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PRESENTATION. NATIONAL CONFERENCE on AGRICULTURE. RABI CAMPAIGN 2007-08. 18th & 19th September, 2007. ASSAM – AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE. ASSAM – THE SCENARIO AT A GLANCE (contd…..). REVIEW OF KHARIF. AREA & PRODUCTIVITYOF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS

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slide1

PRESENTATION

NATIONAL CONFERENCE onAGRICULTURE

RABI CAMPAIGN 2007-08

18th & 19th September, 2007

slide4

REVIEW OF KHARIF

AREA & PRODUCTIVITYOF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS

(Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare)

* Due to drought like situation during Kharif, 2006, an area of 2.95 lakh hectares of Winter Rice remain uncovered, which is the major contributor towards total Rice output of the State.

slide5

REVIEW OF KHARIF

AREA, & PRODUCTIVITYOF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS

(Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare)

slide8

PROGRAMME PROPOSED TO OVERCOME THE LOSS DUE TO FLOOD

In order to compensate the loss caused by flood a contingency plan is proposed for implementation in three phases (late Kharif, Pre Rabi & Rabi) for all the affected farm families covering all the affected districts.

The proposed programme are as follows :

  • Immediate Measure - Coverage of flood damaged area of Sali paddy by paddy seeds (direct seeded under delayed condition) and locally procured Sali paddy seedlings..
  • Pre Rabi Programme - More coverage with Pulses like Blackgram and Greengram.
  • Rabi Programme - Special programme on Rabi crops viz., Wheat, Rape & Mustard, Pea, Lentil, Summer Rice, Rabi Vegetables, Potato and Onion.
  • Irrigation and mechanization support under various departmental programmes including AACP – a World Bank assisted programme.
slide9

PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08

AREA & PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR RABI CROPS

(Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare)

slide11

PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08

  • Full utilization of 4.02 lakh hectares of command area created by Agriculture Department through installation of 1,94,048 nos. STWs and 6,834 nos. LLPs under various schemes / programmes.
  • In order to bring more areas under assured irrigation system, rapid installation of STWs and LLPs through various central & state government programmes and World Bank funded AACP is proposed. It has been targeted to install 38,000 STWs and 14,992 LLPs during 2007-08.
  • Massive mobilization of tractors and power tillers provided to farmers to catch up timely tillage operation. Already, 1316 nos. of tractors and 4876 nos. of Power Tillers are provided to farmers. Also, introduction of new farm machineries like Rotavator, Reaper/Binder, Zero Tillage Planter & Combined harvester is proposed.
  • To boost up farm mechanization, subsidized distribution of Tractors and Power Tillers under various programmes are proposed. Target to distribute 931 nos. of Tractors and 4959 nos. of Power Tillers have been set for 2007-08.
slide12

PREPAREDNESS FOR RABI, 2007-08

  • For the ensuing Rabi season, the consumption target of fertilizer has been kept at 102.00 Kg per hectare against consumption of 93.74 Kg per hectare during Rabi 2006-07.
  • Tie up arrangements have been finalized with fertilizer manufacturers both under ECA and decontrolled fertilizers.
  • Necessary schematic supports are being provided from Macro Management Mode of Agriculture, 2006-07.
slide13

INPUT SUPPORT

SEED

A. PRODUCTION OF FOUNDATION & CERTIFIED SEEDS

  • Quantity of seed sold in the State during 2006-07 43,786 quintals
  • Quantity of seed imported into the State during 2006-07 67,540 quintals
slide16

D. SEED TESTING

  • Assam State Seed Certification Agency (ASSCA) is the nodal agency for seed testing & seed certification in the State.
  • Seed testing & certification guidelines are strictly followed for proper quality control and certification.

E. SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME

slide17

INPUT SUPPORT

FERTILISER

A. REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF FERTILISER

B. QUALITY CONTROL OF FERTILISER

  • Fertilizer quality control measures aims at analyzing the various samples of urea, DAP, SSP, MOP, NPK Mixture etc. Status of fertilizer testing done in State Fertilizer Control laboratory is as under -
slide19

SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08

EXPECTED OUTCOME

  • In addition to targeted production of major Rabi crops during 2007-08, additional production targeted from the special programme proposed for flood affected areas are as follows -
slide20

RABI PROGRAMME : 2007-08

EXPECTED OUTCOME (Normal Rabi & Special Rabi)

slide21

AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS - ATMA

CENTRALLY SPONSORED

AACP (WORLD BANK AIDED) SPONSORED

Nos. of ATMA Dist – 12

No. of ATMA registered –12

Nos. of ATMA dist. –11

No. of ATMA registered –11

FIAC formed in12Dist

BTT Registered – 96nos.

District Agricultural Development Strategy (DADS) prepared for 11 Dist.

SREP prepared & finalized in12Dist.

74Block Action Plan, 2006-07 are in action in6Dist.

Block Action Plan, 2007-08 prepared for 11 Dist.

SEWP, 2007-08 approved by GOI

Sites for123BRCs identified & sanction accorded for104 BRCs in9Dist.

slide22

AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS THROUGH ATMA

FUND RECIEVED & UTILISED DURING

2005-06 & 2006-07 AND PROPOSED FOR 2007-08.

(Rs. in lakh)

  • Amount earmarked for 3rd party Monitoring & Evaluation.
slide23

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING

  • As per GOI’s assessment the 1236 nos. of markets and market yards available in the State/ are not enough.
  • Another 994 markets are needed to be established in the State to meet the recommendation of National Commission on Agriculture.
  • 24 Regulated Market Committees, 20 Primary market Yards and 204 Sub-market yards have been established by Assam State Agricultural Marketing Board (ASAMB).
  • ASAMB developed 2 big Wholesale Market & 25 Small Rural market / Apni Mandis in 19 districts of the State.
  • One Wholesale Market (Vegetable) with a Cold Storage has been established by ASAMB under NEC Sponsorship.
  • Under World Bank assisted AACP 39 Rural Hats and 21 Rural Wholesale Markets against target of 50 Rural Hats and 24 Wholesale Markets.
slide24

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING (contd.)

  • Under RGBY, ASAMB has created storage facility of 15,000 MT against target of 19,000 MT.
  • NABARD has refinanced private entrepreneurs for development of 27 Rural Godowns for a capacity of 38,179 MT
  • 23 Regulated Market have been covered under AGMARKNET by ASAMB.
  • The AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE MARKET COMMITTEE (APMC) ACT has been amended in 2006 and adopted.
  • The concept of Contract Farming & Market Boards/ power to levy cess have been incorporated in the Act.
slide27

NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION

TM-IDH in Assam

Crop Zones – Thrust Crops vis – a – vis Potential Zones

slide28

TM-IDH in Assam

Achievements under Area Expansion of Major Thrust Crops

slide29

Latest Fund Position under

Horticulture Technology Mission in Assam

(as on 15th September-07)

MM-II (Rs. in lakh)

slide30

Latest Fund Position under

Horticulture Technology Mission in Assam

(as on 15th September-07)

MM-III (Rs. in lakh)

slide34

EXPORT OF ORGANIC JOHA TO EUROPE – FIRST CONSIGNMENT FLAGGED OFF BY HON’BLE MINISTER, AGRICULTURE, ASSAM

slide35

NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION

  • National Food Security Mission, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme is proposed to be implemented from 2007-08 with three components –
  • National Food Security Mission – Rice (NFSM-Rice)
  • National Food Security Mission – Wheat (NFSM-Wheat)
  • National Food Security Mission – Pulses (NFSM-Pulses)

NFSM-Rice :

  • For implementation of NFSM – Rice, only 13 districts out 27 districts of the State are included under the mission by GOI ignoring Rice area of 10.50 lakh hectares in remaining 14 districts.
  • Total area under Rice is around 24 lakh hectares, which is 63% of gross cropped area of the State.
  • All the 27 districts are potential for Rice cultivation and considering this aspect and also to ensure food security in the State all the districts need to be included in NFSM-Rice.
slide36

NFSM-Pulses :

