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Torah. The Books of Moses. © John Stevenson, 2013. Dr. John T. Stevenson. http://JohnStevenson.net JohnStevenson@Bellsouth.net Jstevens@mail.tiu.edu. Course Objectives. Recognize the unity of the Torah--one book in five parts--and its major themes and purposes and its “spirit” or “heart.”

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the books of moses

Torah

The Books of Moses

© John Stevenson, 2013

dr john t stevenson
Dr. John T. Stevenson

http://JohnStevenson.net

JohnStevenson@Bellsouth.net

Jstevens@mail.tiu.edu

course objectives
Course Objectives
  • Recognize the unity of the Torah--one book in five parts--and its major themes and purposes and its “spirit” or “heart.”
  • Explore the various genres within this book and how to understand them and how to relate the parts to the whole.
  • Observe New Testament connections to the major themes of the Torah/ Pentateuch.
from paradise to promised land an introduction to the pentateuch by t d alexander
From Paradise to Promised Land: An Introduction to the PentateuchbyT. D. Alexander

Textbooks

respond to the charge that the mosaic law is obsolete for today
Respond to the charge that the Mosaic Law is obsolete for today

Applied Learning Paper

Option #1

Option #2

Compare & contrast Jewish versus Christian readings of the Torah

torah

Torah

Pentateuch

Greek: “Five-Part Book”

Hebrew: “Law, Instruction”

numbers

Genesis

Origins of God’s people from creation to Egypt

Numbers

Exodus

God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt and establishing His covenant

Leviticus

Laws of worship

Wilderness wanderings

Deuteronomy

Gives the Law to a new generation with special emphasis to those entering the land

documentary hypothesis

Deuteronomy

Documentary Hypothesis

Elohim

Jean Astruc:

Moses utilized two different source documents

Jehovah

Wilhelm de Wette:

Deuteronomy penned by alternate author

documentary hypothesis10

Deuteronomy

E-1

E-2

J

– Jehovah

E

– Elohim

D

P

– Deuteronomy

– Priestly

Documentary Hypothesis

Elohim

Herman Hulfeld:

Jehovah

Julius Wellhausen:

the unity of the torah
The Unity of the Torah
  • Genesis 50:24 - Exodus 1:7.
  • Exodus 40:34 - Leviticus1:2.
  • Leviticus 27:34 - Numbers 1:4.
  • Numbers 36:13 - Deuteronomy 1:5.
the book of beginnings

Genesis

The Book of Beginnings

these are the generations
“These are the generations…”
  • Hebrew:tAdl.At hL,ae - Elleh toledoth
  • Ten sets
  • History of account follows: “These are the things that followed…”

Adam

Abraham

Israel

Genesis 2:4 – 11:26

Genesis 11:27 – 50:26

5 Toledoth from

Adam to Abraham

5 Toledoth from

Abraham to Israel

genesis 1 11

Genesis 12-50

Genesis 1-11

  • People Predominant
    • Abraham
    • Isaac
    • Jacob
    • Joseph

Events Predominant

Creation

Fall

Flood

Tower of Babel

Race as a whole

Family of Abraham

Over 2000 years

250 years

beginning ending
Beginning & Ending
  • Genesis begins with God: “In the beginning God created…”
  • Genesis ends with a corpse: “…in a coffin in Egypt”
genesis 1 1
Genesis 1:1

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

  • The “who” of creation.
  • The work of creation.
  • The “what” of creation.
genesis 1 1 2
Genesis 1:1-2

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

And the earth was unformed and unfilled, and darkness was over the surface of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

unformed
Unformed

Unfilled

Day 4: Light-bearers (sun, moon, stars)

Day 1: Light

Day 5: Fish & birds to fill water & sky

Day 2: Water & sky divided

Day 6: Land animals & man

Day 3: Dry land & vegetation

Day 7: Sabbath Rest

theories of creation
Theories of Creation
  • Supernatural versus Evolutionary.
  • A Superficial Appearance of History.
  • The Gap Theory.
  • The Day/Age Theory.
  • The Non-Sequential Theory / Framework Theory.
  • The Literal Interpretation.
genesis 1 26 27

Genesis 1:26-27

The God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. (Genesis 1:26-27).

genesis 1 28

Genesis 1:28

God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

  • In the Image of God
  • Federal Headship
  • Stewardship and a basis for Ecology
the image of god

The Earth as Temple

The image of God

genesis 1

Genesis 2

Creation of the man and woman (no time element mentioned).

