Chapter 9 By: Elizabeth Fluck, Dusty Campbell, Madison Okolowski, Sarah Gibbs, Joe Daniels, Ariel Leahy, Tyler Crofut,
Section 1 Vocab • Cordillera- a mountain system made up of roughly parallel ranges. • Andes- western side of Columbia reach 18,000 ft. • Guiana Highlands- Venezuela’s highest point • Llanos- mostly grassland with few trees • Orinoco River- region longest river
Section 1 Natural Resources • Good soil • Agriculture • Fishery • Forestry Exports • Rice • Sugarcane • Oil rich fields • Iron ore (metallic iron) • Coal • Fish and shrimp • Hydroelectric power Iron Ore
Section 1 Climate • 2 Climate regions • Savanna Humid (Llanos region) • Humid Subtropical ( Southern Columbia region by the Amazon basin) • Warm year-round, temperature rises 4⁰ every 1,000ft.
Section 2 Vocab • Guerrillas- members of an irregular military force. • Cartagena- was a major naval base and commercial port in the Spanish empire.
Section 2 Holidays, Government, and Sports • Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul and it honors the catholic saints Peter and Paul • Government is a republic • Sports soccer and tejo
Section 2 Additional Information • Late 1700s people in Central and South America began struggling for independence from Spain • National capitol of Columbia is Bogota • Rich soil, steep slopes, and tall shade trees produce coffee • Religion is mainly Roman Catholic • Guerrillas forces farmers off land and some flee country • Relies on resources such as iron ore, gold, and coal
Section 3 Vocab • Llanos- Venezuelan cowboy • Strike- Group of workers stopping work until their demands are met. • Referendum- Recall vote • Lake Maracaibo- Area rich with oil. • Caracas- Venezuela’s capital and the economic and cultural center of the country.
Section 3 Guyana • One third of the country’s population lives in Georgetown • Most important product is sugarcane and rice • Agricultural lands are located on flat, fertile land along the coast • Half of the population is descended from people who migrated from India
Section 3 Suriname • Resources and economy are similar to Guyana’s • Population includes South Asians, Africans, Chinese, Indonesians, and Creoles • Paramaribo is home to half of the country
Section 3 French Guiana • Territory of France and sends representatives to the government in Paris • 200,000 people live mainly in the coastal areas • Two- thirds of the people are African decedents • Other groups are Europe, Asians, and South American Indians • Heavily depends on imports of food and energy
Sources • Shoichet, Catherine et al www.cnn.com • Lopez, Elwyn. “president: nine die in ‘terrorist’ bomb blast in Colombia.” CNN. Cable News Network, 07 Dec. 2013. Wed. 24 Jan. 2014 • www.timeanddate.com • www.infoplease.com