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Figurative Language. Figuring it Out. Literal and Figurative. Language. LITERALLY. Literally: words function exactly as define Examples: The car is blue . He caught the football. FIGURATIVELY. Figuratively : F igure out what it means; Figures of Speech.

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figuring it out

Figurative Language

Figuring it Out

literally
LITERALLY

Literally: words function exactly as define

Examples: The car is blue.

He caught the football.

figuratively
FIGURATIVELY

Figuratively: Figure out what it means; Figures of Speech.

Examples:I’vegot your back.

You’re a doll.

review
REVIEW

Simile: Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”

Examples: Busy as a bee.

Dry as a bone.

Crazy like a fox.

remember
REMEMBER!

Using “like” or “as”doesn’t make a simile.

A comparison must be made.

Not a Simile: I like elephants.

Simile: He stomped like an elephant.

review1
REVIEW

Metaphor: Two things are compared

without using “like” or “as.”

Examples: He’s a walking dictionary.

My brother’s a couch potato.

Time is money.

review2
REVIEW

Personification: Giving human traits to

objects or ideas.

Examples: The sad, run-down house.

The moon gave me a mid- night wink.

The flowers drank the rain.

review3
REVIEW

Hyperbole: Exaggerating to show strong

feeling or effect.

Examples: That joke is so old, the last

time I heard it I was riding a

dinosaur.

It was so cold the polar

bears wore jackets.

review4
REVIEW

Understatement:Expression with less strength than

expected. The opposite of hyperbole.

  • Examples: After barely escaping with his life, he
  • turned to me and said “well, that was interesting.”
  • The girl’s dancing was so bad, the only
  • thing the teacher could say was
  • “Well, your style is unique.”
allusion
ALLUSION
  • Allusion:A reference made to something that is not
  • directly mentioned.

Examples: I was surprised his nose didn’t grow.

  • (referring to Pinocchio)
  • He was a real Romeo with the ladies
  • (referring to William Shakespeare’s “Romeo
  • and Juliette”)
onomatopoeia
ONOMATOPOEIA
  • Onomatopoeia: A figure of speech that names a
  • thing or an action by imitating the
  • sound associated with it.
  • Examples: buzz, hiss, flutter, flap, roar, woof, pling, splish-splash, plop, smack,
  • crash, boom, pow, ring-ring, thud,
  • ribbit, whoosh, zonk.
alliteration
ALLITERATION
  • Alliteration:A figure of speech that is a phrase that
  • contains the repetition of usually beginning
  • consonant sounds in two or more
  • neighboring words.
  • Examples: The wild and wooly walrus waits and
  • wonders when we’ll walk by.
  • Three grey geese in a green field grazing,
  • grey were the geese and green was the
  • grazing.
irony
IRONY
  • Irony: Irony is a tragic twist to what should
  • have been a happy moment.
  • Examples: He won the million dollar powerball
  • and died the next day.
  • The Titanic was advertised as being
  • 100% unsinkable, but in 1912, the
  • ship sank on its very first voyage.
slide15
Quiz

On a separate sheet of paper…

  • I will put an example of figurative language on the board.
  • You will write whether it is a simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, understatement, allusion, alliteration, onomotapoeia, or irony.
  • You may use your notes.
number one
NUMBER ONE

The old dog was blind as a bat.

number two
NUMBER TWO

They were all chickens hiding under the bed.

number three
Number three

They could hear the ribbitbut couldn’t see the frog.

number four
NUMBER FOUR

Looking outside, all she could see was rabbits running over roses.

number five
NUMBER FIVE

The bees played hide and seek

with the flowers.

number six
NUMBER SIX

She’s as thin as a toothpick.

number seven
NUMberseveN

Gentlemen, you can't fight in here! This is the War Room.

number 8
NUMBER 8

He was a Good Samaritan yesterday when he helped the lady start her car.

number nine
NUMBER NINE

Well, that was interesting, he said, after narrowly missed being hit by a bullet.

number ten
NUMBER TEN

Carrie never stops talking.

answers
Answers

Simile

Metaphor

Onomotapoeia

Alliteration

Personification

Simile/Hyperbole

Irony

Allusion

Understatement

Hyperbole