Genesis 1

Man in his cosmic setting

Man as central to God’s purpose

The heavens and the earth are created in six days.

Panorama of creation as a whole

Detailed focus on one aspect of creation

Centers on God creating the heavens and the earth

Centers on man as the crowning act of God’s creation

compare contrast these three views

Group Activity

Compare & Contrast these three views:

Resource View of the Natural World

Romantic View of the Natural World

Biblical

View of the Natural World

creation complete heavens earth created god finished his work 1 3
Creation complete: Heavens & earth created; God finished His work (1-3)

Man created: Formed from dust (4-9)

Trees & Rivers in garden given names (9-14)

creation complete heavens earth created god finished his work 1 328
Creation complete: Heavens & earth created; God finished His work (1-3)

Man created: Formed from dust (4-9)

Trees & Rivers in garden given names (9-14)

Man assigned task of guarding & keeping the garden (15)

Forbidden fruit (16-17)

slide29

And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die.“ (Genesis 2:16-17)

creation complete heavens earth created god finished his work 1 330
Creation complete: Heavens & earth created; God finished His work (1-3)

Man created: Formed from dust (4-9)

Trees & Rivers in garden given names (9-14)

Man assigned task of guarding & keeping the garden (15)

Forbidden fruit (16-17)

Man in need of a helper: not good to be alone (18)

Animals in garden are given names(19-20)

Woman created: Formed from rib (21-24)

Creation complete: Man & woman naked & unashamed in presence of God (25)

slide31

When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. (Genesis 3:6)

slide33

And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel. (Genesis 3:15)

slide34

Seed of the Serpent

Seed of the Woman

Cain & Abel

How is the Cain & Abel narrative related to the larger story of Genesis?

slide35

Seed of the Serpent

Seed of the Woman

Cain

Abel

And Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, "God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel; for Cain killed him." (Genesis 4:25).

Lamech

Literally,

“another SEED”

slide36

Seed of the Serpent

Seed of the Woman

Cain

Abel & Seth

Enoch

Lamech

Noah

Ham

Shem

Canaan

Abraham

slide37

Noah

Adam

Ten Generations

Ten Generations

Noah

Terah

Three sons

Three sons

slide38

Adam

Noah

900

800

700

600

500

400

Enoch

300

200

100

Morris & Whitcomb, The Genesis Flood

genesis 9 20 22

Genesis 9:20-22

Then Noah began farming and planted a vineyard. 21 He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22 Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

genesis 9 23

Genesis 9:23

But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were turned away, so that they did not see their father's nakedness.

genesis 9 24 25

Genesis 9:24-25

25 So he said,

“Cursed be Canaan;

A servant of servants

He shall be to his brothers.”

When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him.

genesis 9 26 27

Genesis 9:26-27

He also said,

“Blessed be the LORD,

The God of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.

27 May God enlarge Japheth,

And let him dwell in the tents of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.”

genesis 9 26 2743

T.p.y:

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Genesis 9:26-27

He also said,

“Blessed be the LORD,

The God of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.

27 May God enlarge Japheth,

And let him dwell in the tents of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.”

genesis 9 26 2744

Genesis 9:26-27

He also said,

“Blessed be the LORD,

The God of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.

27 May God enlarge Japheth,

And let him dwell in the tents of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.”

To whom does the pronoun refer?

27 may god enlarge japheth and let him dwell in the tents of shem and let canaan be his servant
27 May God enlarge Japheth,

And let him dwell in the tents of Shem;

And let Canaan be his servant.”

To whom does the pronoun refer?

slide46

Noah

Adam

Plants a Garden

Eats the fruit of the tree

Drinks of the fruit of the vine

Results in recognizing his nakedness

Results in lying naked in his tent

Placed into a Garden

Results in a curse

Results in a lasting division of the seed

Followed by a genealogy to demonstrate the division

slide47

Japheth

Shem

Ham

if we do not count the three sons of noah there are a total of 70 names in this table

What is significant about this number?

If we do not count the three sons of Noah, there are a total of 70 names in this table.

…all the persons of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy (Genesis 46:27)

slide49

When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance,When He separated the sons of man,He set the boundaries of the peoplesAccording to the number of the sons of Israel.9 For the Lord’s portion is His people,Jacob is the allotment of His inheritance. (Deuteronomy 32:7-9).