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Chapter 7 PARIS TO BERLIN (1885-87)

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Chapter 7 PARIS TO BERLIN (1885-87). Barcelona - stopped in Barcelona to visit, Maximo Viola - Befriended Eusebio Corominas – editor of La publicidad. Don Miguel Morayta (owner) - Article on the “Caroline’s Question” In Gay Paris November 1885 (four months)

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Chapter 7 PARIS TO BERLIN (1885-87)

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    1. Chapter 7PARIS TO BERLIN (1885-87) • Barcelona - stopped in Barcelona to visit, Maximo Viola - Befriended Eusebio Corominas – editor of La publicidad. Don Miguel Morayta (owner) - Article on the “Caroline’s Question” • In Gay Paris November 1885 (four months) - Worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert , leading French Opthalmologist

    2. Barcelona Maximo Viola

    3. - Visited his friends: Tavera’s, Juan Luna. Felix R. Hidalgo, Paz Pardo de Tavera - “ The Monkey and the Turtle” Paz album JPR drew a series of sketches - spent happy hours in Luna’s studio, improved his own painting technique and posing as model in several paintings: 1. The Death of Cleopatria 2. The Blood Compact

    4. Rizal as musician: “I learned the solfeggio, the piano, the voice culture in one and a half, If you could hear me sing, you would wish you were in Spain because my voice is like the braying of the asses” (Letter to de Lete dated Nov.27, 1878) - Flute – the only instrument Rizal could play - Compositions: 1. Alin Mang Lahi 2. La Deportacion

    5. Visited Strasbourg(capital of Alsace Lorraine) February 1,1886 • Historic Heidelberg(Historic city of Germany) - Lived in a boarding house with German law students and made Rizal a member of the Chess Player’s Club - Transferred near the University where he worked as an assistant to Dr. Otto Becker, German opthalmologists - Attended lectures of Dr. Becker and Prof. Wilhelm Kuehne - Visited scenic spots around Heidelberg

    6. - Observed that the German Catholics and Protestants practiced ecumenism or they lived together in harmony and cordiality. -”To the Flowers of Heidelberg” a fine poem Rizal wrote on April 22, 1886 • With Pastor Ullmer at Wilhemlmsfeld • Spent a three-month summer vacation in mountainous village near Heidelberg • Stayed in the vicarage of a kind Protestant pastor Dr. Karl Ullmer with Etta and Fritz

    7. First Letter to Blumentritt - Prof. Ferdinand Blumentritt, director of the Ateneo of Leitmeritz Austria, - with the letter he sent a book Arithmetica published in two languages – Spanish and Tagalog – by UST Press in 1868 by Rufino Baltazar Hernandez - The prof in return send Rizal a gift of two books which marked the friendship that lasted all their lives.

    8. Fifth Centenaryof Heidelberg University • In Liepzig and Dresden (two months & half) - August 14,1886 arrived in Liepzig -Attended lectures at the University on history and psychology -befriended Prof. Friedrich Ratzel (German Historian) Dr. Hans Meyer (German Anthropologist) - Translated Schiller’s William Tell (German-Tagalog) - Hans Christian Andersen Fairy Tales - Corrected some chapters of his novel - Worked as proof-reader in a publisher’s firm

    9. Dresden (two days sojourn) - met Dr. Adolph B. Meyer (Dir. of the Anthroplogical and Ethnological Museum) -heard the mass and which impresses him • Rizal Welcomed in Berlin’s Scientific Circles - Dr. Feodor Jagor (German Scientist-traveler and writer of Travels in the Phillippines) - Dr. Rudolf Virchow (German anthropologist) - Dr. Hans Virchow (Prof. Descriptive Anatomy) -Dr. W. Joest (German Geographer) - Dr. Karl Ernest Schweigger (Famous Opthalmologist

    10. - became a member of Anthropological, Ethnological and Geographical society (1st Asian to be accorded such honors) - Tagalische Verkunst (Tagalog Metrical Art) a scholarly paper written and lectured by Rizal before the Ethnographic society of Berlin and later was published by the society • Reasons for staying in Berlin: 1. To gain further knowledge in Ophthalmology 2. Further his studies of sciences and languages 3. Observe the economic and political conditions of the German nation

    11. 4. To associate with famous German scientists 5. To publish his novel Noli Me Tangere - Led a methodical and frugal life -Worked as an assistant to Dr. Schweigger and attended lectures at night in the University of Berlin -Practiced speaking in German, French and Italian - Took private lessons in French under Madam Lucie Cerdole -Perform daily exercises in Berlin gymnasium

    12. - Tour the countryside observing keenly the customs, dresses, homes and occupations of the peasants - Enjoyed promenading along Unter den Linden • On the German Women “She is not gossipy, frivolous, and quarrelsome like the Spanish women. She is not particular about beautiful dresses and expensive jewelry, though she could dress nicely like any other woman in the world” (Letter to Trinidad dated March 11, 1886)

    13. “Now that you are still young you should strive to read, read and learn. You must not allow yourself to be conquered by indolence because it cost so little to cast it off”(Advice to Trinidad) • German Customs - Christmas custom - Self-introduction to stranger • Rizal’s Darkest Winter • The diamond ring was in the pawnshop • Could not pay his landlord • Scrimp eating only one meal a day • Clothes are old and threadbare and washed them himself