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Chapter 6 Review Game. Civil Rights. Blacks in the United States did not receive widespread white support for civil rights until the 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s E. 1980s Answer: D Page: 125

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Blacks in the United States did not receive widespread white support for civil rights until the
  • 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s E. 1980s

Answer: D Page: 125

The ___________ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution appeared to guarantee equal rights for blacks.

  • 1st B. 14th C. 21st D. 25th E. 26th

Answer: B Page: 127

The Supreme Court has decided that any law classifying people on the basis of their race or ethnicity is

  • Illegal. B. To be referred to the courts of individual states.
  • Constitutional D. Unconstitutional
  • To be subjected to especially close scrutiny

Answer: E Page: 125

Which statement best summarizes the correct understanding of civil rights?
  • Laws cannot make distinctions among people.
  • Laws cannot discriminate.
  • Laws must treat everyone equally.
  • Laws can make distinctions, but not all distinctions are acceptable.
  • Laws can discriminate as long as they do not make distinctions.

Answer: D Page: 125

One reason the NAACP’s strategy of using the courts to further black civil rights worked was that it

  • Avoided focusing on the clearest abuses.
  • Presented broad economic demands to whites.
  • Avoided direct confrontation with a conservative Supreme Court
  • Did not require a broad legislative alliance.
  • Avoided the complications that often surround appellate processes.

Answer: D Page: 127

Plessy v. Ferguson had the effect of
  • Declaring that segregated public facilities, if equal, did not violate the 14th Amendment.
  • Prohibiting all-white juries in state court trials.
  • Applying the Bill of Rights to the states as well as to the national government.
  • Ruling that racially separate schools were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional.
  • Banning interracial marriages in the Northeastern United States.

Answer: A Page: 127

In 1955, the Supreme Court ruled that desegregation should be

  • Implemented with due concern for public safety.
  • Monitored by local school officials.
  • Implemented “with all deliberate speed.”
  • Monitored by civil rights groups.
  • Delayed until there were significant shifts in population.

Answer: C Page: 131

As its rationale for the decision in Brown, the Supreme Court relied primarily on
  • The intent of the framers of the 14th Amendment.
  • The intent of Congress in the 14th Amendment.
  • Social science evidence.
  • A narrow interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.
  • The redress of grievances clause in the 1st Amendment.

Answer: C Page: 131-2

The difference between de facto and de jure segregation is that

  • The former results from private choices, the latter from public law.
  • The former results from public law, the latter from private choices.
  • The former existed in the past, the latter continues in the present.
  • The former continues in the present, the latter existed in the past.
  • The former is deals with perceptions, the latter deals with verified facts.

Answer: A Page: 132

Which of the following was made clear by the 14th Amendment?
  • That segregated schools outside of D.C. were illegal.
  • That segregated schools were illegal.
  • That desegregation was to be applied to schools
  • That race could not be a factor in any decision that excluded a person from entry into a public school
  • That states could not deny any of its citizens equal protection of the laws.

Answer: E Page: 132

The text mentions presidents who declared their oppositions to school busing for integration. They included all of the following except

  • Regan B. Carter C. Ford D. Nixon E. C & D.

Answer: B Page: 134

Wager Question:

“Bull” Connor of Birmingham, Alabama, became a symbol of

  • Brutal white resistance to black demands
  • A new breed of moderate southern politicians
  • Black separatist attempts to control the civil rights movement.
  • Nonviolent black leadership
  • Moderate whites who supported the civil rights movement.

Answer: A Page: 136

One factor helping to break the deadlock that developed in the civil rights movement during the early 1960s was the

  • Democratic landslide of 1964
  • Supreme Court’s ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.
  • Centralization of power in the House and Senate.
  • Civil unrest that shook several northern cities.
  • The election of Republican presidents.

Answer: A Page: 137

now starts chapter 7 review questions public opinion
Now Starts Chapter 7 Review Questions: Public Opinion

The Framers created a government for the purpose of

  • Unifying citizens.
  • Achieving certain substantive goals.
  • Efficiency in the administration of justice.
  • Accomplishing the will of the people.
  • Ensuring the majority’s will would be realized.

