electrical hazards awareness briefing excavation and trenching module 5
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Electrical Hazards Awareness Briefing Excavation and Trenching Module 5. These tools must be used with care!. A laborer was burned and rendered unconscious when his jackhammer hit a buried 13,200 volt electrical power cable. Serious Injury at DOE Site when 13.2kV Cable Struck.

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electrical hazards awareness briefing excavation and trenching module 5

Electrical Hazards Awareness BriefingExcavation and TrenchingModule 5

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

these tools must be used with care
These tools must be used with care!

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

serious injury at doe site when 13 2kv cable struck
A laborer was burned and rendered unconscious when his jackhammer hit a buried 13,200 volt electrical power cable.Serious Injury at DOE Site when 13.2kV Cable Struck

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

typical tasks that expose personnel to underground power lines
Typical Tasks That Expose Personnel to Underground Power Lines
  • Construction site excavation
  • Jack-hammering
  • Well drilling
  • Landscaping
  • Trenching for piping
  • Fence installation

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

excavation program elements
Excavation Program Elements
  • Designate a Competent Person to oversee all excavation jobs and train to understand the electrical hazard
  • Use written excavation procedure and excavation permit
  • Require an excavation/trenching checklist to be used in job planning
  • Require non-intrusive surveys of areas and develop an interference map of area
  • Ensure excavation planning requirements flow down to subcontractors

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

electrical hazard identification
Electrical Hazard Identification
  • Perform detailed drawing and map review including original site drawings and recent project drawings
  • Understand that drawings and maps, however, may not be up to date or indicate all field routings correctly
  • Perform walk-down of site surrounding the excavation area and look for conduits and raceways that extend underground and could cross into the excavation work zone
  • Discuss excavation area with facility site knowledge
  • Look for new asphalt, manholes not marked on prints or disturbed soil to identify potential for unmarked interferences

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

field investigation
Field Investigation
  • Perform non-intrusive surveys of excavation area using trained and certified utility locators
  • Mark surface with interferences and verify immediately prior to start of excavation
  • Know limitations of non-intrusive equipment
    • GPR has been off target by 3 feet and may not identify some interferences
    • Voltage proximity detectors are shielded by ground wire or conduit
    • Current proximity detectors will not detect if electrical load is turned off

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

identifying interferences
Identifying Interferences
  • De-energize and lockout known electrical hazards-Don’t let schedule and convenience take precedent.
  • Hand excavate interferences within excavation limits
    • Look for different types of soil in the excavation area or for colored concrete that may indicate presence of underground electrical line
  • Consider use of vacuum excavation technology for uncovering interferences
  • Use caution when hand digging-even shovels and post hole diggers can damage direct burial cables

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

identifying interferences9
Identifying Interferences
  • Use appropriate PPE (voltage rated gloves and footwear) when identifying electrical interferences
    • PPE is important since detection of hidden utilities can not always be guaranteed
  • Use double-insulated electrical tools
  • Use fiberglass-insulated shovels and picks when excavating by hand
  • Use rubber mats as appropriate

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

other safe practices
Other Safe Practices
  • Stop work and call a time out if an unidentified obstruction is found during excavation
  • Revise maps and drawings to reflect actual found field conditions before closing excavation permit
  • Consider use of electronic drill stops when drilling in concrete (DOE Electrical Safety Handbook Section 11)
  • Observe all Power Line Right of Ways and notify power company prior to excavation

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Remember, you can avoid the pain and suffering that can happen when you contact an underground energized electrical power line
  • Implement and follow the practices in this module
  • Stop work when in doubt

EFCOG Electrical Improvement Project

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