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  1. Codependency you can be drug free BY PETER KIRAGU NDERO (COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGIST) DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

  2. WELCOME

  3. What is addiction? • It is a chronic, Relapsing, Primary disease. Characterized by:- • Tolerance • Compulsion • Physical dependence • Psychological dependence • Characteristic withdrawal syndromes

  4. Types of addiction • Drug Addiction • Sex/People Addiction • Food Addiction • Medicine Addiction • Work Addiction • Money Addiction • Religion Addiction

  5. Why people take drugs THE SOCIETY THE DRUG THE INDIVIDUAL

  6. DANCING WITH THE DEVIL DRUG ADDICT DRUG DRUG DRUG

  7. THE SOCIETY • Abandons the Addict • Stigmatises the Addict • Commits no Resources

  8. Categories of drugs • Depressants analgesics:- • Ordinary pain killers & narcotics

  9. Ordinary pain killers • Brufen • Panadol • Asprin • They account for more deaths than all the narcotics combined because of availability.

  10. Narcotics • Mainly refers to the products of the opium tree. • Heroine, Morphine, Codeine Methadone, Dipipanone etc. THEY CREATE EUPHORIA BY DEPRESSING THE CNS.

  11. Hypnotics and sedatives • They reduce tension and induce sleep by depressing the CNS in small amounts. • Example include: • Antidepressants • Alcohol • Mandrax • Glue etc In large amounts they cause Stupor, Coma and Death.

  12. Stimulants Drug that enhance Elertness and Energy, cause Euphoria and reduce Sleep and Appetite. • Cocaine • Khat • Nicotine • Amphetamines Euphoria is quickly followed by Depression.

  13. Hallucinogens They Distort Perception and hence Generate Euphoria. However they can cause terror. Example is LSD. (LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE) and its many Synthetic and Natural Preparations.

  14. PSYCHEDELICS They produce:- • Perceptual Distortion • Thought Distortion • Emotional Distortion • Creative Problem Solving • Ego Boundary Distortion • Spirituality

  15. Effect of drug abuse Immediate direct action of the drug on tissues Long term direct action of the drug Direct reaction of the sudden withdrawal of the drug Indirect effect of the ion of the drug Effects of methods of use.

  16. Drugs abused in uon Exploratory research indicates that the following drugs are abused in UON. • Alcohol – some rooms might be pubs • Cannabis – peddling and use has penetrated halls ( both genders) • Khat, Nicotine, heroine, cocaine, cocktails • Drug addiction and abuse coexists with sex addiction and sex trade.

  17. Drugs abused in Nairobi Exploratory research indicates serious abuse of Alcohol ( Chang’aa, Bathura, Marwa & Methanol) Nicotine (shisha), Khat, heroine, cocaine, “ Rohibno,” CANNABIS, sleeping pills and antidepressants in most neighbourhood. Drug abuse coexists with sex addiction and sex trade.

  18. Source of addictive disorders

  19. Codependency syndrome A disease of self personhood and arrested identity formation First observed in children and spouses of alcoholics who behaved like alcoholics yet they were teetotallers. Its observed in people living with chronically ill people and recovering addicts.

  20. How codependency syndrome develops Exposure to • Codependency situations • Prohibition of spontaneous expression • Prohibition of expressing vulnerability • Where love is denied A state of continuous oppression and brutality ( Dictatorship, double binds)

  21. Symptoms of codependency • Controllers • Superhelpers • Stoics • Perfectionists • Super achievers • Etc

  22. Overcoming codependency • Practice detachment • Avoid being reactionary • Set yourself and others free • Remove the victim/ don’t give away John’s head • Boundaries: no is no • Fall in love with yourself

  23. The donkey syndrome (lse) • Overbearing, angry, tired, burnt out • Dirty and abandoned • Down cast and whipped • Bound and sick • Kicks and dramatizes anger • Crying often and difficult to console • Hungry

  24. Source of lse Families giving children conditions of worth perfectionism, religion addicts, workaholics unavailable to give love. • Child Abuse • Families with chronically ill members • Early loss, divorce and separation • Personal failure/ or disaster.

  25. Symptoms of the donkey syndrome Cognitive dysfunction Negative automatic scripts • Emotional dysfunction • Heavy negative feelings confusion and fusion • Behaviour dysfunction • Poor relationship life • Poor communication • Addictive disorders and codependency

  26. How to be a zebra • Beautiful and radiant ( attractive) • Happy and confident • Free • Laughing and singing not crying • Strong and focused • Healthy community with friends

  27. Overcoming lse • Self help books • Personal therapy • Rehabilitation • Assertiveness skills training • Emotional mastery skills • Non codependent use of alcohol • AA and the 12 steps