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Poetry Notes. Characteristics, Analysis, Key Terms. 4 Characteristics of Poems. Poetry is. Condensed language - every word is important - no unnecessary words are included - focused

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Poetry notes

Poetry Notes

Characteristics, Analysis, Key Terms

Poetry is
Poetry is...

  • Condensed language- every word is important- no unnecessary words are included- focused

  • Imagery/ Figurative language-language not to be taken literally-conveys images-“pictures in the mind”-figures of speech: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification, oxymoron

Poetry is1
Poetry is...

3. Organized language- lines and stanzas are shaped intentionally - some poems follow patterns (of rhyme, rhythm,word pattern)

4. Rhythmic / Musical language- the meter or “beat” of lines- the sounds of words- examples: alliteration, assonance, rhyme, onomatopoeia

When responding to a poem you may comment on
When responding to a poem, you may comment on:

  • the Subject of the poem-what/who is the poem about?-is a setting or pov significant?

  • the Mood and Tone of the poem-what mood or feeling does it convey?-what attitude does the narrator have toward the subject of the poem? the audience?

Poetry notes

3. the Organization of the poem-what patterns do you notice? (of rhyme, rhythm, image, punctuation, sound, etc)-what effect do these patterns have?

4. the Imagery of the poem-which images seem vivid? important?-what do these images convey?-what other figurative language is used?

5. the Meaning of the poem-what is the experience conveyed?-is there a message?-what does the poem make you understand and/or wonder?

Imagery figurative language
imagery / figurative language

  • imagery - concrete words or details that provide vividness

  • simile - a direct comparison between two things using like or as

  • metaphor - an indirect or implied comparison between two things (does not use like or as)

  • personification - the representation of abstractions, ideas, animals, or inanimate objects as if human

Patterns of sound rhythm words
patterns... of sound, rhythm & words

5. rhyme scheme - any pattern of rhyme in a poem; may be end rhyme or internal rhyme

6. alliteration - the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words (or within words)

7. assonance - the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds

8. consonance - the repetition of consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds

Poetry notes

9. meter - the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; rhythm; it may be regular or it may vary

10. repetition - a poetic device in which a sound, word, or phrase is repeated for style and emphasis

11. stanza - a group of lines that are set off and form a division in a poem

Devices that affect meaning
devices that affect meaning...

12. symbol - a person, place, event, or object that has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well

13. tone - the author's attitude, either stated or implied, toward his or her subject matter and toward the audience

14. allusion - a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious

Poetry notes

15. connotation - the emotional associations surrounding a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning

16. denotation - the strict, literal meaning of a word

17. diction - an author's choice of words and phrases; may be casual or formal, simple or complex, etc.