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The Dred Scott Decision. The Road to Disunion. Focus Question:. What role do the Courts play in national politics?. Kansas-Nebraska sparked discord. Border war in Kansas Formation of the Republican Party Different groups coalesced together Northern Whigs Anti-Slavery Democrats

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Presentation Transcript
focus question
Focus Question:
  • What role do the Courts play in national politics?
kansas nebraska sparked discord
Kansas-Nebraska sparked discord
  • Border war in Kansas
  • Formation of the Republican Party
    • Different groups coalesced together
      • Northern Whigs
      • Anti-Slavery Democrats
      • Free Soil Party
      • American Party
dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision
  • Sent the nation hurtling toward disunion
  • Centered upon a constitutional matter
    • Did freedom go with the territory
    • Sparked outrage
the particulars
The Particulars
  • Scott belonged to an Army captain
    • Brought to army posts in Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota (Free territory)
    • The Captain died, leaving Scott to his wife
    • Scott brought back to Missouri as a slave
      • Scott sued for his freedom
      • Living in free territory made him free
scott v sandford
Scott v. Sandford
  • Faced two key questions
    • Was Scott a citizen?
    • Did freedom go with the territory?
  • Decision issued by Roger B. Taney
ruling
Ruling
  • Decision handed down in 1857
  • African-Americans could not be citizens
    • Scott could not file a lawsuit
    • Scott was a slave
  • Missouri Compromise ruled unconstitutional
    • Congress had no right to limit property rights
    • Slavery did not go with the territory
divided the nation
Divided the nation
  • Celebrated in the South
    • Seen as a pro-slavery decision
  • Assaulted in the North
    • “Confirmed” power of the slaveocracy
    • Could slavery spread to the free states?
lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  • “Dred Scott drew Lincoln back to politics”
  • Challenged Douglas for the Senate in 1858
    • Held a series of 7 debates
    • Covered by national newspapers
ramifications
Ramifications
  • Douglas won re-election
  • Lincoln gained a national audience
  • Douglas lost Southern support for 1860
    • Freeport Doctrine
      • Slavery was artificial
      • Slavery needed laws

to protect it