The Agricultural/Industrial Revolution. Causes: 1. Expanding Atlantic economy and British Empire. 2. Natural conditions favorable. Coal. Iron. Waterways. 3. Agricultural Revolution, 1700-1800. Jethro Tull , 1674-1741 First Modern Farmer Invented seed drill. Seed Drill.
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and British Empire
Really took off after the Civil War in U.S.
Ex. In 1840 US had 3,000 miles of track and by 1860 30,000
Started many business practices that made the Industrial Revolution possible
Nations built Rail Roads in colonies to extract resources.
Federal Govt. gives western land free to Rail Raods to encourage business and Settlement.
Rail Roads took farmers out to their land, carried their crops to market , and brought them manufactured goods.
Rail Road companies adverstise in Europe to attract immigrants to lands
Most immigrants settle in cities, joining the urban industrial workforce
Rail Roads made cities possible providing them with the food they needed, raw materials, and new markets
For the 1st time, more people have non-farming than farming jobs
Steel rails – safer and cheaper
New Business Practices
“Pool” – agreement to divide the business in a given area and share the profits
Where there is $ there is corruption and Railroads introduced much of both
“Survival of the Fittest”
The rich have more money because they have better businesses
Laissez-Faire “Hands Off”
Government did not interfere with the economy and businesses