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Guangdong Province, China. E-Waste Dumps. Guangdong Province, China. Chemicals of Concern. CRT Cathode-Ray Tube Key Chemical Compounds Phosphor – Holds Cadmium inside the tube coatings Barium Beryllium Lead Oxide Nickel Lead – 4-8Lbs. Per TV Zinc – Soil, Flora and Fauna Concerns

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chemicals of concern
Chemicals of Concern
  • CRT Cathode-Ray Tube Key Chemical Compounds
    • Phosphor – Holds Cadmium inside the tube coatings
    • Barium
    • Beryllium
    • Lead Oxide
    • Nickel
    • Lead – 4-8Lbs. Per TV
    • Zinc – Soil, Flora and Fauna Concerns
  • Monitor Key Chemical Compounds
    • PolybrominatedDiphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
    • Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins (PCDD)
    • Penta-BDE (Banned within the E.U.)
    • Octa-BDE (Banned within the E.U.)
    • Deca-BDE
e waste exporting
E-Waste Exporting
  • 200,000,000 computers world wide are produced per year.
  • 90% of witch are

eventfully dumped in

3rd world or developing

countries. 80% ends up

in South East China.

e waste legislation
E-Waste Legislation
  • International Basel Convention prohibits the shipment of waste to any other countries
  • Individual States/Provinces of North American have legislation regarding that manufactures are responsible for their own products post-consumption (Not Quebec)
  • All 27 E.U. Nations have these legislation regulations.
e waste exporting1
E Waste Exporting
  • Private recycling Companies illegally sell and export to importers in China
    • 40’ container of CRT-Monitors are sold for $5,000(USD)
  • 27 (Canada) 40 (USA) private recycling companies were recently charged
  • Major manufacturing post-dated products sold to private recycling companies
  • American companies known to illegally export
    • Jet Ocean Technologies, Executive Recycling, EarthEcycle, SM Metals, W & E International Trading Co., Supreme Assets Management & Recovery of Lakewood, Metal Recycling El Paso, Supreme, Reusable Assets
    • Environment Canada refuses to release list of companies charged.
e waste exporting2
E Waste Exporting
  • 500,000,000 Tons of E-Waste between

1997 – 2007 (America only)

e waste exporting3
E Waste Exporting
  • 500,000,000 Tons of E-Waste between

1997 – 2007 (America only)

  • 50,000,000 E-Waste Per year
e waste exporting4
E Waste Exporting
  • 500,000,000 Tons of E-Waste between

1997 – 2007 (America only)

  • 50,000,000 E-Waste Per year
  • 4,166,666 E-Waste Per month
e waste exporting5
E Waste Exporting
  • 500,000,000 Tons of E-Waste between

1997 – 2007 (America only)

  • 50,000,000 E-Waste Per year
  • 4,166,666 E-Waste Per month
  • 27 Tankers E-Waste Per Month
    • Largest Tanker can hold 151,000Tons, about 5,000 containers per ship load
e waste recycling
E Waste “Recycling”
  • Dumps are categorized by products
    • Monitors
    • Wiring
    • Circuit Boards
    • Plastic
    • Glass
  • Broken down by hand or fire
    • Acid Leaching
    • Burning
  • Workers are paid $8 per day
    • Good pay in consideration of education and opportunities
  • 250,000 workers needed
    • 150,000 Locals
    • 100,000 Migrant Workers
  • Mostly young workers
      • Average age of workers is between 24 due to long term exposer and health problems
e waste health concerns
E-Waste Health Concerns
    • Chromium
      • Skin Irritations
      • Carcinogen (Cancerous)
  • Barium
    • Nervous system
    • Cardiac Irregularities
    • Tremors, Weakness, Anxiety, Dyspnea, Paralysis
    • Lead Oxide
      • Damage to Nervous, blood systems
      • Impacts kidneys and reproduction
    • Zinc
      • Soil, Flora and Fauna Concerns
  • Cadmium
    • Damaged kidneys and bone toxicity
  • Lead
    • Damage to Nervous, blood, reproductive systems.
    • Impairment of development of brain & central nervous system in children.
    • Kidney damage.
    • PolybrominatedDiphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
    • Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins (PCDD)
      • Brain & Skeletal development
      • Skin problems
      • Further pending studies
e waste environmental concerns
E Waste Environmental Concerns
  • Soil contamination
    • Zinc in soil
    • Rice fields
  • Water pollution
    • Rivers, Lakes
    • Water systems, Wells, Pipes
  • Air pollution
    • On site and expanding quality concerns
works citied
Works Citied
  • Hong Kong Enviromental Protection Department. Press Release: Test result of soil sample collected from e-waste workshop. 2005; http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/news_events/press/press_050421a.html
  • CroucherInstitude of Environmental Sciences and Department of Biology, Homng Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, PR China. Spatial Distribution of PolybrominatedDiphenyl Ether (PBDE)and Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans in Soil and Combusted Residue at Guiyu, an Electric Waste Recycling Site in Southeast China. 2007; Lueng, Anna, Wong, Anthony, Wong, Ming
  • Vista Analytical Laboratory Inc. El Dorado Hills, California. 2007; Luksemburg, Anthony
  • Green Peace Chemical contamination at e-waste recycling and disposal sites in accra and Korforidua, Ghana. 2008;Johnston, Paul
  • Green Peace Briefing, Toxic Tech, The dangerous chemicals in electronic products, Green Peace
  • The Vancouver Sun, Dangerous waste bound for China is intercepted, 2006
  • Business Week Magazine, E-Waste: The Dirty Secret of Recycling Electronics, 2008, Ben Elgin, Brian Grow.
  • 60 Minutes. Following the trail of e-waste. 2009; Granatstein, Solly