Figurative Language. Figuring it Out. Literal and Figurative. Language. LITERALLY. Literally: words function exactly as define Examples: The car is blue . He caught the football. FIGURATIVELY. Figuratively : F igure out what it means; Figures of Speech.
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Figuring it Out
Literally: words function exactly as define
Examples: The car is blue.
He caught the football.
Figuratively: Figure out what it means; Figures of Speech.
Examples:I’vegot your back.
You’re a doll.
Simile: Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”
Examples: Busy as a bee.
Dry as a bone.
Crazy like a fox.
Using “like” or “as”doesn’t make a simile.
A comparison must be made.
Not a Simile: I like elephants.
Simile: He stomped like an elephant.
Metaphor: Two things are compared
without using “like” or “as.”
Examples: He’s a walking dictionary.
My brother’s a couch potato.
Time is money.
Personification: Giving human traits to
objects or ideas.
Examples: The sad, run-down house.
The moon gave me a mid- night wink.
The flowers drank the rain.
Hyperbole: Exaggerating to show strong
feeling or effect.
Examples: That joke is so old, the last
time I heard it I was riding a
It was so cold the polar
bears wore jackets.
Understatement:Expression with less strength than
expected. The opposite of hyperbole.
Examples: I was surprised his nose didn’t grow.
On a separate sheet of paper…
The old dog was blind as a bat.
They were all chickens hiding under the bed.
They could hear the ribbitbut couldn’t see the frog.
Looking outside, all she could see was rabbits running over roses.
The bees played hide and seek
with the flowers.
She’s as thin as a toothpick.
Gentlemen, you can't fight in here! This is the War Room.
He was a Good Samaritan yesterday when he helped the lady start her car.
Well, that was interesting, he said, after narrowly missed being hit by a bullet.
Carrie never stops talking.