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Teaching Community Assessments . Kay Olson, RN MN Washington State University College of Nursing. Teaching Objectives. Perform assessments at the individual/family, community & systems levels. Synthesize evidence-based data from research findings & professional literature.

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teaching community assessments

Teaching Community Assessments

Kay Olson, RN MN

Washington State University

College of Nursing

teaching objectives
Teaching Objectives
  • Perform assessments at the individual/family, community & systems levels.
  • Synthesize evidence-based data from research findings & professional literature.
  • Propose and/or initiate nursing interventions using Community Health Nursing concepts and models.
core functions 10 essential services
Core Functions & 10 Essential Services
  • Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems.
  • Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
  • Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
  • Mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems.
  • Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
  • Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
  • Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
  • Assure competent public and personal health care workforce.
  • Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
  • Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
community health
Community Health

Defining Community

  • Community: Group of people having common personal/environmental characteristics
    • Geopolitical: Defined or formed by natural or manmade boundaries.
    • Phenominological: Relational, interactive groups based on:
      • Culture
      • Values
      • History
      • Interests
      • Goals
teach both
Teach Both
  • Windshield Survey
    • Choose a geographical area to assess.
      • Example – Benton City, Central Richland, 2 mile radius of elementary school, etc.
  • Population Project
    • Phenominological: Relational, interactive groups based on:
      • Culture
      • Values
      • History
      • Interests
      • Goals
        • Example: Migrant Farm Workers, Office Workers, Seventh Day Adventist
population project
Population Project
  • Literature Research/Annotated Bibliography
  • Demographics
    • National – State – Local
    • Numbers related to population
      • Example: Total numbers,ethnicity,education level, employed, gender, etc.
    • Both help the students learn about the population, or identify determinants of health or risk factors.
population project1
Population Project
  • Key informant Interviews
    • Develop Questions
      • Members of population, Healthcare Providers, support persons (families, co-workers, school staff, etc.)
    • Conduct Interviews
      • Each student required to do at least two interviews.
population project2
Population Project
  • Goals of project
    • Identify needs of population
    • Develop policies or interventions to address identified needs
    • Assurance that intervention is effective
windshield survey
Windshield Survey
  • Assigned/select geographical area
    • Drive area and complete assessment through “windshield”
    • Use Likert Scale to rate buildings, services, facilities, etc.
    • Reflect and consider :
      • Social class
      • General impression of community
      • Consider current inadequacies and whether/how these are being addressed, and by whom
plan of action
Plan of Action
  • Population Project
    • 6 Groups – 6 populations
      • Assessment – Synthesize evidence-based data from research findings & professional literature
      • Key informant interviews
  • Windshield Survey
    • Targeting area Middle Schools
      • 2 schools each in Richland, Pasco & Kennewick
      • Plus Benton City, Prosser & Connell
expectation of process
Expectation of Process
  • Students to report findings to Steering Committee
  • Population Project & Windshield Survey
      • Identified unmet needs of target populations & geographical areas
  • Add Quality Data/Information
mentors
Mentors
  • Role of Mentors
    • Partner with Student Groups to Provide Support
      • Expertise
      • Contacts
      • Knowledge of resources
      • Access to key informants