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Le corps dans la parole

Le corps dans la parole

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Le corps dans la parole

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  1. Le corps dans la parole Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre Université Lyon 2 Lumière

  2. The corporeity of speech • The corporeity of speech – vocal non-verbal expressions • Vocal non-verbal expressions in communication • Staging corporeity: informality, confidence and sociability Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  3. Vocal non-verbal expressions I • sounds or combinations of sounds which are not "verbal", but can be considered as an utterance • Affective sound, interjection, holophrastic utterance, non-speech sound, vocal non-verbal manifestation, minimal utterance [...] Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  4. manifestation of emotions (cathartic functions) manifestation of corporeal functions (absorption of food, digestion, sexuality) Vocal non-verbal expressions II • controllable • it is possible to produce them intentionally Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  5. Vocal non-verbal expressions III • strongly conventionalised and possible to describe with words (groan, whistle ...) • conventionalised, but calls for rephrasing ([i:], [ae]) • less conventionalised and hard to describe (sounds produced when one is shaking, when one gets frightened etc.) Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  6. groaning as an answer within an interaction (i.e. during a speech) faked effort iconised symptom [i:] nearer to the body « faukale Distanz »: absorption of food and retching the vocal expression of this procces is related to the expression of pleasure and disgust Vocal non-verbal expressions IV Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  7. Vocal non-verbal expressions in communication I • research project : Chemnitz (Werner Holly), Trier (Ulrich Püschel), Giessen (Jörg Bergmann) • ethnomethology, ethnography, Cultural Studies, pragmalinguistics Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  8. Vocal non-verbal expressions in communication II • Example 1 – Arachnophobia / Hennig • 01 Yvette i:: h: ua:: ((screams)) • 02 Andrea ((screams)) • 03 Maria <<p> ihr blödn> weiber (--) ihr blödn weiber ihr • 04 Yvette ((laughs)) • 05 Werner warum bläkt ihr da • 06 Maria das möcht ich o: wissn (--) die is doch euch nich • 07 angehupst (--) oar das is doch ä volk • 08 Andrea <<laughing> ua:> • 09 Yvette ((laughs)) • 10 Andrea ((laughs)) Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  9. Vocal non-verbal expressions in communication III • the different vocal non-verbal expressions and their status within the interaction of the television viewers • the answers of the other participants • the usefulness of vocal non-verbal expressions in communication Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  10. different vocal non-verbal expressions • vocal non-verbal expressions to explicit fear and pleasure (creeps) • position of vocal non-verbal expressions in the sequence Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  11. the answers of the other participants • intimity and intensity induce a reaction, and even a physical one • the verbal and inappropriate answers are to be explained by the specificity of the reception atmosphere Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  12. the usefulness of vocal non-verbal expressions in communication • concise, intense and precise utterances • the use of vocal non-verbal expressions is not to be reduced to catharsis, but has different fonctions in the interaction Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  13. Staging corporeity I • the acceptation of corporeity in communication is related to the framing of the situation • "vocal sounds help to establish a frame of informality" (Hausendorf/Quasthoff 1995, 233) Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  14. Staging corporeity II • tolerated corporeity • intimate corporeity • play corporeity Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  15. Staging corporeity III "Human beings need to have some distance from intimate observation by others in order to feel sociable. Increase intimate contact and you decrease sociability." (Sennett 1974/1986, 15) Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  16. Staging corporeity IV Example 2 – Chameleons / Paul 01 Sabine o:ar 02 Niklas (--) <<p> oar> 03 Sabine (2) (pass of (-) is ne) gute kamerastellung (--) einstellung (2) 04 ((clicks his tongue)) (4) ((clicks his tongue laughing)) pass of (2) o:a 05 Niklas (2) <<p> zeitlupe> 06 Sabine (--) <<laughing> oar igitt> Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  17. Staging corporeity V "The relationship between childhood play and the adult culture which today enervates it can be cast in the form of a conflict between two psychic principles. One of these is the principle which leads children to invest a great deal of passion in an impersonal situation governed by rules, and to think of expression in the situation as a matter of the remaking and the perfecting of those rules to give greater pleasure and promote greater sociability with others. This is play. It conflicts with the principle which has come to govern the state of adult culture [...]" (Sennett 1974/1986, 315) Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech

  18. The end Heike Baldauf-Quilliatre / the corporeity of speech