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Response to Intervention (RTI)Lindenhurst Schools2007-2008 Long Island Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (LIASCD) Fall Conference – October 19, 2007
Workshop Objectives • Understanding the stages of adopting and integrating RTI into several elementary schools • Identify factors that contribute to the effective implementation of RTI • Recognizing the importance of a collaborative approach • Understanding the necessity of managing data • Sharing ideas and insights between districts http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/onlinemodules.html
Response to Intervention - RTI • Federal Government - • Reauthorization of IDEA in 2004 • Shift in identifying students with reading difficulties and classifying them Learning Disabled. • General Education and Special Education work in a collaborative model. Roles of each teacher must be redefined to address literacy. • Schools must shift resources to support struggling readers in the general education setting.
Definition of RTI • High-quality instruction/intervention that is matched to students’ needs and has been demonstrated through scientific research and practice to produce high learning rates for most students • Learning rate and level of performance are the primary sources of information used in ongoing decision-making • Important educational decisions about intensity and duration of interventions are based on individual student’s response to instruction across multiple tiers of intervention. National Association of State Directors of Special Education, 2005
Problem-solving Model – ISTProcess, not interventions, are standardized Individualized plan for each child that involves different levels of consultation: • Description of student’s problem • Data collection and problem analysis • Intervention design and implementation – differentiated instruction determined by data • Progress monitoring • Evaluation of intervention effectiveness • Flexible groupings throughout the year Wilson, 2007
Interventions are NOT • Shortened assignments • Preferential seating • Parent contacts • Classroom observations • Suspensions • Doing more of the same assignments • Retention McCook, J., 2005
CORE Concepts of RTI • Research-based instruction – core programs are taught with fidelity as intended to maximize effectiveness. Instruction is focused on achieving state standards • Use of data to inform instruction – universal screening of all students to measure and to monitor the development of skills – provide program accountability • Measurement of response – progress monitoring is used to determine the effectiveness of interventions – it is systematic, documented, and shared with staff
Intervention Organized in Tiers • Layers of intervention responding to students’ needs • Each tier provides more intensive and supportive intervention • Aimed at preventing reading disabilities • Torgeson, 2004
Multi-Tiered Response FEW SOME ALL
Three Levels of Assessment • Benchmark Assessment – 3 times a year • Are there children who need additional support? • How many? • Which children? • What to do? Evaluate benchmark assessment data • Progress Monitoring – - Assess at-risk children more frequently – every two weeks - Are current programs sufficient to keep progress on track or are additional supports / interventions needed? • Strategic Monitoring - weekly monitoring
What decisions do we make with data? • Plan for support with focus on BIG IDEAS. • Grouping – small group instruction, homogenous groups, differentiated instruction, flexible grouping. • Time – How much? How Frequently? When? • Teacher / Student Interactions – modeling, direct explanation, increase student engagement, increase guided practice with immediate feedback, scaffolding to support learning, review
BIG IDEAS • Phonemic Awareness • Alphabetic Principle • Accuracy and Fluency with connected text • Vocabulary • Comprehension
General Outcome Measures- (GOM) of Early Literacy • Relevant Features • Measure Basic Early Literacy Skills (Big Ideas) • Efficient • Standardized • Sensitive to growth and change over time and to the effects of intervention
How can we use GOM to change Reading Outcomes? • Begin Early • Focus Instruction on the BIG IDEAS of Early Literacy • Focus Assessment on Outcomes for Students
Getting Started….. • Select a team – • Classroom teachers, reading specialists, psychologist, building principal, special education teacher(s), speech teacher, other. People that have a vested interest in reading and literacy outcomes. • Attend training sessions • Plan for data collection – • Who will collect data? • When will you collect data? • How will you collect data?
Collecting Data • Plan and Schedule Data Collection • Organize Resources • Collect Data • Enter the Data • Use Data for Educational Decision Making
Scheduling Data Collection • Classroom Approach – Obtain coverage for classroom teacher. Approximately 1-2 minutes per benchmark per student. Teacher works in hallway / room. Advantages – Teachers assess own students, less disruptive to entire school. Disadvantages – Loss of instructional time, coverage, requires more days. • Building-wide Approach – Multiple specialists / trained members of team will assess students. Teacher brings class to library, cafeteria, gym, or other location with tables. Entire class can be assessed in 30 minutes. Advantages – can be completed in one day, minimal classroom disruptions and loss of instructional time. Disadvantages – space, trained staff, teachers not assessing.
Benchmark Assessments Kindergarten Fall – Initial Sound Fluency (ISF), Letter Naming Fluency (LNF), Letter Sound Fluency (LSF) Winter – Letter Naming Fluency (LNF), Letter Sound Fluency (LSF), Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF), Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF) Spring – Same as Winter
Benchmark Assessments Grade 1 Fall – Letter Naming Fluency (LNF), Letter Sound Fluency (LSF), Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF), Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF) Winter – Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF), Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF), DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency (DORF), Maze Spring – Same as Winter
Benchmark Assessment – Cont’d Grade 2 – 5 • Oral Reading Fluency • Maze (Comprehension)
Data Management System AIMS Web – Achievement Improvement Monitoring System www.aimsweb.com
School Readiness for RTI • Assessment: screening measures, progress monitoring practices and procedures • Curriculum: high-quality, research-based core curricula • Instruction: focus on effective instruction and interventions
School Readiness - Continued • Positive School Climate: school-wide processes and structures, individual student interventions, and a professional learning community • Professional Development: outcome focused content and ongoing assistance • Leadership: problem solving and individual characteristics of strong leaders Closing the Achievement Gap: School Readiness for RtI, Sopris West Educational Services, 2007
Thank You for Your Attention and Participation