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CN-177/5 Regulatory Infrastructure Existing in Armenia. International Conference on Effective Nuclear Regulatory Systems: Further Enhancing the Global Nuclear Safety and Security Regime. 14-18 December 2009 Cape Town, South Africa. Ashot Martirosyan Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority.

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Cn 177 5 regulatory infrastructure existing in armenia

CN-177/5Regulatory Infrastructure Existing in Armenia

International Conference on Effective Nuclear Regulatory Systems: Further Enhancing the Global Nuclear Safety and Security Regime

14-18 December 2009Cape Town, South Africa

Ashot Martirosyan

Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority

Armenian npp
Armenian NPP

  • 1976 – start-up of Unit № 1

  • 1980 – start-up of Unit №2

    Shut down in 1989 following earthquake in 1988

  • Unit №1 - February 1989

  • Unit №2 - March 1989

    April 1993 - Government of Armenia adopted decree on Armenian NPP Unit №2 Restart

  • Restart of unit №2 - November 1995


  • Government decree №573 as of 16 November 1993 on establishment of regulatory authority for nuclear and radiation safety (ANRA) and approval of its statute and structure (amended under Government Decree № 70 as of 19.02.2000, Government Decree № 2183-N as of 26 December 2002, Government Decree as of 01 December 2005)

  • 1993-1995: assessment of safety related documents, inspections of activities on preparation of ANPP restart

  • Since 1996 ANRA performs regulation in the full scope: authorization, regulatory review and assessment, inspection and enforcement, establishment of safety regulations and guides

  • In accordance with the President ordinance № 912-N as of 27 June, 2002, the ANRA was reorganized into an Inspectorate within the Ministry for Nature Protection of RA

  • Under the Ordinance of President of Armenia adopted on 21 May 2008 ANRA was reorganized into the State Committee under the Government of Armenia for Nuclear Safety Regulation

Organizational chart of anra
Organizational Chart of ANRA

Anra s task
ANRA’s task

State regulation at atomic energy utilization (safety of nuclear facilities, the safe use of ionizing radiation sources, the safe management of radioactive waste, and the safe transport of radioactive and nuclear materials) aimed to ensure the safety of population and personnel, environmental safety and to defend safety interests of the Republic of Armenia.

ANRA regulates the nuclear and radiation safety of Armenian NPP, dry spent nuclear fuel storage facility, ionizing radiation sources, RADON radioactive wastes storage facility, and of other facilities where practices with nuclear materials are implemented.

Nuclear legislation of ra
Nuclear Legislation of RA

  • International Treaties Ratified by Armenia

  • Law of RA on Safe Utilization of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes (01.03.1999) as supplemented on 18.04.2000, 09.11.2004, 15.12.2005, 22.02.2007, 19.05.2008 and 19.03.2009

  • Law of RA on Licensing as amended on 05.03.2004, 19.03.2009

  • Criminal Code of the RA as amended on 18.04.2003

  • Code on Administrative Offences

  • Law of RA on Legal Acts

  • Law of RA on Civil Service

  • Law of RA on Population Protection in Emergencies

  • Law of RA on Inspection

  • Law of RA on Energy

  • Selected Nuclear and Radiation Safety Norms, Rules, Regulations of RA, RF, USA

Anra s responsibilities
ANRA’s Responsibilities

The ANRA’s responsibilities are established in the Law on

Safe Utilization of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes and its


ANRA’s responsibilities include:

  • organization of development, development drafts of safety rules and regulations, legal acts related to the atomic energy utilization field and submission of the aforementioned to the Government of the RA in the established order,

  • licensing of practices and individuals implementing these practices and holding positions important to safety in the atomic energy utilization field,

  • suspension or termination of license in accordance with the requirements of the international treaties and the legislation of the RA when non-compliance by a licensee with license terms and conditions is detected,

  • safety assessment, organization and conduct of expertise of practices, installations and equipment in the atomic energy utilization field,

Anra s responsibilities cont
ANRA’s Responsibilities (cont.)

