Diabetes: The Silent Killer. Report Presented By: Johanna Henriquez Diana Lesmes Matt Mayo Paul Michelletti. April 16, 2001. Introduction.
April 16, 2001
An auto-immune disease in which the body does not produce any insulin. This most often occurs in children and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay alive.
A metabolic disorder resulting from the body’s inability to make enough, or properly use insulin. It is the most common form of the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions, due to an increased number of older Americans, and a greater prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles.
Unusual weight loss
Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
Tingling/numbness in the hands or feet
gum or bladder infection
You are age 45 or older
You are overweight
You have high blood pressure
You have a family history of diabetes
You are African American
You don’t exercise regularly
Blindness-Diabetic retinopathy is a term used for all abnormalities of the small blood vessels of the retina caused by diabetes, such as weakening of blood vessel walls or leakage from blood vessels. Each year thousands of people lose their sight because of diabetes. Retinopathy may not cause any symptoms. You should get an eye exam every year if you’re over 30. You should also see your eye doctor if:
Nerve Disease and Amputations. About 60 – 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of diabetic nerve damage, which, in severe forms, can lead to lower limb amputations. In fact, diabetes is the most frequent cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations. The risk of a leg amputation is 14 – 40 times greater for a person with diabetes. The damage diabetes causes to nerves is called diabetic neuropathy.
Americans compared to Whites over the past 3 years.
In Essex county the population is 765,348. Diagnosed with diabetes:28,621 at a rate of 37.4. Undiagnosed: 14,744.
In Essex county the black population is of: 84,549. The people diagnosed with Diabetes: 1,585. ( this is the highest diagnosed total for any county in N.J.)
The prevalence in diabetes for blacks in N.J. in 1994 is:
In 1996 the diabetes prevalence for Blacks in the Canadian population was 3.8% where as the whites was it was 3.2%
Compared to that of the United States population, 10.8% of all African Americans have it.
Educational Diagnosis of Health Behavior
Cultural Appropriateness of Health Behavior
Their message is “Diabetes is Serious.”
Raise awareness to African American Community through National Organizations, local churches, and volunteers.
To raise awareness in the African American community about the seriousness of diabetes and its complication.
To raise awareness in the African American community about risk factors associated with diabetes.
To raise awareness about the importance of healthful eating and regular exercise.
To raise awareness of those with the disease, that you can control your diabetes.
Offers informational workshops through local community organizations to raise awareness about diabetes control and prevention.
Patient education is critical. People with diabetes can reduce their risk of complications if they are educated about their disease, learn and practice the skills necessary to better control their blood glucose levels and get regular checkups from their health care teams.
People with diabetes, with the help of their health care providers, should set goals for better control of blood glucose levels, as close to the normal range as is possible for them.