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The Most Important Part of any Project is the Planning • Determine what type of wood to use for the box (pine, cedar, cypress, pre-treated, etc.) • Decide how the box will be finished (paint, stain, clear sealer, or remain unfinished) • Determine what type of fasteners will be used (nails, screws, staples, glue) • Establish what size box fits your needs
Design • Design the box so it is pleasing to the eye and there is a minimal amount of waste material • Provide drainage holes for excess water • Mechanically draw or sketch the design of the box. Include material to be used, dimensions of the box, (length, width, height) and fastener placement • Include a materials list determining the quantity and size of all pieces.
Cutting and Building • Cut the pieces to size using a saw (power saw or hand saw) • Mark the location of all fasteners • Assemble the box using the appropriate fasteners in the locations according to the drawing • Mark and drill the drainage holes using a drill press, power hand drill, or manual hand drill
Prep for Finish • Make sure all fasteners are below the surface of the wood. Nail or screw holes can be filled with a wood filler. • Sand entire box using a medium grit sandpaper (80 or 100 grit. The higher the number, the finer and smoother the sandpaper) • Caulk all seems to seal joints
Priming and Painting • Apply one coat of primer ( latex (water) or oil base) • Brush or spray on a thin primer coat ( brush in the direction of the grain of the wood) • After primer coat dries, lightly sand with a 200 grit sandpaper to smooth finish • Apply one to two thin coats of a quality exterior grade paint. ( latex or oil base) Be creative!
Soil and Plant Selection Place landscape fabric in the bottom of the planter box -used to help preserve box and keep soil from coming out of the bottom holes Scoop soil into planter box-about one inch from the top -pat down slightly Water soil Selecting plants – will the plants require full sun (8 hours of sun) or shade? All the plants we used were full sun We added 6 plants
Plant Placement and Planting • Plants should also be selected and placed according to how tall they will get • Plants selected: • Zinnia- tallest-center • Celosia and marigold-next to center • Ageratum-shorter plant-near end • Sweet alyssum and petunia-both trailing plants (will hang over the side)-one on each end • When planting, use your hand to dig a hole big enough to cover the root ball of the plant (soil and roots) • Place plant (root ball) in the hole, cover completely w/soil • Water newly planted plants thoroughly (until water runs freely from the bottom)