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Presentation Transcript
slide1

ORAL ORNAMENTS

S. YASMIN FATHIMA ,

III B.D.S ,

SRI RAMAKRISHNA DENTAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL.

slide2

INTRODUCTION

  • Increasingly popular.
  • -Oral mucosa is pierced (mostly tongue and lips).
  • -Highly risky to the users.
  • -Causes complications like
  • -Infection ,
  • -Injury to the gums and teeth,
  • -Bleeding,
  • -Swelling and various others.
slide3

ORAL ORNAMENTS – A WINDOW SHOPPING

  • Various types of jewelleries that are used in the oral region are…
  • studs,
  • rings,
  • barbells,
  • hooks
  • plugs.
slide4

People show a special interest on tooth gems also.

Forked tongue

latest fashion craze……

slide5

WHY PIERCING ?

  • Ancient days – piercing was done for various reasons like :
  • -Expressing royalty, Sign of courage, and for spiritual reasons.
  • Today ? FASHION !
  • Oral piercing is a fad these days.
  • Teen`s desire to go for something different .
slide6

COMPLICATIONS OF ORAL ORNAMENTS

  • The risks are tooooooo high for this medically unnecessary procedure. These are :
  • INFECTIONS
  • GINGIVAL RECESSION
  • DAMAGE TO TEETH
  • DAMAGE TO BONE
  • MINI TONGUE
  • ASPIRATION
  • BLEEDING,NERVE DAMAGE, PAIN
  • INTERFERENCE WITH NORMAL ORAL FUNCTION AND ORAL HEALTH EVALUATION
slide7

INFECTION – A FATAL FAD

  • Results in the risk of a fatal infection.
  • Allows bacteria to travel through the bloodstream.
  • Results in ENDOCARDITIS.
  • A BRAIN INFECTION reported by Dr. RICHARD MARTINELLO ,Yale (25 Dec 2001).
  • BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL (Oct 2004) reported LUDWIG’S ANGINA.
  • THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH- America reports
  • “ A possible vector for blood borne HEPATITS and transmission of HIV”.
slide8

GINGIVAL RECESSION

  • Lip piercing is strongly associated with severe gingival recession.
  • JADA reports
  • “- the average recession depth was double in those with piercing than those without piercing”
  • The metal of the lip stud is physically rubbing over the gum causing the gum to recede .
  • This is irreversible
slide9

DAMAGE TO TEETH

  • Contact of the jewellery with teeth can chip or crack the teeth , especially the anteriors.
  • CRACKED TOOTH SYNDROME.
  • JADA reports the loose teeth and tooth loss due to oral piercing.
slide10

DAMAGE TO BONE

  • Radiogaraphically detectable alvoelar bone abnormalities surrounding the mandibular anteriors are reported in people with tongue studs
  • – JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE.
slide11

MINI TONGUE

  • January/February 2006 issue of GENERAL DENTISTRY reports a women with pierced tongue to develop a large, round lump adjacent to the piercing .
  • This mini tongue showed no infection, no pain
  • This mass was determined to be scar tissue formation .
slide12

ASPIRATION – A CHOKING HAZARD

  • There is always a possibility that the jewel in the mouth can become loose ,which may be ingested .
  • This results in injury to digestive tract.
  • Else ,it may go down the wrong way and wind up in a lung.
slide13

BLEEDING , NERVE DAMAGE, PAIN

  • The tongue being highly vascular , may cause severe bleeding and need surgical treatment if any of them is perforated.
  • This causes blood loss, blood clots , strokes
  • nerve damages are always irreparable and if occurred may cause a lingering pain , neuralgia or loss of sensation, making the tongue functionless.
slide14

INTERFERENCE WITH NORMAL ORAL FUNCTION AND ORAL HEALTH EVALUATION

  • Oral jewellery can :
        • stimulate excessive salivation
        • impede the ability to pronounce words clearly
        • cause problems with chewing, swallowing
  • Jewellery in mouth can block transmission of x-rays so that abormalities like cysts, abscesses or tumors may not be revealed.
slide15

WHAT A DENTIST CAN DO ?

  • The best that a dentist can do is to advice his patient ,
  • “FASHION ? , KEEP IT OUTSIDE YOUR MOUTH”.
  • The best way to prevent damage is not to get your tongue pierced
  • You can decorate your mouth without damaging anything and it costs less than piercing
  • If a person still interested in oral piercing make him/ her aware of all post operative cares.
slide16

CONCLUSION

Oral ornaments can cause various general health hazards besides the oral hazards.

This presentation revealed a few of them, thus making us aware that beauty should not be at the cost of a life .