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Chiaroscuro. We will be learning how to ‘ shade ’ our drawings to help create the illusion of depth!. Chiaroscuro. A word borrowed from Italian which translates as, "light and shade" or “ dark. ” It refers to the modeling of volume by depicting light and shade through contrast.

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chiaroscuro

Chiaroscuro

We will be learning how to ‘shade’ our drawings to help create the illusion of depth!

chiaroscuro1
Chiaroscuro
  • A word borrowed from Italian which translates as, "light and shade" or “dark.”
  • It refers to the modeling of volume by depicting light and shade through contrast.

CHIAROSCURO STILL LIFE

by Michelle White, BFA, Painting, 1991

chiaroscuro what we call shading
Chiaroscuro (what we call ‘shading’)
  • This is one means of strengthening an illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface.
  • Chiaroscuro was an important topic among artists of the Renaissance.

The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, ca. 1512–15Gerard David The Jules Bache Collection, 1949 (49.7.21)

here is a list of ways to create depth
Here is a list of ways to create depth!
  • Let’s try the following in our sketchbooks…. Label each of your drawings
  • Overlapping
  • Cross-contour lines
  • Foreshortening
  • Perspective
  • Chiaroscuro!
interesting fact
Interesting fact…
  • On May 28, 1998, Jody-Anne Maxwell (Jamaican, 1986-) won the Scripps Howard National Spelling Bee by correctly spelling the word "chiaroscurist" -- an artist who uses chiaroscuro.
  • You are on the way to becoming “chiaroscurists” yourselves! ;)
here comes the vocabulary
Here comes the VOCABULARY!!!
  • You will be introduced to quite a few terms.
  • Don’t get overwhelmed…
  • You will learn it and practice it!
  • And you will master it!!!
value
Value
  • The lightness or darkness of tones or colors.
  • White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.
value scale
Value Scale
  • An organized linear scale of color swatches ranging from the lightest of values to the darkest of values.
  • A value scale is a tool that artists use to help interpret the appropriate values.
gradation
Gradation
  • A smooth transition between black and white
  • We want to make our gradations as smooth as possible.
  • If values are not blended smoothly, your drawing will have a ‘striped’ look!
highlight
Highlight
  • The highlight represents where the light directly hits the object.
  • We use the white of the paper to show the highlight.
light tone
Light tone
  • The light tone is the second lightest value on an object.
  • They are shown as light gray and usually border the HIGHLIGHTED area.
half mid tone
Half (mid) tone
  • The half tone is medium gray.
  • The half tones would be next to the light tones.
  • Lets review…
    • Highlight
    • Light tone
    • Half tone
shadow edge
Shadow Edge
  • The shadow edge is dark gray.
  • The shadow edge is where the object begins to get darker due to a shadow!
  • Shadows are not solid…they have gradations too!
core shadow
Core Shadow
  • The core of the shadow is the darkest part of the shadow -- the place where the least light hits the object.
  • These dark values are what really makes your drawing come to life!!
reflected light
Reflected Light
  • Reflected light is what makes the core of the shadow appear to be away from the edge of the object. It is where light is reflected from a nearby area onto the object.
  • Careful observation of reflected light will help you make objects more convincingly round looking.
cast shadow
Cast Shadow
  • The cast shadow is the shadow the object casts onto another surface.
  • This kind of shadow usually has a hard edge, which can help you distinguish it from a modeling shadow.
  • A cast shadow will be darkest closest to the object casting it.
drawing pencils
Drawing Pencils
  • We will be using drawing pencils for our value studies.
  • Drawing pencils come in a range of values.
  • Artists use the value of the pencil to do the work…not pressure.
coversheet
Coversheet
  • How many of you have ended up with ‘pencil-hands’ after drawing??
  • We do not want our hands to smear our hard work.
  • Use a coversheet when you draw! (a paper-towel)
slide34
Tips
  • Apply light even pressure. Use the value of the pencil…not pressure.
  • Shade evenly in ONE direction (diagonal, horizontal, or vertical) choose one and stick with it.
  • Shade in each area more that once to eliminate any shading gaps.
  • Keep your paper surface clean, use a cover sheet and NO SMUDGING WITH YOUR FINGERS!