The Black Brant Upper Atmosphere Rocket 27 ft. long, 17 inches diameter Weight 2000 lb. Thrust: 20,000 lb.
The first Bristol Black Brant II was launched from Churchill Manitoba in October 1960
A daylight launch at Churchill 1960’s
Black Brant III Smaller Less expensive 18 feet long, 10 inches diameter First Launched: June 1962 at Wallops Island Virginia
Aerial view of the NASA range at Wallops Island on the Atlantic Coast of Virginia USA
Mounting a Black Brant III on one of the Wallops rail launchers
Bristol Engineer Ralph Bullock Checking out a BBIII payload
More BB IIIs Summer 1963 California
and his 16 inch smooth bore gun McGill University Professor Dr Gerry Bull
Barbados test firing of the 16 inch gun. Length 120 feet, Acceleration 5,000 to 20,000 g Gerry Bull was assassinated in 1990 after selling super guns to Saddam Hussein
Designed and built at CRC, for about $50 million, CTS was launched 17 Jan 1976.
Also at CRC, in 1976, Canadademonstrated the first satellite Search and Rescue System, using Amateur satellite Oscar VI
Started in 1980 and launched in 1995, Radarsat-1 shows ice floes off Ellesmere Island
The Canadarm In 1969, Canada received an invitation from NASA to join the U.S. Space Shuttle Program. In July 1975, an agreement was signed committing Canada to provide NASA with a robotic arm called the "Remote Manipulator System," (RMS) for the shuttle’s cargo bay.
The National Research Council developed the Manipulator System, Dr. Garry Lindberg was the first project manager. Work began on the program in 1975. SPAR Aerospace was selected as prime contractor. • Canada built the first arm, paying for its design, construction and testing and in April 1981 it was delivered to NASA. • NASA bought three more arms at $75 million each.
Jim Abrahamson In 1981 he was deputy head of the Shuttle program Later he headed up Reagan’s “Star Wars” anti ballistic missile program
First Canadarm Flight • In the fall of 1981, the second manned flight of the Space Shuttle carried a Canadarm • The Shuttle was piloted by US astronaut Joe Engle, and the ARM was operated by US astronaut Dick Truly • I went to Florida for the launch and then to Mission Control in Houston for the week of the flight
Shuttle STS-2 on the launch pad at Cape Kennedy December 1981
My son Jim at age 17 at Mission Control Houston, admiring the business end of a Saturn V Moon Rocket December 1981
The Canadarm in space aboard the Shuttle
The Canadian Astronaut Program • In September 1982 Canada was invited by NASA to put a Canadian astronaut aboard the Space Shuttle • At NRC we started a minimum program with 6 astronauts • In 1984 Marc Garneau, was the selected to be the first Canadian in space
Pre-dawn launch of Marc’s flight October 5th 1984