  • organization and conduct of researches for safety improvement purposes in the atomic energy utilization field,

  • control on compliance with requirements of the legislation of the atomic energy utilization field and issued licenses by legal entities and physical persons,

  • Inspections in the atomic energy utilization field,

  • control on preparedness of licensees to possible emergency situations,

  • during emergencies assessment of situation and on the basis of prognosis on its possible changes submission of proposals on implementation of necessary protective actions to the state authority of the RA empowered with the responsibility for emergency situation related issues,

  • jointly with the authority empowered with responsibilities for foreign affairs control fulfillment of the RA of commitments undertaken under the international treaties of the RA in the atomic energy utilization field,

Anra s responsibilities cont1
ANRA’s Responsibilities (cont.)

  • control on safeguards implementation,

  • registration of nuclear materials, ionizing radiation sources and radioactive waste,

  • cooperation with other international organizations and regulatory authorities of other countries by exchanging information on safety-related issues,

  • coordination the IAEA national and regional technical cooperation projects,

  • according to the Convention on early notification in case emergencies making early international notification on an emergency and act as a contact point on notification in the event of emergency,

  • monitoring and controlling exposure to environmental radiation,

  • adopting ministerial acts, and

  • other responsibilities as established in the RA legislation.

Anpp unit 3
ANPP Unit 3

Armenia plans to construct new NPP unit.

Armenian government commission has announced Worley Parsons, as the winner of the tender for management organization.

29 May 2009 the Government of the RA in its decision approved the contract NoTDB-09/22 on “Management services related to implementation of new NPP unit(s) construction program”.

  • Law of the RA on construction of new NPP

    ANPP unit 3:

  • Location – the same site as the ANPP

  • Power generation capacity – 1000Mwt

Uranium mining
Uranium Mining

Uranium mining related issues are settled in a number of legal acts, for instance the Law of the RA on Fields (or deposits) and relevant government decrees.

  • RA Government Decree № 234-N as of 06 March 2008 on Establishment of Closed Joint Stock Company to conduct geological investigations of uranium mines on the territory of Armenia to clarify the existing volume of uranium (according to the preliminary information the volume makes 30000-60000 tons).

Radiation sources
Radiation Sources

In accordance with the RA Government Decree № 452 as of 24.05.2001 ANRA is responsible for regulation of safety of ionizing radiation sources and protection against ionizing radiation in the Republic of Armenia to ANRA.

Inventory of radiation sources
Inventory of radiation sources

  • Administrative (records) search (ANRA obtained records from the Ministry of Health)

  • ANRA has physically inspected all of the organizations in Armenia last known to possess radiation sources.This activity allowed to verify information on the sources disposition.

  • The inspections identified approximately 1200 radiation sources of which about 2/3 were in active use and the remainder were sent for long term storage at RADON facility.

National registry of radiation sources
National Registry of Radiation Sources

  • Developed RASOD software (part of ANRA information system)

  • Populated RASOD with information obtained during sources inventory

    • RASOD is Capable of storing information on the radiation sources, tracking disposition of the radiation sources and generators over their lifetime, maintaining an accurate inventory, recording any changes, and providing a recoverable history of all transactions.

    • Serves as information resource for licensing activity.

Anra regional offices
ANRA Regional Offices

  • To provide for effective control over radiation sources ANRA has established two regional offices located in Goris and Vandazor.

  • The initial and main activity foreseen is to provide control on a local level over operations with radiation sources by means of inspections and enforcement of safe utilization of radiation sources consistent with conditions stipulated in the license.

  • The office will contribute to frequent interaction with the licensees and is expected to foster ongoing communication between the regulatory body and users as stipulated in the Code of Conduct.

  • The offices have their own staff that reports to headquarters in Yerevan.

