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Presentation Transcript
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November 6, 1869-Rutgers and Princeton UniversitiesField: 120 Yards Long, 75 YardsRound, Soccer-Style BallFirst Contest: Rutgers wins 6-4

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1883: 5 points for field goals, 2 points for touchdowns and 4 points for kicking.1884: Touchdowns were 4 points, point after conversion-2 points, field goals were 5 points

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1898: Touchdowns 5 points Point after - 1 point Field goal 5 points1912: Touchdown 6 points Field goal 3 pointsNote: No forward pass is allowed

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1905: 18 players were killed 159 were injured President Roosevelt called for reform.1905: NCAA was formed (Intercollegiate Athletic Association).

walter camp father of american football
Walter Camp:Father of American Football
  • Developed Line of Scrimmage
  • 11 Players per Team
  • 110 Yard Field
  • Developed Concept of Downs
college football black athletes

College Football: Black Athletes

First Black All-American - William Henry Lewis of Amherst College

william henry lewis
William Henry Lewis
  • Born in Berkeley, Virginia, 1868
  • 5’7” and weighed 180 pounds
  • Began Career at the Center Position
  • Team Captain (2 years)
nebraska state journal

Nebraska State Journal:

“Flippen went through the center like a cannonball, and Denver had a special push for him. He was kicked, slugged, and jumped on, but never knocked out, and gave as good as he received. (He became a physician.)”

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The first game between a white and black college was held in New York City in 1947.Wilberforce College (oldest black college) defeated Bergen College of New Jersey 40-12.

paul robeson
Paul Robeson
  • 1915: Rutgers University
  • 1916: Game against W&L did not play because of racism
  • Played professional football to pay law school tuition: Columba University
dr charles west w j
Dr. Charles West: W&J
  • 1920-1924: Football running back.
  • 1922: Fist Black QB: Rose Bowl
  • 1923 and 1924: National Pentathlon Champ
  • Visit to WVU: 1921
  • Medical Degree: Howard University- Football Coach
hbcu athletic conferences
HBCU Athletic Conferences
  • Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Shaw, Livingstone, Johnson C. Smith, Bowie State, Virginia Union
  • Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference: Hampton, Northfolk State, Morgan, Howard, South Carolina State, Deleware State
hbcu sport conferences
HBCU Sport Conferences
  • Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Lincoln, Stillman, Morehouse, Fort Valley State, Alabama A&M, Kentucky State, Clark Atlanta, Lane, Tuskegee
  • Southwestern Athletic Conference: Alabama State, Jackson State, Mississippi Valley, Southern, Grambling, Texas Southern, Prairie View A&M
heisman trophy the first african american athlete winners

Heisman Trophy:The First African American Athlete Winners

Selected by Downtown Athletic Club Since 1935

John W. Heisman, 1917 Georgia Tech National Champion Coach was founder.

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Jay Berwanger - 1935 First Winner, University of ChicagoErnie Davis (#44) Syracuse University 1961 (First African American to be awarded the Heisman Trophy)

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Mike Garrett (#20) USC - Running Back - 1965O.J. Simpson (#32) - USC - Running Back - 1968Archie Griffin - Ohio State Running Back - 1974, 1975 (Ran for 100 yards or more in 31 straight games)

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Tony Dorsett - University of Pittsburgh - Running Back - 1976Earl Campbell - University of Texas Running Back - 1977Billy Sims - Oklahoma - Running Back - 1978 (averaged 7 yards a carry)

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Marcus Allen - USC - Running Back 1981Herschel Walker (#34) - University of Georgia - Running Back - 1982George Rogers - South Carolina Running Back - 1983

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Bo Jackson - Auburn - Running Back - 1985Barry Sanders - Oklahoma State University - Running Back - 1988Andre Ware - Houston - 1989
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Desmond Howard - Michigan - 1991Charlie Ward - Florida State - 1993Rashaan Salaam - Colorado - 1994Eddie George - Ohio State - 1995
heissman trophy

Heissman Trophy

Between 1971 - 1994:

Ten awardees or 67% were black and all were running backs.

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1892: Yale All-American guard William “Pudge” Heffelfinger received a $500 “performance bonus” from Allegheny Athletic Association to join their team for a game with the Pittsburgh Athletic Club (AAA won 4-0).

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1893: Pittsburgh Athletic Club hired Grant Dibert for the entire season.1902: 2 Philadelphia teams (Athletics and Phillies) joined with Pittsburgh Stars to form the National Football League.

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1904: 7 of the games top professional teams were in Ohio1920: Meeting in Canton, Ohio, formed new league - American Professional Football Association (APFA). George Hales - Prime Mover (Manager and coach of Decatur, IL).

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1921: APFA comprised of 22 teams.1922: APFA changed name to NFL Hales renamed his team -moved to Chicago - became Bears.
professional football black players

Professional Football:Black Players

1902: Charles W. Follis - Cloverdale, Virginia - Played for Shelby Athletic Association and moved to Wooster, Ohio (Wooster Athletic Association). Charles’ teammate was Branch Rickey, later President of Brooklyn Dodgers.

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In a game against Toledo, it was stated, “The Shelby halfback is a Negro, and the crowd got after him early. The Toledo captain had to address the crowd.”Follis stopped playing football in 1906. (He was 6’ tall and 200 pounds.)

fritz pollard
Fritz Pollard
  • 5’8” and 165 pounds. Running Back
  • Enrolled in Northwestern U. :1913 but left college. He Just wanted to play.
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1914 he went to Brown University. Failed entrance exam in Spanish - Went to Dartmouth, from there on to Bates College - Finally back to Brown University.
  • Game against Amherst, he returned punt for 60 yards.
  • Runs of 20-35 yards were common.
  • 1921 - First Black in the NFL.
slide39
In the 1930’s and 40’s, blacks were forced out of professional football. (No Blacks played in the NFL during this time period.
1934 1945 blacks were excluded from nfl
1934 - 1945: Blacks were excluded from NFL.
  • Blacks were seen as disciplinary problems.
  • White players demanded the black players be dropped. (Blacks were paid more than white players - $1500 - $1800 per game.)
  • Racism - Local and National Level
slide41

1946: All-American Football Conference (AAFC) was organized and allowed teams to sign blacks.Cleveland Browns signed Marion Motley. (1948 led in rushing: 964 yards.)Motley - First black player in the Hall of Fame (football).Browns won AAFC: 1946-1949

marion motley browns 1946
Marion Motley: Browns- 1946
  • 1946: All American Football Conference:
  • Black Football Players: Marion Motley, Bill Willis, Kenny Washington and Woody Strode
  • Motley: AAFC leading rusher ( 9 year pro)
slide43

Others/Black - 1947 Buddy Young, Running Back, New York Yankees; Elmore Harris, Running Back, Brooklyn Dodgers; Bert Piggott, Running Back/ Defensive Back, L.A. Rams; Bill Bass, Running Back/ Defensive Back, Chicago Rockets

slide44

AAFC Last Year Was 1949:1949 L.A. Rams signed the first black from a HBCU - Paul “Tank” Younger of Grambling. He was a two time All-American.

slide45
In 1962, the Washington Redskins was the last team to sign black - Bobby Mitchell. George Preston, owner, did not want to sign blacks.