Answer: B Page: 155

Compared with European countries such as Great Britain, France, & Germany, class voting in the United States has

  • Also risen sharply.
  • Remained relatively steady.
  • Also declined sharply.
  • Always been more common.
  • Increased slightly.

Answer: C Page: 163

Which of the following is not a source a cleavage in public opinion?
  • Race B. Class C. Region D. The family E. Ethnicity

Answer: D Page: 163-167

A coherent and consistent set of beliefs about who should rule and how is referred to as

  • Political efficacy. B. Public opinion. C. Pragmatism.
  • Realism E. Political ideology

Answer: E Page: 167

You favor minimum wage legislation but are opposed to outlawing abortion. On the basis of these two issues, you would be best classified as a

  • Pure liberal
  • Pure conservative
  • Libertarian
  • Populist
  • Neo-populist.

Answer: A Page: 170

Jack the Leader

Elites have probably influenced, if not led, public opinion on all of the following topics except

  • Racism B. Sexism C. AIDS D. Environmentalism
  • Perceptions of crime

Answer: E Page: 172-4

Economic issues are most likely to be placed on the public agenda by

  • Political elites. B. Public opinion C. Economic analysts
  • Regulatory commissions E. Economic theorists.

Answer: B Page: 174

Wager Question

A populist would be more likely than a pure conservative to vote for

  • Tighter business controls.
  • School prayer.
  • Tough crime laws
  • Limits on free speech
  • None of the above.

Answer: A Page: 170

Now for Chapter 8: Political Participation

In U.S. presidential elections, voter turnout is typically

  • Less than 25% B. Less than 30% C. Less than 60%
  • More than 80% E. Nearly 100%

Answer: C Page: 178

Political participation encompasses all of the following activities except

  • Voting B. Paying your taxes
  • Writing your congressional representative. D. Signing a petition
  • Discussing politics

Answer: B Page: 179

Wager Question:

Today, the largest % of voter registration applications comes from

  • Public assistance offices. B. Motor vehicle offices.
  • State-designated sites. D. Disability services.
  • The military.

Answer: B Page: 180

The 1st elections in which all persons between the ages of 18 and 21 were able to vote were held in
  • 1944 B. 1956 C. 1972 D. 1984 E. 1985

Answer: C Page: 183

The Voting Age Population (VAP) is calculated from

  • State voter registration lists.
  • Census reports.
  • Public opinion polls.
  • Legislative surveys.
  • Party membership lists.

Answer: B Page: 186

When Voting Eligible Population (VEP) statistics are examined,

  • The decline in voter turnout is even more apparent.
  • The apparent decline in voter turnout vanishes completely
  • It is apparent that voter turnout has not declined since the early 1970s.
  • Mid-term congressional elections routinely feature rates of above 55%
  • None of the above

Answer: C Page: 186

The texts suggests that, if the “party of nonvoters” had participated at a higher rate in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections,
  • Bill Clinton would probably have won by a wider margin.
  • Bill Clinton would probably have won by a smaller margin.
  • George Bush would probably have won by a narrow margin.
  • Ross Perot would probably have won by a large margin.
  • Ross Perot would probably have won by a narrow margin.

Answer: A Page: 187

Which of the following statements about the voting habits of men and women is correct?

  • Men vote at much higher rates than women.
  • Men vote at a slightly higher rate than women.
  • Men and women vote at about the same rate.
  • Women vote at a much higher rate than men.
  • Women vote at a much higher rate than men in midterm elections.

Answer: C Page: 188

Which of the following participation groups avoids both elections and community groups in its political activity?
  • Voting specialists B. Campaigners C. Communalists
  • Parochial participants E. Inactives

Answer: D Page: 188

One cause of the decline in voter turnout may be the increasingly distant and bureaucratic image of

  • Most candidates for office
  • Most interest groups.
  • State officeholders.
  • Local office holders.
  • The major political parties.

Answer: E Page: 189

Last Question. Wager Question:

The most powerful determinant of political participation, other than education and information, is

  • Race B. Gender C. Employment D. Region
  • Age

Answer: E Page: 189