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Verbs A verb is a word that describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being.
Types of Verbs • We can divide verbs into transitive and intransitive verbs. • Transitive Verbs: These verbs involve a direct object. • Example 1: The boy throws the ball. • Here ‘throws’ is the verb and ‘ball’ is the direct object. • Intransitive Verbs: These verbs do not involve a direct object. • Example 1: The boy throws. • Here the verb ‘throws’ is used intransitively.
Regular and Irregular Verbs • Regular Verbs • Those verbs that form their past participle with ‘d’ or ‘ed’ are regular verbs. These verbs do not undergo substantial changes while changing forms between tenses. • If the verb ends with a vowel, only ‘d’ is added. For example: • PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE • Share Shared • Scare Scared • Dare Dared
Irregular Verbs • Those verbs that undergo substantial changes when changing forms between tenses are irregular verbs. The changed forms of these verbs are often unrecognisably different from the originals. For example: • PRESENT TENSE • PAST TENSE Go Went Run Ran Think Thought
AuxiliaryVerbs • There are 4 auxiliary verbs in the English language: • Be • Have • Will • Do Example: She's not going to the dance. Do you like German food? I havecalledhim
StativeVerbs Stative verbs are verbs that describe a state rather than an action. When describing states, they never the continuous (‘-ing’) form. Here are some examples of stative verbs and instances of their correct and incorrect usage. Example Mary feelsgood I don´tlikecheese.
Modal Verbs There are 10 modal verbs in the English language: • Can • Could • May • Might • Will • Would • Must • Shall • Should • Ought to Example Youshould stop smoking. I can't drive Could I leave early today, please?