Sybrant.com (Web, Mobile Application Development Company)
Android Application Development • An open source Linux based OS for mobile device. • A software stack which has its own OS, Middleware and Key Applications. • The main platform of android is Java, it uses java library and applications are coded on java, C++ and C (core) programming language. • It’s the only application which has more than 700,000 apps and many more are released daily. • A leading industry in android market, which as higher growth. • It is used in smart phones, tablets, ipad, watch, TV, MP3, DVR, etc.,
History of Android • Android was developed by Open Handset Alliance led by Google. • The Open Handset Alliance includes nearly 86 hardware, software and telecommunications companies. • The initial developer of android was Android Inc., and later Google purchased it. • The Android code was released open source under Apache License. • It was founded in Palo Alto, California, US, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. • The Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is also led by Google and is tasked for the maintenance and development of android.
Components of Android Architecture Major components of Android architecture are : • Applications • Application Framework • Libraries • Android Runtime • Linux Kernel
Features of Android • Application Framework- enables reuse and replacement of components. • Dalvik Virtual Machine - optimized for mobile devices. • Integrated Browser - open source web kit engine. • Optimized Graphics - powered by 2D and 3D graphics. • SQLite for data storage • GSM technology • Camera, GPS, Compass, etc. • Media support • Bluetooth, EDGE, Wi-Fi, 3G.
History of AndroidVersions • The specialty of android application is, its version. • The versions are created in alphabetic order and all belongs to a Dessert name. • Each version has its own sub-version and are released periodically. • The sub-versions are released more or else in the same year in a constant period of different months. • The first release was on November 2007 and after that many updates has been made from its original OS and each updates fix bugs and adds new features from the before version.
Versions in Android Versions of android and they released year are: • Beta – 5 Nov 2007. • v1.0 – 23 Sept 2008. • v1.1 – 9 Feb 2009. • v1.5 cupcake – 30 Apr 2009. • v1.6 Donut – 15 Sept 2009. • v2.0 Eclair – 26 Oct 2009. • v2.2.x Froyo – 20 May 2010. • v2.3.x Gingerbread – 6 Dec 2010. • v3.x Honeycomb – 22 Feb 2011. • v4.x Ice Cream Sandwich – 19 Oct 2011.
Advantages of Android • Multi-touch. • Multi-processor. • Multithreaded OS. • Rich Internet access (RIA). • Open source platform. • Easy to handle and implement. • User friendly. • Enabled security. • Supports all formats of image & video.
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