  • Under NFSM-Pulses, no district of the State has been included.
  • There is vast potential of expansion of area under Pulses in all the districts of the State including the riverine areas spreading over 14 districts and occupying around 10% of Net Cropped Area of the State.
  • Present area coverage under Pulses is only 3% of Gross Cropped Area of the State.
  • Total Rice fallow area of around 12 lakh hectares can be brought under Pulse cultivation.
slide37

ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME

AGRICULTURAL GROWTH TREND

  • In Assam growth of Agriculture at the end of 8th Plan was 1.13% which decreased to 0.39% at the end of 9th plan and registered further decline to -0.27% (anticipated) at the end of 10th plan.
  • Against the National Growth Target of 4% in Agriculture during 11th Plan, considering the present status of Agriculture in the State it is targeted to achieve 2% growth during 11th five year plan.
slide39

CROPWISE PRODUCTION DURING 10TH PLAN & ESTIMATED PRODUCTION AT THE END OF 11TH PLAN TO ACHIEVE 2% GROWTH.

In case of Rice 3%, Fruits 1.5% and Vegetables 4% of annual growth have been taken to project production at the end of 11th plan. In other cases 2% annual growth have been taken.

slide41

ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME

  • An analysis of the growth rate of Agriculture sector reveals that Assam has suffered a deceleration to the tune of (-)0.27% during 10th Plan period.
  • It has become essential for the State to be district oriented and strike upon hurdles faced at grass root level by farmers to bring an improvement in growth in Agriculture Sector.
  • Target of at least 2% growth in Agriculture Sector to be achieved during 11th Plan Period has been set.
  • Taking into account all the contributing factors that affect agricultural growth, Assam Agricultural Plan has been formulatedt to achieve a growth rate of 2% plus during 11th Plan Period.
  • Vertical and horizontal analysis of factors associated to achieve the desired growth is imperative and thus the District Plan for each of 27 districts of the State has been prepared.
  • Focus sectors are –
  • Irrigation
  • Farm Mechanization.
  • Quality seed and planting materials
  • Technology Dissemination
  • Fertiliser
  • Flow of credit
  • Marketing strategies.
slide45

REASONS FOR SLOW AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN ASSAM

  • Natural calamity - regular flood and occasional drought like situation.
  • Problems associated with small holdings.
  • Lack of assured irrigation and dependency on rainfall.
  • Non availability of quality planting material within easy reach of farmers.
  • Inadequate mechanization.
  • Deteriorating soil conditions and soil acidity.
  • Lack of adequate credit support.
  • Lack of infrastructural and market support.
slide47

TM-IDH in Assam : An analysis of the Target Group

Nos. of farmers associated directly so far under the Mission (upto 2005) -

slide48

HORTICULTURE

Projection Pattern

  • Thrust Crops vs Zonal Planning
  • Physical achievement
  • Impact analysis in terms of growth rate
  • Projection on Target Group
  • Financial achievement
  • Target for 2007-08
  • Some success stories
slide50

Achievement under MM-II & III

The Scenario of Post Harvest Management Facilities Created under TMIDH so far in Assam

slide51

Progress of Citrus Rejuvenation programme :

Area already covered – 450 Ha.

Targeted area to be covered during 2007-08 – 500 Ha.

Technical Programme for Orange Rejuvenation :

(a) Pruning & Training;

(b) Correction of Soil PH;

(c) Integrated Nutrient Management;

(d) Management of Phytophthora foot rot;

(e) Integrated Management of Twig blight and Stem end rot;

(f) Integrated Management of Trunk borer and Bark eating caterpillar;

(g) Integrated Weed Management;

(h) Month wise schedule of activities for the year have also been circulated.

slide52

Growth of Black pepper during Mission period

*Annual production growth rate – 4.56%

slide54

View of the Orchid Project at Kokrajhar, Assam

(J.F.M. Group)

Production started from September, 2007

slide56

THE LATEST STORY : Farmers, women SHGs of Kokrajhar & Kamrup districts supported under Floriculture component of TM-IDH has successfully displayed their products in 3rd International Flora Expo, 2007 (12-14 Sept, 07) held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi and bagged 2nd Prize.

View of the Assam Stall at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi