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MSHA Haulage Safety. Types of Mobile Equipment. Pre-Shift Inspection Per 56.14100. Pre-shift Inspection Inspected by equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift Defects that affect safety corrected in timely manner

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pre shift inspection per 56 14100
Pre-Shift InspectionPer 56.14100
  • Pre-shift Inspection
    • Inspected by equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift
    • Defects that affect safety corrected in timely manner
    • Equipment with defects taken out of service and parked in designated area
    • Defects not immediately corrected, shall be reported and recorded, until defects are fixed
haulage requirements
Haulage Requirements
  • Requirements for Seat Belts
    • Seat Belt on Haul Truck - 56.14131 (SAE J386) Operator Restraint Systems for Off Road Work Machines, 1985
    • Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance
haulage requirements5
Haulage Requirements
  • Requirements for Seat Belts
    • Seat Belt on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J386 or SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983)
    • Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance
haulage requirements6
Haulage Requirements
  • Requirements for ROPS
    • ROPS on Loader - 56.14130 (a) (SAE J1040) Performance Criteria for ROPS Structures for Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry and Mining Machines 1986 or
    • ROPS on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983)
  • Rollover Protective Structure
    • Permanent label affixed to structure with
    • Manufacturer’s Name & Address
    • Make and Model Number of Equipment
    • Installed per Manufacturer’s Recommendations
    • Re-certified by Manufacturer or Registered Professional Engineer with knowledge and experience in ROPS design after rollover of abnormal structural load, alterations or repair
  • Falling Object Protection 56.14106 for forklifts, front end loader and bulldozers
    • when used in area when hazard could be created
    • Capable of withstanding loads to which it would be subjected
  • Service Brakes - 56.14101(a)(1)
    • Service brake system capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels
  • Parking Brakes - 56.14101(b)(2)
    • Parking brakes capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels
brake test requirements
Brake Test Requirements
  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3)
    • Conducted under the direction of the mine operator in cooperation with the instructions provided by the MSHA Inspector only when:
    • Equipment capable of travelling between 10 & 20 mph
    • Where there is an appropriate test site
    • Front-end loaders have bucket empty
    • Mobile Equipment is not carrying explosives
brake test procedures
Brake Test Procedures
  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3)
    • Equipment must reach and maintain a constant speed between 10 & 20 mph prior to enter 100 ft test site
    • Roadway must be wide enough for equipment and must be level, dry and packed
    • Braking with those systems used under normal operating conditions (no parking brakes)
    • In proper gear for the appropriate speed
brake test evaluation
Brake Test Evaluation
  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(4)
    • Stopping distances measures from point where operator receives signal to stop to actual stopping distance
    • Must be within chart in Table 1
    • If not, operator may request up to 4 more test runs ( 2 in each direction) of which on 3 must meet the appropriate stopping distances for speed and vehicle weight
back up alarms
Back-up Alarms
  • Back-up Alarms 56.14132(a) -When operator has obstructed view to the rear:
      • Automatic reverse activated signal alarm
      • Wheel mounted bell alarm
      • Discriminating backup alarm covers area of view
      • Observer (spotter) 56.9305(c) truck must stop when unable to clearly recognize spotter’s signals
  • All alarms above surrounding noise levels
  • Automatic reverse activated at night
  • Windows 56.14103(a) - If Windows are provided:
    • Made of safety glass or equivalent
    • Maintained to provide safe operation
    • Replaced or removed if damaged and obscures visibility
fire extinguishers
Fire Extinguishers
  • Fire Extinguishers on Mobile Equipment
    • 56.4230(a) - Whenever a fire or its effects can impede escape from mobile equipment or
    • 56.4230(b) can impede the escape of others in the area, extinguisher must be on vehicle or within a 100 feet of equipment
    • Located to permit use
    • Fire Suppression system can be substituted if it can be activated manually
warning signals
Warning Signals
  • Warnings 56.14200 - Mobile Equipment Before moving any equipment:
    • Sound a warning that is audible above surrounding area or
    • Use other effective means to warn persons
securing movable parts
Securing Movable Parts
  • Warnings 56.14206 - Mobile Equipment
    • When moving any equipment:
      • Parts of equipment must be in travel mode
      • Mechanically secured
  • Getting Off Equipment - 56.9318
      • Persons cannot get off moving mobile equipment
  • Clearances 56.9306 - Warning devices
    • Devices installed and restricted area marked
unattended or not in use
Unattended or Not in Use
  • Securing Parts 56.14206(b) - Equipment When equipment is unattended or not in use:
    • Parts of equipment must be lowered to ground
    • Mechanically secured
  • Parking Procedures 56.14207 Equipment not left unattended unless:
    • Placed in park and parking brake set, wheels chocked
warning devices
Warning Devices
  • Warning Devices 56.14208
    • When parked and creates a hazard
    • When carrying load that project more than 4 feet beyond sides or rear
    • Must have visible warning device (Red Flag) attached to end of load or person walking beside or behind load with flag or light
    • Must use light in limited visibility condition
movement of buckets
Movement of Buckets
  • Movement of Buckets, Dippers, Booms 56.14210
    • Not be swung over Operator’s station on Mobile Equipment until operator is out of station and in a safe location
    • Does not apply to equipment specially designed to protect operator from falling objects (FOPS)
transporting people
Transporting People
  • Transporting People 56.9200(a)

