Information Visualization. Trajectories, Traces and Tools for Augmenting Human Intelligence Dr. Ray Uzwyshyn University of Miami Digital Libraries. Egyptian Amanuensis: Thoth Scribe. Weblog. Information Visualization and the Scientific Method. Sumerian Catalog (2000 B.C.)
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Trajectories, Traces and Tools for Augmenting Human Intelligence
Dr. Ray UzwyshynUniversity of Miami Digital Libraries
Egyptian Amanuensis: ThothScribe
Sumerian Catalog (2000 B.C.)
Technology: Baked Clay Tablet, Hammer Problem Solved : Limitation of Human Memory Innovation: Visually Iconic Script
New Problem: Information Retrieval, Medium storage – The Bricks are heavy
Technology: Papyrus, rolled into scrolls, placed in Libraries, lightweightInnovation: reduced character set - Alphabet
Kata + Logos
(list of words)
Technology: Augments Human Intelligence Solves Problem of Previous Technology, Generates New Problem horizon
MetadataList of Scrolls
Kuhn’s Paradigm Shift: Isn’t the clay tablet enough? Problem of previous infrastructures (skillsets, experts)
Solves Problem: Dissemination (Copies, Copyists)Information explosion creates new knowledge, infrastructures, new problem sets: retrieval, organizing relationships between bodies of Information
Augmenting Human Intelligence
Melvil Dewey: Dewey Decimal Classification System (1876)Origin of Species (Darwin, 1860)Age of hierarchical tree Taxonomies, systems
Lost Context of Larger Information Universe
Partially solves Linear A- Z analog Search either scanning microfiche or cards, infinite copiesProblem Creates Infinite Scrolling List Syndrome. Not Scalable, How Do Entities Relate
GUI : Working on the level of Iconic abstraction: metaphor, narrative, icons used as cognitive tools or pointers
Command Line InterfaceInfinite Scrolling List ParadigmLiteral
Visually Semiotic Relationships
Xerox Parc’s Web Forager, 3D Office,Information Workspace( circa. 1995)
21th C. Culture Visual Culture
Principal Cultural Codes Visuals Grammars and Codes that we understand from early age(Transparent, Ubiquitous)
Predicated on movement, intuitive narrative, metaphor, humanly understandable, well developed and ‘constructed sets of visuals grammars
Non-linear motive codes of cinema/tv can also create interactive robust information universes.
Move from Browser Page Metaphor to Stage or Screen Metaphor. Information landscapes for navigating bodies of knowledge to augment intelligence, see larger relationships and create new knowledge.
Navigating Information Universe by
Fly – Through (Iconic remnnant)
Navigating “Information “Universe” by scrolling (remnant)
Motion, Narratology, Interactivity Harnessed as Information Visualization Tools, for large bodies of Information (data)
1st Phase Study of Visual Grammars, Visual Narrative Codes, Art History, Bertin (Geography) Tufte (Mathematical Statistics)Overlooked bodies of theoretical literature, Cinema Studies: Structural/Formalist studies of Codes of Movement in Time. Visual Semiotics, (Eisentstein, Bazin, Christian Metz – Structural Visual Grammar)
Global NetworkedPotential of Internet
Keywords subject headings mapped to motive interactive 3d Space
Future: The trick is to begin thinking about mapping taxonomies visually (i.e. navigating the entire set of LCSH or an entire Robust Academic Library Catalog)
Multimedia Digital Library - Zoomable Interface (1800 Mg Map) – Front EndDigital Video, Document and Image Library - Database Back end.
Math/computer/information science Ph.D’s Military Technology InnovatorsMedical Researchers (Gene Sequencing)GIS/Spatial Engineers‘Serious’ Purposes: Information Mapping, Organizing Large bodies of information visually, relationally, dynamically. Historically high cost of entry (Computer Power, Warnock & Sutherland in Utah)
Web Designers (Flash Group, Online Vector Animation tied with Robust Programming Backend) Online Game Designers Graphic Designers (Advertising Catalogs/Database Synthesis)Innovative Usual Suspects (Parc, Maryland, MIT Media Lab)
(Renegade creators interested in Cognitive Cartography, Information Mapping, Information Architecture coming to this intuitively and out of necessity not aware of historical legacy but immersed in techno zeitgeist: games, comics, cinema codes, cool factor)
Lens, Telescope, Microscope, Screen
Need for Synthetic Renaissance Ideology (Discussion, Implementation/Praxis)
The real voyage of discovery consists of not in seeking new technological landscapes but in learning to see with new eyes.
ProustRemembrance of Things Past
Chen, Chaomei. Information Visualization and Virtual Environments. New York: Springer, 1999. (also, other texts )
Shneiderman, Ben. Card, Stuart K., Mackinlay, Jock D. Readings in Information Visualization. San Francisco: Moran Kaufmann, 1999. (also, other texts)
Spence, Robert. Information Visualization. ACM Press, 2000.