Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Screenplay Notes Script Format Characters Storyboards
Scriptwriting • Classic style • High concept • Examples: All of the movies we’ve seen so far • Minimalism/Open-Ending • Low concept • Examples: American Beauty, Lost in Translation • Anti-structure • Lack of narrative– mostly visual/aural • Examples: Monty Python
Scriptwriting (cont.) • Melodramas • Are about real people in real situations. • Have characters who drive the plot. • Are psychologically complex. • Hyperdramas • Plots are their key element. • They have a central moral lesson, and your characters are vehicles to that end. • Often have a fantastic or unreal tone. • Experimental • Anything goes
Format of Scripts Fictional • All scripts should be written in 12 point Courier font (no exceptions) • Scripts should have 1 inch margins at the sides, top, and bottom of page • Page numbers should be in the top right hand corner • Keep tab settings consistent
Format of ScriptsFictional • Write scene headings • INT. HOUSE – DAY • EXT. OFFICE – NIGHT • Use specific times/places if important to story, otherwise leave them out • Capitalize the following… • Scene headings Sounds • Places Transitions • Character Names • Significant props
Format of ScriptsFictional • Write Action heading. • Character actions that are critical to the story are put here– not random actions. • Again, capitalize the following… • Scene headings Sounds • Places Transitions • Character Names • Significant props
Format of Scripts • Dialogue • Write character’s name in CAPS • Under name is line of dialogue. • No actions appear here… only dialogue • Example from Jaws • VAUGHN • Is that tooth here? Did anyone see it? • HOOPER • I don't have it. • BRODY • He lost it on the way up.
Script Conventions and Abbreviations • Scene Headings • INT vs EXT (interior vs exterior) • Day vs Night • Transitions • Cut to, fade in, fade out, dissolve to, fade to black, freeze frame • NOTE: leave out camera angles
Script Conventions and Abbreviations (cont.) • Scene Directions • VO = voice over • o.s. = off screen • WOS = without sound • POV = point of view • f.g. = foreground • m.g. = mid-ground • b.g. = background
Sample Script-- Psycho INT. HOTEL ROOM – 2:43p Reveal a furnished hotel room. A woman in bra and half-slip lies on the bed, gazing up at a shirtless man. Some FAST FOOD ITEMS are on the table. SAM: You never did eat your lunch, did you. MARION: (sitting up) I better get back to the office. These extended lunch hours give my boss excess acid. SAM: Why don't you call your boss and tell him you're taking the rest of the afternoon off?
Format of Scripts Documentary • Same rules as fictional films EXCEPT: • Scripts consist of two columns: • Video • How does the camera move • Clips from films • Unique video footage • Audio • Dialogue • VO • Sound Effects • Music • One page of script equals one minute of film
Characters • Characters in film should have some similar characteristics (in general) • The will or ability to take action (the main character is usually not passive) • Audience needs to feel empathy for character • There should be some event that changes the character • These events should reveal more about the character • How does character react to pressure • What is the history of the character • What is the character’s motivation
Types of Actors in Film • Type Casting: the process of selecting an actor based on physical look (facial/bodily features) • The role may call for a bald man or grandmother-like woman so you hire actors on these traits • Character Acting: the process of selecting an actor based on the type of character an actor has played previously. • Will Farrell, Robin Williams, and Morgan Freeman always play the same type of character
Examples of Characters • Star Wars– Luke Skywalker • Star Wars-- Darth Vader • Castaway • Fargo • Silence of the Lambs • Pirates of the Caribbean
Storyboards • When filmmakers begin to think about shots and scenes, they will often draw sketches of the shots • Each shot has its own drawing • Camera angels and movements are shown Shrek Storyboards
Examples of Storyboards • The setting of the witch’s castle in the Wizard of Oz. Compare the storyboard with the actual footage The Wizard of Oz