Karl Marx: “The Father of Communism”. Future Marxists At An Early Age: Lenin and Stalin. Socialism According to Marx. Karl Marx- German philosopher, supported the establishment of socialism and communism. Wrote the “ Manifesto of the Communist Party” along with Friedrich Engels.
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Socialism According to Marx • Karl Marx- German philosopher, supported the establishment of socialism and communism. • Wrote the “Manifesto of the Communist Party” along with Friedrich Engels. • Marx was unhappy with capitalism and the negative aspects of industrialization (Most significantly, the unfair exploitation of the working class.
Socialism According to Marx • He believed that a select few in society controlled most of the wealth and were taking advantage of the working class (Long hours, low pay, miserable working conditions, etc.) • 2 classes emerged: 1. Bourgeoisie- Those who owned the means of production and were considered the wealthy class in a capitalist society
2 Classes cont. • Proletariat- Working classes or lower class in Capitalist society. • Originally derogatory in nature, Marx used the term to describe the working class.
What Needs To Take Place First? • Marx believed that history could be explained through class struggle (Examples: ) • Marx was convinced that history would pass through certain phases (I.E. Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism) until finally a Communist society would emerge.
Major Historical Events Feudalism: This picture shows serfs at work in the fields and Louis XVI being beheaded during French Revolution. Major events in history according To Marx
Basic Characteristics of Communism: • Collective ownership of land and the means of production. • Classless society (Everyone is =====) • Everyone would work according to their abilities and… • Everyone receives according to their needs.
Communism Appears Easy, However… • Before it can take place, the working class (Proletariat) in the capitalist nation, must rise up and overthrow the minority who controlled the means of production (Bourgeoisie). • Marx refers to this as the “dictatorship of the proletariat.”
Communism • After the proletariat has successfully overthrown the bourgeoisie: 1. Communism would gradually emerge. 2. The need for government would no longer exist. 3. There would no longer be separate classes in society.