Licensing of radiation sources
Licensing of Radiation Sources

The Law of the RA on Licensing recognizes ANRA as the licensing authority in the atomic energy utilization field and establishes practices subject to ANRA licensing.

ANRA has developed the licensing procedures for each type of practice subject to licensing, including procedures with requirements for licensing of radiation sources and radiation generators.

Before the licensing process started ANRA has conducted several workshops to familiarize users of radioactive sources with these new safety and security requirements.

Licensing of radiation sources cont d
Licensing of Radiation Sources (cont’d)

  • ANRA has developed Licensing Procedures on:

    • export and import to Armenia of ionizing generators, radioactive materials and equipment containing radioactive materials.

    • use of ionizing generators, radioactive materials and equipment containing radioactive materials.

    • transport of radioactive materials and equipment containing radioactive materials.

    • storage of radioactive materials and equipment containing radioactive materials.

    • manufacture,installation and calibration of radioactive materials, devices containing radioactive materials, or radiation generators.

  • ANRA started licensing in 2005.

Dynamics of anra staffing
Dynamics of ANRA staffing

  • Till 1991 – Site Inspection - 6 site inspectors

  • 1991-92 - 2 site-inspectors

Hr development
HR Development

  • Recruitment

    • Training programs are developed based on job descriptions

    • Training materials are compiled using existing materials

  • Initial training:

    • Theoretical training

    • On-the-job training

  • Training with support of IAEA, EC or US NRC:

    • Fellowships and workshops in frame of projects with IAEA, EC, US NRC

      • Training on specific safety analysis tools

      • Transfer of codes and know-how

      • Development and verification of models

      • Other fields.

Anra tso nuclear and radiation safety center cjsc
ANRA TSO“Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center” CJSC

  • On the basis of the ANRA Nuclear Safety Analysis Section in 2001 with the IAEA and US NRC support there was established the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center (ANRA TSO).

  • Main mission of N&RSC is to provide technical support to ANRA.

Anra tso nuclear and radiation safety center cjsc1
ANRA TSO“Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center” CJSC

NRSC use the most up-to-date methods and approaches, the best available tools and

Verified techniques thus increasing the quality of works performed and services provided

in the following areas: 

  • Safety analyses and assessment,

  • Thermal hydraulic analysis

  • Core and nuclear fuel safety analyses

  • Seismic safety and structure analysis

  • PSA

  • Radiometric measurements and radiation protection

  • Review, revision, updating, drafting of regulations and guides,

  • Emergency preparedness (development of emergency procedures),

  • Regulation and control of ionizing radiation sources (development and update of databases, radiation protection assessment and measurements),

  • Radiometry (individual and environmental monitoring, etc),

  • IT support,

  • Personnel training.

  • Local counterparts
    Local Counterparts

    • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of RA

    • Ministry of Health of RA

    • Ministry of Economy of RA

    • Ministry for Nature Protection of RA

    • National Security Service

    • Police of RA

    • Armenian Rescue Service of Ministry for Emergency SituationsOther ministries and entities

    • Armenian NPP

    • “RADON” Municipal Waste Storage Facility

    • Other ministries and entities

    International cooperation i aea
    International CooperationIAEA

    The ANRA acts as the national coordinator of the IAEA national

    and regional projects on nuclear and radiation safety, nuclear

    applications, physical protection, radioactive waste management, safe


    • Ongoing national projects are:

    • ARM/0/006 Developing and Implementing an Integrated Human Resource Management Improvement System in the Armenian Nuclear Power Sector

    • ARM/6/009 Rehabilitating and Developing Nuclear Medicine

    • ARM/9/020 Strengthening Nuclear and Radiation Infrastructure in Armenia

    • ARM/9/021 Raising Levels of Operational Safety at the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant (Phase II)

    • ARM/9/022 Monitoring the Current Condition of the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant’s Vital System, Structures and Components (SSC) and Assessing its Residual Lifetime

    • Participation in RER projects

      Armenia participates in 39 IAEA regional projects which contribute to

      improvement of experts qualification, strengthening technical capabilities of

      different organizations and facilities

    International cooperation iaea cont
    International CooperationIAEA (cont.)

