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JP Zenger : Freedom of the Press and the Development of Political Parties. What’s happening?. By the 1730s, all colonies are royal Grievances now not against an investment company or proprietor, but rather against the government itself

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Presentation Transcript
what s happening
What’s happening?
  • By the 1730s, all colonies are royal
    • Grievances now not against an investment company or proprietor, but rather against the government itself
    • Colonists begin to unite in their frustrations with less control over their own lives
the emergence of political factions in ny
Landholders

Albany and Hudson River area

Fur traders

Long-term land users

Merchants

NYC as center of interest

Real estate speculators

The emergence of political factions in NY

These divisions changed with the issue and changed over time, were not binding! In the 1660s, these factions become the first political parties, as people move from being issue-based to trying to get elected.

so what s with jpz
So, What’s with JPZ?
  • Landholders in Albany start their own newspaper, editor is John Peter Zenger
  • JPZ publishes articles exposing the colonial governor’s corruption in 1734
  • The question: Can you be tried for libel if what you say is true?
    • In GB, JPZ would be tried and convicted, paper shut down
the trial
The Trial…
  • JPZ is tried by jury
  • NOT GUILTY!
  • Established the freedom of the press to criticize the government
  • Now colonists have more rights than other GB citizens…
the after effects
The after-effects
  • Principles used in the JPZ case are used to justify political self-interest, but become a part of our written constitution…
  • In the long run, it ends up helping us that they were selfish in JPZ’s time!
slide7

The French and Indian War

British and American Colonists v. French and their Indian allies

the history of britain and france in the colonies
English

Colonists on the eastern coast

Founded towns

Cleared land to plant crops

French

Settled inland

Established forts

Protected land claims

The History of Britain and France in the Colonies

RESULT: French have better relationship with the Native Americans

conflict in the ohio river valley
Conflict in the Ohio River Valley
  • 1754- King George II grants the colonists 200,000 acres of the Ohio River Valley
  • Colonists cross the Appalachians to survey land and trade w/ the Indians
  • Gov. Dinwiddie’s Message
    • The French feel this is a threat to their holdings-they build a line of forts
  • Competition in this territory leads to war
the war
The War
  • Difficult for Britain because of battle tactics
  • May 1754- British surrender Fort Necessity
    • French regain control of Ohio Valley
  • July 1755- French & Indians surprise the British
    • killed 1/3 of British forces including the commander, Braddock
    • B’s aide, George Washington survives and organizes a GB retreat.
  • 1757- William Pitt becomes Britain’s PM
    • raised taxes
    • borrows money to fight the war,
    • installs new, effective leadership
  • 1758: Britain begins to successfully attack French forts and settlements
who is going to win
Who is going to win???
  • July 1759- French retreat to Canada. The Iroquois, having played both sides, officially join the British.
  • Sept. 1759- Fall of Quebec
  • Sept. 1760- British take Montréal (gives GB control over all Canada)
    • George III ascends to the throne- Pitt is out of office!
  • 1761- British seize Fort Detroit and other posts on the Great Lakes
  • 1763- Treaty of Paris
treaty of paris 1763
Treaty of Paris (1763)

?

  • Representatives from GB, France, and Spain, France’s ally, meet
  • France turned over Canada to Britain
  • France surrenders claims to all land east of the Mississippi with the exception of New Orleans- given to Spain in a secret treaty a year before
  • GB returns Cuba, captured in the war, to Spain in exchange for FL
post war drama
Post-War = DRAMA!
  • British believed the colonists did not supply enough support for the war
  • American colonists were shocked at the weakness of Britain’s army
    • they even demanded to be led by colonial officers!
  • Americans found that Britain did not share their same values
  • Americans felt a lack of respect from the British
french and indian war bumper stickers
French and Indian War Bumper Stickers

Something Witty and Relevant

Something Else Witty and Relevant

  • Choose twoperspectives from the list below:
    • Immigrant living in the Appalachians,
    • merchant from NY,
    • plantation owner living in SC,
    • Quaker from Philadelphia,
    • young woman whose brother is fighting,
    • free African American man,
    • William Pitt,
    • Governor Dinwiddie,
    • George Washington
  • Design a bumper sticker about the F&I War from each perspective… would they have been pro-French or pro-GB?
  • Then, below it, explain who this person was and WHY they would have had this perspective on the war. Did they participate? Watch from the sidelines? Help a certain side? Gain/lose business because of it?