Persons Not Transported in or on:

    • dippers, forks, clamshells, buckets
    • in beds of mobile equipment
    • on the top of loads, with materials/equipment
    • outside cabs, equipment stations
    • between cars on trains, on leading ends
    • to and from work areas on crowded equipment
    • on conveyors
transporting people22
Transporting People
  • Transporting People 56.9200(b)
    • Persons Transported in beds of mobile equipment when provisions are made for secure travel and means are taken to prevent accidental unloading if equipment is provided with unloading device
    • when necessary for maintenance, testing or training and above provisions taken
    • On conveyors when designed for such travel
working in raised position
Working in Raised Position
  • Blocking of Equipment 56.14211
    • Persons cannot work on top, under or from Mobile Equipment in a raised position until the equipment has been blocked or mechanically secured from movement
      • provided with a functional load locking device or equivalent
  • Repairs During Maintenance 56.14105
    • Blocked against motion/power off (lockout)
  • Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(a) must be provided and maintained:
    • On banks of roadways where a drop off of sufficient grade and depth may cause a vehicle to overturn or endanger equipment operators
    • Must be at least mid-axle height of largest vehicle
    • Have openings for drainage
berms not required
Berms Not Required
  • Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(d) may not be required provided that and elevated roadways are infrequently traveled and used by service or maintenance vehicles
      • And locked gates are installed at entrance points
      • Warning signs posted “Roadway NOT bermed”
      • Delineators installed at intervals (3) to indicate edge
      • Maximum speed limit is posted (slope,width,type)
      • Road surface traction not impaired by weather
tire repairs
Tire Repairs
  • Tire Repairs 56.14104
    • Before a tire can be removed, the valve cord must be partially removed for gradual deflation of the tire and persons must stand outside the potential trajectory of the locking rim of a multi-piece rim
    • During inflation a wheel cage or other restraining device or stand off inflation device must be used
traffic control
Traffic Control
  • Traffic Control 56.9100 Safe Movement
  • Rules governing:
    • Speed, Right of Way, Movement of Direction, and Use of Headlights to assure visibility must be established at each mine and followed
    • Signs or signals, warning of hazards shall be placed at appropriate locations
operating speed
Operating Speed
  • Traffic Control 56.9101
  • Maintain control of vehicle
  • Operating speeds consistent with:
      • conditions of roadways
      • tracks, grades, clearance
      • visibility, traffic
      • type of equipment used
  • Loading/ Hauling in Safe Manner -56.9201
  • Prevent Spillage - 56.9202 Mobile Equipment loaded in a manner to minimize spillage
  • Activity Between Equipment & Machinery-

56.3430 - Persons cannot work, travel only for dismounting purposes

carrying explosives
Carrying Explosives
  • Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a)
    • Maintained in good condition and equipped:
      • With sides and enclosures higher than explosive materials or explosives secured to non-conductive pallet
      • With separate cargo space
      • Two fire extinguishers or one and fire suppression
      • Posted with appropriate warning signs
      • Occupied by personnel necessary for handling explosives
carrying explosives31
Carrying Explosives
  • Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a)
    • Maintained in good condition and equipped:
      • Attended or cargo compartment locked, except when parked at blast site and loading in progress
      • Secured while parked by:
        • having brakes set
        • Wheels chocked if movement can occur
        • Engine shut off unless powering device is being used
      • Have no sparking materials exposed in cargo area
      • Have non-sparking materials properly secured
  • Fueling Internal Combustion Engines
  • 56.4103 Engines shall be shut off during fueling when tanks are integral part of equipment, does not apply to diesel powered engines
safe operating procedures
Safe Operating Procedures
  • Powered Haulage has had more miner fatalities than any other accident classification:
    • Providing safe access on and off mobile equipment helps prevents slips, trips, & falls
    • Conducting a pre-shift inspection of the equipment and of the surrounding ground helps preventaccidents due to equipment failures and collapse of ground
msha inspection
MSHA Inspection
  • Haulage equipment continues to receive the highest priority during an inspection by MSHA
  • Seat belt violations are of special interest to every inspector
  • Any equipment brought into a mine can be subject to a MSHA Inspection