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NORTH AMERICAN ENGLISH VOWEL SYSTEMS. Subsystems of English vowels. English vowels. Short. Long. Upgliding. Long and ingliding. Back upgliding. Front upgliding. THE PHONOTACTICS OF ENGLISH VOWELS. LONG VOWELS heat hate height quote hoot heed hayed hide hoed who ’ d he hay high hoe who

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subsystems of english vowels
Subsystems of English vowels

English vowels

Short

Long

Upgliding

Long and ingliding

Back upgliding

Front upgliding

the phonotactics of english vowels
THE PHONOTACTICS OF ENGLISH VOWELS

LONG VOWELS

heat hate height quote hoot

heed hayed hide hoed who’d

he hay high hoe who

SHORT VOWELS

pit pet pat pot putt put

bid bead bad bod bud hood

*[pɪ] *[pɛ] *[pæ] *[po] *[pʌ] *[pʊ]

the basic condition
The basic condition

English words cannot end with a stressed vowel

phonemes of american english in broad ipa notation kurath 1977 18 19
Phonemes of American English in broad IPA notation. (Kurath 1977: 18-19)

Checked Free

Front Back Front Central Back

/ɪ/ /ʊ/ /i/ /u/

/e/ /ʌ/ /e/ /ɜ˞//o/

/æ/ /ɑ/ /ɔ/

Diphthongs

/ai/

/au/

/oi/

see sue

say so

saw

sigh

sow

soy

anae notation for the word classes of north american english
ANAE notation for the word classes of North American English

kid could

Ked cud

cad cod

keyed

cade coy

hide

suit cooed

code

cowed

cawed

father

representations of english vowels
Representations of English vowels

iɪeɛæɑɔʌoʊu

FLEECE KIT FACE DRESS TRAP LOT THOUGHT STRUT GOAT FOOT GOOSE PRICE MOUTH CHOICE

Long

Short

Long and ingliding

Upgliding

Front upgliding

Back upgliding

iw uw

ow

aw

ih uh

eh oh

æh ah

oh

æh ah

i u

e ʌ

æ o

iy

ey oy

ay

ai awoy

r-less

organization of the long and ingliding vowels in an r ful mid atlantic dialect
Organization of the long and ingliding vowels in an r-ful Mid-Atlantic dialect

front back

high ihuh

idea skua

mid eh oh

yeah law

thought

low ææh ah o

calve

savvy salve balm bomb

have halve calm Tom

salmon almond common

rather father bother

baah spa *

vowel sub systems before r

Intervocalic

Vowel sub-systems before R

Coda

ihr uhr

ehr ohr

ɔhr

ahr

iyrV uwrV

irV urV

eyrV

erV orV

ærV arV

beer boor

bare four

for

bar

nearer Jewry

mirror jury

Mary

merry Murray

marry

slide12

/ohr/ /ɔhr/ /ahr/

ore or are

four for far

hoarse horse sparse

mourning morning darning

source force farce

core corps car

cored cord card

pork storm park