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MARPOL Annex V – Special Area Provisions for the Wider Caribbean Region Jeff Ramos RAC/REMPEITC-Carib
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78) Annex I – Oil Annex II – Noxious Liquid Substances (NLS) Annex III – Harmful Substances in Packaged Form Annex IV – Sewage Annex V – Garbage Annex VI – Air Pollution
Annex V - Garbage • Regulates how ships handle and dispose of garbage based on different categories of waste • The categories are based on the impact they have on the environment • These categories are: • Plastic • Floating dunnage, lining or packing material • Ground down paper products, crockery, rags, metal, glass, etc. • Food waste • Incinerator ash
MARPOL 73/78 Annex VPrevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships • Garbage includes all kinds of food, domestic and operational waste, excluding fresh fish, generated during the normal operation of the vessel and liable to be disposed of continuously or periodically • The disposal of plastics into the sea is prohibited and garbage discharge of other garbage into coastal waters and “Special Areas” is severely restricted • Governments are to ensure the provision of reception facilities for garbage at ports and terminals
Annex V Special Areas • Special Area: A sea area where for recognized technical reasons in relation to its oceanographical and ecological condition and to the particular character of its traffic the adoption of special mandatory methods for the prevention of sea pollution by garbage is required • Prohibits the dumping of any garbage other than food waste into the sea
Special Areas - MARPOL 73/78 SOx emission control area “special area” requirements not in effect
Wider Caribbean Region as a Special Area • The Wider Caribbean Regional Workshop on Oil Spill Preparedness and Response and 'Special Area' Status under Annex V of MARPOL 73/78, held in Caracas, Venezuela, in October 1990, recommended that the Region be declared a 'Special Area' under Annex V of MARPOL in order to improve the marine environment of the Region • The designation entered into force on 4 April 1993, but cannot be enforced until the States of the Region declare there are adequate waste reception facilities to meet the needs of the ships trading there
MARPOL Annex V/5(4) • (4) Reception facilities within special areas: • (a) The Government of each Party to the Convention, the coastline of which borders a special area, undertakes to ensure that as soon as possible in all ports within a special area adequate reception facilities are provided in accordance with regulation 7 of this Annex, taking into account the special needs of ships operating in these areas. • (b) The Government of each Party concerned shall notify the Organization of the measures taken pursuant to subparagraph (a) of this regulation. Upon receipt of sufficient notifications the Organization shall establish a date from which the requirements of this regulation in respect of the area in question shall take effect. The Organization shall notify all Parties of the date so established no less than twelve months in advance of that date. • (c) After the date so established, ships calling also at ports in these special areas where such facilities are not yet available, shall fully comply with the requirements of this regulation.
Activities by RAC/REMPEITC-Carib • Nov ‘07 – MARPOL V seminars in Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, St. Kitts & Nevis, & St. Lucia • Oct ‘08 – MARPOL V seminar in Curacao, also attended by Bonaire, Saba, Suriname, & El Salvador • Jun ‘09 – Letters to WCR parties (25) of MARPOL V requesting endorsement to sponsor draft IMO submission • Nov ‘09 – MARPOL V seminar in Colombia, also attended by Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, & Nicaragua
Global Integrated Shipping Information System GISIS is an online, web-based system providing easy access for Member States to provide and maintain data, together with controlled access to the public of authorized information, as previously agreed by Member States.
MARPOL Annex V – Wider Caribbean RegionStatus as of 18Nov09 Y – Pending Official Letter * U.S. maintains “Coast Guard Maritime Information Exchange” website
Summary • It is vital that the WCR special area provisions of MARPOL V be implemented • Parties to MARPOL 73/78 need to provide port reception facilities & to inform IMO of such details • Parties need to endorse REMPEITC letter (Agreement to co-sponsor IMO submission to MEPC) • This information will facilitate the coming into force of the WCR special area status