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Surrealism PowerPoint Presentation


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    1. Surrealism Distorted Reflections Self-Portrait Fundamentals of Art Joe Brusca

    2. Definitions Dreams (* Anyone remember theirs last night?) Surrealism Dada Fantasy Subconscious Automatism Enigmatic Nostalgic Juxtapositions Frottage Distortion Illusion Abstraction Line Value Portrait Composition Illusions Bourgeoisie

    3. Dada to Surrealism Dada or Dadaism is a art movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland. During the end of World War I and peaked from post war around 1916 to 1922. The art movement was based on its anti-war politics and anti-art cultural works. They rejected was being handed down them from modern world culture. It was also anti-bourgeois and anarchist in nature. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed within the Dadaist. The Dada influenced later avant-garde art movements like surrealism, pop art and contemporary music like rock n roll, even punk rock. Included the visual arts, literature, including poetry, art manifestoes, art theory, theatre, cinema and graphic design.

    4. Surrealism Surrealism is a cultural movement and artistic style that was founded in 1924 by Andr Breton. Influenced by the psychoanalytical work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. The movement was begun primarily in Europe, centered in Paris, and was helped founded by many of the members of the Dada community. Surrealism style uses visual imagery from the subconscious mind to create art without the intention of logical comprehensibility. The group aimed to revolutionize human experience, in its personal, cultural, social, and political aspects. They wanted to free people from false rationality, and restrictive customs and structures. At various times Surrealists aligned with communism and anarchism.

    5. Surrealist Techniques Automatism, for ex., like automatic drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed. Frottage, the artist takes a pencil or other drawing tool and makes a "rubbing" over a textured surface. The drawing can be left as is or used as the basis for further refinement. Examples of other influences of automatism would be cut-ups, jazz and abstract expressionism. The simplest Surrealist act consists of dashing down the street, pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger, into the crowd. -- Andr Breton, Second Manifesto of Surrealism

    6. Links to Some Important Past Events Antiwar movements like Vietnam in the 1960s . Feminist Movement Civil Rights Movement 1960s Counter Culture Movement Can you think of any from the past or currently?

    7. Andr Breton

    8. Andr Breton He studied medicine and psychiatry. And during World War I he worked in a neurological ward where he gained his anti-war views from the trauma it caused many of the soldiers. Surrealist Leader Poet / Writer His writings include the Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism". Influenced by the writers Rimbuad, Voltaire, Guillaume Apollinaire, along with fellow Dadaist Louis Aragon, Philippe Soupault and Tristan Tzara.

    9. Dada to Surrealism Important figures of the Dadaism and eventually the founders of Surrealism. Marcel Duchamp Hans Arp Francis Picabia Max Ernst Man Ray Andre Breton

    10. Marcel Duchamp

    11. Marcel Duchamp Artwork

    12. Marcel Duchamp Artwork

    13. Hans Arp

    14. Hans Arp Artwork

    15. Francis Picabia

    16. Francis Picabia Artwork

    17. Max Ernst

    18. Max Ernst Artwork

    19. Man Ray

    20. Man Ray Artwork

    21. Important Surrealists Figures Paul luard, Ren Crevel, Giorgio de Chirico, Gala luard, Salvador Dal, Andr Masson, Roberto Matta, Ren Magritte and Yves Tanguy. Peggy Guggenheim, patron and supporter of the Surrealists.

    22. Giorgio de Chirico

    23. Giorgio de Chirico Artwork

    24. Andr Masson

    25. Andr Masson Artwork

    26. Ren Magritte

    27. Ren Magritte Artwork

    28. Roberto Matta

    29. Roberto Matta Artwork

    30. Yves Tanguy

    31. Yves Tanguy Artwork

    32. Salvador Dal

    33. Salvador Dal Artwork

    34. Salvador Dal Artwork

    35. Portrait A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.

    36. Portrait Examples

    37. Examples of Distorted Self-Portraits

    38. Examples of Distorted Self-Portraits

    39. Examples of Distorted Self-Portraits

    40. Example Idea

    41. Remember The drawing must be done in pencil, charcoal or ink. Must show value, line and an interesting composition. Image can be any size, but anything less than 5 x 7 or bigger than 9 x 12, please see me for approval of the conceptual idea.

    42. Bad Examples of Distorted Self-Portraits