedevelopment of thesustainableMotorwaysoftheSeasystem, individually or incoordinationwith transport operators, twoportssystem is optimal. This model presumesspecialisationandpreferanceofthesetwoports, byfocusinginfrastructureinvestmentsintotheseportswhileotherportsconsciousllyfocus on developmentofothertypesoffreightandprivateinvestments.