Alcohol is a drug and affects your body and behavior • Speed of drinking and type of drink have effects on absorption of alcohol into your blood stream • Binge drinking and the CSUF students • Physiology of alcohol and other substances • Don’t underestimate emotional state on how your body processes alcohol • The physiology of alcohol and sex • Tolerance is not a good thing • http://www.webmd.com/content/pages/24/112302.htm
Size DOES matter! Do all of these contain the same amount of alcohol?
Yep! About one ounce of alcohol is present in… 12 oz. Beer 8 oz. Wine Cooler 4-5 oz. Glass of Wine 1-1 ½ oz. Hard Alcohol
Binge Drinking • 5 or more drinks for a man • 4 or more drinks for a woman • Less common than you might think 70% of CSUF students infrequently or never drink alcoholic beverages with almost half of those drinking less than once per month to not at all.
The X Factor • Size difference • Body composition • Sociology But the real difference is… • Gastric ADH lower in women
Alcohol Poisoning • Body systems are shutting down. • Liver • Kidneys • Cardiovascular • Pulmonary • Signs that someone is on their way: • Vomiting • Blacking out • Passing out
Symptoms • Passing out, semi-conscious • Cold, pale, or bluish skin • Vomiting while sleeping • Slow or irregular breathing • Seizures • If you see someone with these symptoms...Never leave the person alone.Never put her or him to bed to "sleep it off".Get medical help.It always better to be safe than sorry.
Impotence and vaginal dryness… Bud Light’s recipe for “Getting it started”.
A word on tolerance • Contrary to popular belief… • It’s not a good thing! • It’s not always earned, and that can spell bigger trouble! • It’s a warning sign of alcoholism.
Emotions and alcohol • Alcohol is a depressant • Depressant + depressed state = Desperation • Depressant + elevated state = Decreased inhibitions
Drinks to get drunk Drinks alone Priorities are off Uses alcohol to deal with stress or to get the day started Personality changes when drinking High risk behaviors while drinking Frequently in trouble Has a family history Problem Drinking
Decision Making • Pros • Cons
Help for the problem drinker • Talk to health care provider or counselor • OC Health Care Agency Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services 714-834-3840 • AA 714-556-4555 • Al-Anon 714-748-1113 • National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence 949-770-1191
On-line screenings Alcoholscreening.org Drinkerscheckup.com
Liability of Alcohol Service • Service to under 21. • Service to already intoxicated. • High risk behaviors after consuming alcohol. Key to remember about alcohol liability: if someone does something stupid under the influence of alcohol you served or provided for them, you are liable!
Types of Liability • Administrative (ABC/Against Licensee) - $750 - $6000 fine, 15 day - indefinite suspension, revocation - 3 Strikes • Criminal (Court/Against Server) - $1000 - $2700 fine, community service, jail • Civil • Injured parties seek compensation
It follows you… • If you are convicted of an alcohol violation it will follow you into your career and affect your ability to get • the job, • credit, • etc.
Pop Quiz True or false…alcohol is sexy. Why?
True or false…alcohol does not effect men and women in the same way. Why?
True or false…vomiting is a good indicator that you should have stopped drinking a while ago. Why?
True or false…typically someone who has passed out should just “sleep it off”. Why?
True or false…someone who drinks small amounts of alcohol frequently would not be considered a problem drinker. Why?
True or false…Most CSUF students engage in some form of high risk drinking?