    IAEA assisted the ANRA in development of safety regulations and rules,

    strengthening regulatory control and safety assessment capabilities,

    improvement inspection practices, strengthening emergency

    preparedness and response capabilities, establishment of NRSC and so


    The IRRT Mission from April 27 to 10 May 2002 reviewed the following

    areas of ANRA activity: Legislative and governmental responsibilities; Authority,

    Responsibilities and functions of the regulatory body; Organization of the

    regulatory body; Authorization process; Review and assessment; Inspection

    and enforcement; Development of regulations and guides; Emergency

    preparedness. The IRRT report included recommendations (17), suggestions

    (20) and good practices (7)

    The IRRT follow-up Mission from August 29 to September 9 2004

    reviewed the implementation of recommendations of previous mission and

    described the achieved results in the report: recommendations – 14,

    suggestions- 12 and good practices -1

    International cooperation us nrc

    Cooperation with US NRC started in 1995. Cooperative Arrangement

    between NRC and ANRA was signed on September, 1997.

    Under the mentioned arrangement the ANRA has received Technical and

    expert assistance from the US NRC:

    • Computer programs and training in safety analyses,

    • Establishment of ANRA’s TSO and ANRA’s two regional offices,

    • Registration of radiation sources in Armenia/development of a National Register,

    • Support for licensing of radioactive sources (procedures, guidance, training),

    • Support for drafting of legal documents,

    • Support for drafting regulatory documents (safety and licensing of radiation sources, decommissioning regulatory infrastructure, waste storage and disposal),

    • Physical infrastructure support (transportation, radiological equipment, basic office infrastructure),

    • And other.

      In March 2007 Cooperative Arrangement was extended for 5 years.

    International cooperation eu

    ANRA cooperates with EU under TACIS project since1998. The

    cooperation is aimed at strengthening and enhancing the

    effectiveness of the nuclear regime in Armenia.

    In frame of TACIS project ANRA received assistance in the following


    • Regulation of nuclear and radiation safety,

    • Safety analysis and expert reviews,

    • Personnel training and retraining.

    • ANRA also participates in meetings of WWER Regulators Forum  

      The objective of the meeting is to provide an opportunity for senior staff of regulators in the countries operating WWER reactors to exchange information on various regulatory issues and share recent experience. The forum members are STUK, SONS, UJD SR, BNRA, HAEA and other. Observers from IRSN, GRS and IAEA are also invited to attend the meeting.


    ANRA nd NRSC on-going projects:

    • AR/RA/04 : “Support to the Nuclear Safety Authority of ARMENIA” (Follow-up of AR/RA/03)

    • AR/TS/06 : “Enhancement of the safety assessment capabilities of the Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ANRA) for licensing of Medzamor 2 safety improvements and of decommissioning activities (follow up of project AR/TS/04 and AR/TS/05)

    Anra issues needs and priorities
    ANRA Issues, Needs and Priorities


    • ANRA staffing with qualified specialists and inspectors:

      • recruitment of experienced specialists and training of young specialists


    • Training for new recruited inspectors and specialists,

    • Support to ANRA and NRSC (TSO) in expertise, assessment, review of ANPP safety and security.

    Anra issues needs and priorities cont
    ANRA Issues, Needs and Priorities(cont.)


    • Complete Legal Pyramid

      • Development and improvement of legislation including, regulations on nuclear and radiation safety and state nuclear regulatory framework

    • Licensing of ANPP:

      • Expertise and Review of ANPP SAR, PSA, PSHA, Seismic PSA

      • Modification Licensing

      • Development of regulatory requirements to ANPP decommissioning

    • Periodical review and assessment of ANPP technical, operational, seismic safety and security upgrades

    • Licensing of ANPP - 3